Church of Alexandria

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The '''Church of Alexandria''' is one of the [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] [[Orthodox Church]]es.  Its [[primate]] is the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, the successor to the [[Apostle Mark|Apostle Mark the Evangelist]], who founded the Church of Alexandria in the 1st century.  It is one of the five ancient [[patriarchate]]s of the early [[Church]], called the ''[[Pentarchy]]''.
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{{church|
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name= Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa[[Image:Alexandria logo.gif|center|The Church of Alexandria]]|
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founder= [[Apostle Mark]]|
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independence=Traditional |
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recognition= Traditional |
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primate=[[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Pope Theodoros II]]|
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hq=Alexandria, Egypt|
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territory=Egypt and Africa|
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possessions= ?|
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language=Greek, Swahili, English, local languages|
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music=[[Byzantine Chant]]|
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calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
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population=250,000|
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website=[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/ Church of Alexandria]
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}}
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== History ==
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Since the [[schism]] occurring as a result of the political and [[Christology|Christological]] controversies at the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]] (451 A.D.), the portion of the Church of Alexandria loyal to Chalcedonian Christology has liturgically been Greek-speaking, the majority of its native (i.e., Coptic) population and their modern descendents becoming a part of the '''[[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Coptic Orthodox Church]]''' (i.e., [[Oriental Orthodox|non-Chalcedonian]]).
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== The Church today ==
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In recent years, a considerable missionary effort was enacted by Pope [[Petros VII (Papapetrou) of Alexandria|Petros VII]].  During his seven years as patriarch (1997-2004), he worked tirelessly to spread the Orthodox Christian [[faith]] in Arab nations and throughout Africa, raising up native [[clergy]] and encouraging the use of local languages in the liturgical life of the Church.  Missions spread and thrived in Kenya, Uganda, Madagascar, Cameroon, and elsewhere across the African continent. 
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Particularly sensitive to the nature of Christian expansion into [[Islam|Muslim]] countries, His Beatitude worked to promote mutual understanding and respect between Orthodox Christians and Muslims.  His efforts were ended as the result of a helicopter crash on [[September 11]], 2004, in the Aegean Sea near Greece, killing him and several other clergy, including Bishop [[Nektarios (Kellis) of Madagascar|Nektarios of Madagascar]], another bishop with a profound missionary vision.
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Today, some 300,000 Orthodox Christians comprise the Patriarchate of Alexandria, the highest number since the [[Roman Empire]].  The current primate of the Church of Alexandria is His Beatitude [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodoros II]], Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa.
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==The Episcopacy==
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===The Holy Synod===
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*His Beatitude [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodoros II]], Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa
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*His Eminence Paul (Lyngris), Metropolitan of Memphis
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*His Eminence Dionysios (Hatzivasiliou), Metropolitan of Leontopolis
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*His Eminence Petros (Giakoumelos), Metropolitan of Axum
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*His Eminence Makarios (Tyliirides), Metropolitan of Kenya
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*His Eminence Ionas, Metropolitan of Kampala and all Uganda
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*His Eminence Seraphim (Iakovou), Metropolitan of Johannesburg and Pretoria
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*His Eminence Alexander (Gianniris), Metropolitan of Nigeria
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*His Eminence Theophylaktos (Tzoumerkas), Metropolitan of Tripolis
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*His Eminence Sergios, Metropolitan of the Cape of Good Hope
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*His Eminence Alexios, Metropolitan of Carthage
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*His Eminence Kallinikos (Pippas), Metropolitan of Pelusion
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*His Eminence Proterios (Pavlopoulos), Metropolitan of Ptolemais
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*His Eminence George (Vladimirou), Metropolitan of Zimbabwe
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*His Eminence Nikolaos, Metropolitan of Hermopolis
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*His Eminence Dimitrios (Zaharengas), Metropolitan of Irinoupolis
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*His Eminence Ignatios (Madenlides), Metropolitan of Central Africa
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*His Eminence Emmanuel, Metropolitan of Khartoum and all Sudan
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*His Eminence Gregorios, Metropolitan of Cameroon
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===Diocesan Bishops===
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*His Grace Ieronymos, Bishop of Bukoba
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*His Grace Ioakim (Kontobas), Bishop of Zambia
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*His Grace Damaskinos, Bishop of Ghana
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*His Grace Ignatios, Bishop of Madagascar
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*His Grace Meletios, Bishop of Kolwezi
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*His Grace Theodoros, Bishop of Mozambique
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===Auxiliary Bishops===
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*His Grace Athanasios of Cyrene
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*His Grace Gabriel of Mareotis
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*His Grace Spyridon of Kanopou
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*His Grace Nikodemos of Nitria
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*His Grace Gennadios of Nilopolis
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===Retired Bishops===
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*His Grace Theoklitos of Helioupolis
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*His Grace Philemon of Karvasos
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*His Grace Ioakeim of Tamiathus
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*His Grace Porfyrios of Thivais
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*His Grace Panteleimon of Antinoe
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*His Grace Kyrillos of Nafkratis
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*His Grace Petros of Nikopolis
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== See also ==
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*[[Orthodoxy in Africa]]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/ The Patriarchate of Alexandria] (Official site)
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*[http://www.greece.org/gopatalex/SA/ Archbishopric of Johannesburg and Pretoria]
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*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/History/list_patr.htm List of Patriarchs]
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*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/History/hist_patr.htm History of the Patriarchate]
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*[http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=14&IndexView=toc Eastern Christian Churches: Patriarchate of Alexandria] by Ronald Roberson, a Roman Catholic priest and scholar
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{{churches}}
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[[Category:Jurisdictions|Alexandria]]
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[[ar:بطريركية الإسكندرية للروم الأرثوذكس]]
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[[bg:Александрийска патриаршия]]
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[[es:Iglesia Ortodoxa de Alejandría]]
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[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă a Alexandriei]]
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Revision as of 03:14, June 10, 2008

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