Church of Alexandria

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The '''Church of Alexandria''' is one of the [[autocephaly|autocephalous]] [[Orthodox Church]]es.  Its [[primate]] is the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, the successor to the [[Apostle Mark|Apostle Mark the Evangelist]], who founded the Church of Alexandria in the 1st century.  It is one of the five ancient [[patriarchate]]s of the early [[Church]], called the ''[[Pentarchy]]''.
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{{church|
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name= Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa[[Image:Alexandria logo.gif|center|The Church of Alexandria]]|
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founder= [[Apostle Mark]]|
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independence=Traditional |
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recognition= Traditional |
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primate=[[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Pope Theodoros II]]|
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hq=Alexandria, Egypt|
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territory=Egypt and Africa|
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possessions= ?|
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language=Greek, Swahili, English, local languages|
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music=[[Byzantine Chant]]|
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calendar=[[Revised Julian Calendar|Revised Julian]]|
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population=250,000|
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website=[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/ Church of Alexandria]
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}}
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 +
== History ==
 +
When [[Alexander the Great]] conquered Egypt about 332-331 BC he established the city of Alexandria, named after him, from which his Greek-speaking successors, the Ptolemy dynasty, ruled Egypt. Alexandria also had many Greek-speaking Jewish inhabitants, and it was here that the Old Testament scriptures were translated into Greek, the [[Septuagint]] version. During the first century BC the city, and Egypt generally passed under Roman rule.
 +
 
 +
St Mark, a disciple of [[Apostle Peter|St Peter]] evangelised Egypt in the middle of the first century. He probably arrived about AD 40, and met a martyr's death around AD 63. Little is known of the early history of the Church in Alexandria and Egypt, beyond a bare list of names of bishops. By the end of the second century, however, the church had begun to spread among the indigenous population, and the Scriptures and Liturgical texts were being translated into local languages.
 +
 
 +
Since the [[schism]] occurring as a result of the political and [[Christology|Christological]] controversies at the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council|Council of Chalcedon]] (451 A.D.), the portion of the Church of Alexandria loyal to Chalcedonian [[Christology]] has liturgically been Greek-speaking, the majority of its native (i.e., Coptic) population and their modern descendents becoming a part of the '''[[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Coptic Orthodox Church]]''' (i.e., [[Oriental Orthodox|non-Chalcedonian]]).
 +
 
 +
== The Church today ==
 +
In recent years, a considerable missionary effort was enacted by Pope [[Petros VII (Papapetrou) of Alexandria|Petros VII]].  During his seven years as patriarch (1997-2004), he worked tirelessly to spread the Orthodox Christian [[faith]] in Arab nations and throughout Africa, raising up native [[clergy]] and encouraging the use of local languages in the liturgical life of the Church.  Missions spread and thrived in Kenya, Uganda, [[Madagascar]], [[Cameroon]], and elsewhere across the African continent. 
 +
 
 +
Particularly sensitive to the nature of Christian expansion into [[Islam|Muslim]] countries, His Beatitude worked to promote mutual understanding and respect between Orthodox Christians and Muslims.  His efforts were ended as the result of a helicopter crash on [[September 11]], 2004, in the Aegean Sea near Greece, killing him and several other clergy, including Bishop [[Nektarios (Kellis) of Madagascar|Nektarios of Madagascar]], another bishop with a profound missionary vision.
 +
 
 +
Today, some 300,000 Orthodox Christians comprise the Patriarchate of Alexandria, the highest number since the [[Roman Empire]].  The current primate of the Church of Alexandria is His Beatitude [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodoros II]], Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa.
 +
 
 +
==The Episcopacy==
 +
===The Holy Synod===
 +
*His Beatitude [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodoros II]], Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and all Africa
 +
*His Eminence [[Paul (Lyngris) of Memphis|Paul (Lyngris)]], Elder Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Memphis|Memphis]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Dionysios (Hatzivasiliou) of Leontopolis|Dionysios (Hatzivasiliou)]], Elder Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Leontopolis|Leontopolis]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Petros (Giakoumelos) of Aksum|Petros (Giakoumelos)]], Elder Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Aksum|Aksum]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Makarios (Tillyrides) of Kenya|Makarios (Tillyrides)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Kenya|Kenya]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Jonah (Lwanga) of Kampala|Jonah (Lwanga)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Kampala and All Uganda|Kampala and All Uganda]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Seraphim (Iakovou) of Johannesburg|Seraphim (Iakovou)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Johannesburg and Pretoria|Johannesburg and Pretoria]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Alexandros (Gianniris) of Nigeria|Alexander (Gianniris)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Nigeria|Nigeria]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Theophylaktos (Tzoumerkas) of Tripoli|Theophylaktos (Tzoumerkas)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Tripolis|Tripolis]]
 +
*His Eminence Sergios, Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of the Cape of Good Hope|the Cape of Good Hope]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Alexios (Leontaritis) of Carthage|Alexios]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Carthage|Carthage]]
 +
*His Eminence Ieronymos, Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Mwanza|Mwanza]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Kallinikos (Pippas) of Pilousion|Kallinikos (Pippas)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Pilousion|Pilousion]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Proterios (Pavlopoulos) of Ptolemais|Proterios (Pavlopoulos)]], Metropolitan of [[Metropolis of Ptolemais|Ptolemais]]
 +
*His Eminence [[George (Vladimirou) of Zimbabwe|George (Vladimirou)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Zimbabwe|Zimbabwe]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Nicholas of Ermoupolis|Nicholas]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Ermoupolis|Ermoupolis]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Dimitrios (Zaharengas) of Irinopolis|Dimitrios (Zaharengas)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Irinopolis|Irinopolis]]
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*His Eminence [[Ignatios (Madenlides) of Central Africa|Ignatios (Madenlides)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Central Africa|Central Africa]]
 +
*His Eminence [[Emmanuel (Kiagias) of Khartoum|Emmanuel (Kiagias)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Khartoum and All Sudan|Khartoum and Sudan]], Exarch of All Sudan
 +
*His Eminence [[Gregory (Stergiou) of Cameroon|Gregory (Stergiou)]], Metropolitan of [[Archdiocese of Cameroon|Cameroon]], Exarch of Central Africa
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*His Eminence [[Damaskinos (Papandreou) of Accra|Damaskinos (Papandreou)]], Archbishop of [[Archdiocese of Accra|Accra]]
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*His Eminence [[Ioakeim (Kontobas) of Zambia|Ioakeim (Kontobas)]], Archbishop of [[Diocese of Zambia|Zambia]]
 +
 
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===Diocesan Bishops===
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*His Grace [[Savvas (Heimonettos) of Burundi and Rwanda|Savvas (Heimonettos)]], Bishop of Burundi and Rwanda|Burundi]]
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*His Grace [[Ignatios (Sennis) of Madagascar|Ignatios (Sennis)]], Bishop of [[Diocese of Madagascar|Madagascar]]
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*His Grace [[Meletios (Kamiloudes) of Katanga|Meletios (Kamiloudes)]], Bishop of [[Diocese of Katanga|Katanga]]
 +
*His Grace [[Theodoros (Dimitriou) of Mozambique|Theodoros (Dimitriou)]], Bishop of [[Diocese of Mozambique|Mozambique]]
 +
*His Grace [[Gennadios of Botswana]], Bishop of Botswana
 +
 
 +
===Auxiliary Bishops===
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*His Grace Athanasios of Cyrene
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*His Grace Gabriel of Mareotis
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*His Grace Spyridon of Kanopou
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*His Grace Nikodemos of Nitria
 +
 
 +
===Titular Archbishops===
 +
*His Excellency Theoklitos of Helioupolis
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*His Excellency Philemon of Karvasos
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*His Excellency Ioakeim of Tamiathus
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*His Excellency Porfyrios of Thivais
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*His Excellency Kyrillos of Nafkratis
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===Retired Bishops===
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*His Eminence [[Panteleimon (Lampadarios) of Antinoe|Panteleimon of Antinoe]]
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*His Grace Petros of Nikopolis
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 +
==Holy Archdioceses and Bishoprics==
 +
 
 +
{| border="1"
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!Archdiocese||Established||See||Jurisdiction
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Memphis]]||??||Heliopolis, Cairo - '''Egypt'''||
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Leontopolis]]||??||Ismailia - '''Egypt'''||''Ismailia, Suez, Zagzik''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Pilousion]]||??||Port Said - '''Egypt'''||''Port Said, Mansoura, Damiette, Kantara''
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|-
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|[[Metropolis of Ptolemais|Archdiocese of Ptolemais]]||??||Minia - '''Egypt'''||''Upper Egypt, Luxor, Aswan, Minia, Fayum, Asiut, Beni Suef''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Ermoupolis]]||??||Tanta – '''Egypt'''||
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Tripolis]]||1866,<br>1959,<br>2004||Tripoli - Libya||''Marsa Matrouh in Egypt'', '''[[Libya]]'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Carthage]]||1931||Tunis - Tunisia||'''[[Tunisia]], Algeria, Mauritania, [[Morocco]]'''
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|-
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|Archdiocese of Cyrene||??
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Khartoum and All Sudan|Archdiocese of Khartoum]]||??||Khartoum - Sudan||'''Sudan'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Aksum]]||??||Addis-Abeba - Ethiopia||'''Ethiopia, [[Eritrea]], [[Djibouti]], Somalia'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Kenya]]||??||Nairobi - Kenya||'''Kenya'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Kampala and All Uganda]]||1959||Kampala - [[Uganda]]||'''Uganda'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Accra]]||1997,<br>2009||Accra - [[Ghana]]||'''Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, [[Sierra Leone]], Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Nigeria]]||1997,<br>2004||Lagos - Nigeria||'''Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Togo'''
 +
|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Cameroon]]||??||Yaounde - Cameroon||'''Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea''', Islands of '''St Thomas''' and '''Principe'''
 +
|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Central Africa]]||??||Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo||'''Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo-Brazaville (Republic of the Congo)'''
 +
|-
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|[[Diocese of Katanga]]||2006,<br>2009||Lubumbasi - Congo||''Katanga Province in the Congo''
 +
|-
 +
|Diocese of Burundi and Rwanda||2009||Bujumbura in Burundi||'''Burundi, Rwanda''', ''a great area of the Eastern Congo''
 +
|-
 +
|[[Archdiocese of Mwanza]]||??||Bukoba - Tanzania||'''Tanzania'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Irinoupolis]]||1959||Dar-es-Salaam - Tanzania||'''Tanzania, Seychelle Islands'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Zambia]]||2001,<br>2009||Lusaka - Zambia||'''Zambia, Malawi'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Zimbabwe]]||??||Harare - Zimbabwe||'''Zimbabwe, [[Angola]], Malawi, Botswana'''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of Johannesburg and Pretoria]]||1927||Johannesburg - South Africa||''(The areas from East Africa, the Equator down to the Cape of Good Hope)''
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|-
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|[[Archdiocese of the Cape of Good Hope]]||1968||Cape Town - South Africa||'''Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho''', and the following areas of the Cape (West and East): ''Port Elizabeth, East London, Bloemfontein, Welkom, George, Knysna, Kimberley, Pietermaritzburg, all Natal''
 +
|-
 +
|[[Diocese of Mozambique]]||2006||Maputo - Mozambique||'''Mozambique'''
 +
|-
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|[[Diocese of Madagascar]]||1997||Antananarivo - Madagascar||'''Madagascar''', Islands of '''Mauritius, Reunion, Comores, Maillot'''
 +
|}
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== See also ==
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*[[Orthodoxy in Africa]]
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*[[List of Patriarchs of Alexandria]]
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==External links==
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*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/ The Patriarchate of Alexandria] (Official site)
 +
*[http://www.greece.org/gopatalex/SA/ Archbishopric of Johannesburg and Pretoria]
 +
*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/History/list_patr.htm List of Patriarchs]
 +
*[http://www.greekorthodox-alexandria.org/History/hist_patr.htm History of the Patriarchate]
 +
*[http://www.metropolisofcameroon.org/ The Metropolis of Cameroon Website] (Official site)
 +
 
 +
==Sources==
 +
*[http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/index.php?module=content&cid=004001 Patriarchate of Alexandria website - Archdioceses]
 +
*[http://www.patriarchateofalexandria.com/index.php?module=content&cid=004002 Patriarchate of Alexandria website - Dioceses]
 +
*[http://www.cnewa.org/ecc-bodypg-us.aspx?eccpageID=14&IndexView=toc Eastern Christian Churches: Patriarchate of Alexandria] by Ronald Roberson, a Roman Catholic priest and scholar
 +
 
 +
{{churches}}
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[[Category:Orthodoxy in Africa|Alexandria]]
 +
[[Category:Jurisdictions|Alexandria]]
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 +
[[ar:بطريركية الإسكندرية للروم الأرثوذكس]]
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[[bg:Александрийска патриаршия]]
 +
[[es:Iglesia Ortodoxa de Alejandría]]
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[[fr:Église d'Alexandrie]]
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[[ro:Biserica Ortodoxă a Alexandriei]]

Revision as of 05:15, September 16, 2012

The Church of Alexandria is one of the autocephalous Orthodox Churches. Its primate is the Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa, the successor to the Apostle Mark the Evangelist, who founded the Church of Alexandria in the 1st century. It is one of the five ancient patriarchates of the early Church, called the Pentarchy.

Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa
The Church of Alexandria
Founder(s) Apostle Mark
Autocephaly/Autonomy declared Traditional
Autocephaly/Autonomy recognized Traditional
Current primate Pope Theodoros II
Headquarters Alexandria, Egypt
Primary territory Egypt and Africa
Possessions abroad  ?
Liturgical language(s) Greek, Swahili, English, local languages
Musical tradition Byzantine Chant
Calendar Revised Julian
Population estimate 250,000
Official website Church of Alexandria


Contents

History

When Alexander the Great conquered Egypt about 332-331 BC he established the city of Alexandria, named after him, from which his Greek-speaking successors, the Ptolemy dynasty, ruled Egypt. Alexandria also had many Greek-speaking Jewish inhabitants, and it was here that the Old Testament scriptures were translated into Greek, the Septuagint version. During the first century BC the city, and Egypt generally passed under Roman rule.

St Mark, a disciple of St Peter evangelised Egypt in the middle of the first century. He probably arrived about AD 40, and met a martyr's death around AD 63. Little is known of the early history of the Church in Alexandria and Egypt, beyond a bare list of names of bishops. By the end of the second century, however, the church had begun to spread among the indigenous population, and the Scriptures and Liturgical texts were being translated into local languages.

Since the schism occurring as a result of the political and Christological controversies at the Council of Chalcedon (451 A.D.), the portion of the Church of Alexandria loyal to Chalcedonian Christology has liturgically been Greek-speaking, the majority of its native (i.e., Coptic) population and their modern descendents becoming a part of the Coptic Orthodox Church (i.e., non-Chalcedonian).

The Church today

In recent years, a considerable missionary effort was enacted by Pope Petros VII. During his seven years as patriarch (1997-2004), he worked tirelessly to spread the Orthodox Christian faith in Arab nations and throughout Africa, raising up native clergy and encouraging the use of local languages in the liturgical life of the Church. Missions spread and thrived in Kenya, Uganda, Madagascar, Cameroon, and elsewhere across the African continent.

Particularly sensitive to the nature of Christian expansion into Muslim countries, His Beatitude worked to promote mutual understanding and respect between Orthodox Christians and Muslims. His efforts were ended as the result of a helicopter crash on September 11, 2004, in the Aegean Sea near Greece, killing him and several other clergy, including Bishop Nektarios of Madagascar, another bishop with a profound missionary vision.

Today, some 300,000 Orthodox Christians comprise the Patriarchate of Alexandria, the highest number since the Roman Empire. The current primate of the Church of Alexandria is His Beatitude Theodoros II, Pope and Patriarch of Alexandria and All Africa.

The Episcopacy

The Holy Synod

Diocesan Bishops

Auxiliary Bishops

  • His Grace Athanasios of Cyrene
  • His Grace Gabriel of Mareotis
  • His Grace Spyridon of Kanopou
  • His Grace Nikodemos of Nitria

Titular Archbishops

  • His Excellency Theoklitos of Helioupolis
  • His Excellency Philemon of Karvasos
  • His Excellency Ioakeim of Tamiathus
  • His Excellency Porfyrios of Thivais
  • His Excellency Kyrillos of Nafkratis

Retired Bishops

Holy Archdioceses and Bishoprics

Archdiocese Established See Jurisdiction
Archdiocese of Memphis ?? Heliopolis, Cairo - Egypt
Archdiocese of Leontopolis ?? Ismailia - Egypt Ismailia, Suez, Zagzik
Archdiocese of Pilousion ?? Port Said - Egypt Port Said, Mansoura, Damiette, Kantara
Archdiocese of Ptolemais ?? Minia - Egypt Upper Egypt, Luxor, Aswan, Minia, Fayum, Asiut, Beni Suef
Archdiocese of Ermoupolis ?? Tanta – Egypt
Archdiocese of Tripolis 1866,
1959,
2004
Tripoli - Libya Marsa Matrouh in Egypt, Libya
Archdiocese of Carthage 1931 Tunis - Tunisia Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco
Archdiocese of Cyrene ??
Archdiocese of Khartoum ?? Khartoum - Sudan Sudan
Archdiocese of Aksum ?? Addis-Abeba - Ethiopia Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Somalia
Archdiocese of Kenya ?? Nairobi - Kenya Kenya
Archdiocese of Kampala and All Uganda 1959 Kampala - Uganda Uganda
Archdiocese of Accra 1997,
2009
Accra - Ghana Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Gambia
Archdiocese of Nigeria 1997,
2004
Lagos - Nigeria Nigeria, Niger, Benin, Togo
Archdiocese of Cameroon ?? Yaounde - Cameroon Cameroon, Chad, Central African Republic, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Islands of St Thomas and Principe
Archdiocese of Central Africa ?? Kinshasa - Democratic Republic of Congo Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo-Brazaville (Republic of the Congo)
Diocese of Katanga 2006,
2009
Lubumbasi - Congo Katanga Province in the Congo
Diocese of Burundi and Rwanda 2009 Bujumbura in Burundi Burundi, Rwanda, a great area of the Eastern Congo
Archdiocese of Mwanza ?? Bukoba - Tanzania Tanzania
Archdiocese of Irinoupolis 1959 Dar-es-Salaam - Tanzania Tanzania, Seychelle Islands
Archdiocese of Zambia 2001,
2009
Lusaka - Zambia Zambia, Malawi
Archdiocese of Zimbabwe ?? Harare - Zimbabwe Zimbabwe, Angola, Malawi, Botswana
Archdiocese of Johannesburg and Pretoria 1927 Johannesburg - South Africa (The areas from East Africa, the Equator down to the Cape of Good Hope)
Archdiocese of the Cape of Good Hope 1968 Cape Town - South Africa Namibia, Swaziland, Lesotho, and the following areas of the Cape (West and East): Port Elizabeth, East London, Bloemfontein, Welkom, George, Knysna, Kimberley, Pietermaritzburg, all Natal
Diocese of Mozambique 2006 Maputo - Mozambique Mozambique
Diocese of Madagascar 1997 Antananarivo - Madagascar Madagascar, Islands of Mauritius, Reunion, Comores, Maillot

See also

External links

Sources


Autocephalous and Autonomous Churches of Orthodoxy
Autocephalous Churches
Four Ancient Patriarchates: Constantinople | Alexandria | Antioch | Jerusalem
Russia | Serbia | Romania | Bulgaria | Georgia | Cyprus | Greece | Poland | Albania | Czech Lands and Slovakia | OCA*
Autonomous Churches
Sinai | Finland | Estonia* | Japan* | China* | Ukraine*
The * designates a church whose autocephaly or autonomy is not universally recognized.
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