Church Calendar

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__NOTOC__
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The '''Church Calendar''' consists of a series of cycles by which [[feast]]s are celebrated in the [[Orthodox Church]].  There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the '''[[Julian Calendar]]''' ("Old Calendar"), '''[[Revised Julian Calendar]]''' ("New Calendar"), and '''[[Gregorian Calendar]]''' ("New Calendar").
  
The '''Church Calendar''' consists of a series of cycles by which [[feast]]s are celebrated in the [[Orthodox Church]].  There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the '''[[Julian Calendar]]''', '''[[Revised Julian Calendar]]''', and '''[[Gregorian Calendar]]'''. The following list of dates links only to [[fixed feast]]s of the [[Orthodox Church]]. The Church's year begins with the [[Indiction]] on [[September 1]].
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==Usage==
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*The [[Julian Calendar]] churches are:  [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem]], [[Church of Russia|Russia]], [[Church of Serbia|Serbia]], [[Church of Georgia|Georgia]], [[Church of Poland|Poland]], [[Church of Sinai|Sinai]], [[Church of Ukraine|Ukraine]], and [[Church of Japan|Japan]].
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*The [[Revised Julian Calendar]] churches are:  [[Church of Constantinople|Constantinople]], [[Church of Alexandria|Alexandria]], [[Church of Antioch|Antioch]], [[Church of Romania|Romania]], [[Church of Bulgaria|Bulgaria]], [[Church of Cyprus|Cyprus]], [[Church of Greece|Greece]], [[Church of Albania|Albania]], [[Church of the Czech Lands and Slovakia|Czech Lands and Slovakia]], and the [[Orthodox Church in America|OCA]].
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 +
*The [[Gregorian Calendar]] churches are:  [[Church of Finland|Finland]] and [[Church of Estonia (Ecumenical Patriarchate)|Estonia]].
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A number of the above churches also have some parishes and dioceses which are on a different calendar than their respective [[primate]]s, most especially the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the [[diaspora]], which has many Julian Calendar parishes.
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In terms of population, most Orthodox Christians follow the Julian Calendar (roughly 144 million to 41 million) but in terms of numbers of autocephalous and autonomous church bodies, the majority use one of the New Calendars (12 to 8).
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==Calendar fixed feast days==
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The following list of dates links only to [[fixed feast]]s of the [[Orthodox Church]]. The Church's year begins with the [[Indiction]] on [[September 1]].
  
 
{|-
 
{|-
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|<small>[[August 1|1]] [[August 2|2]] [[August 3|3]] [[August 4|4]] [[August 5|5]] [[August 6|6]] [[August 7|7]] [[August 8|8]] [[August 9|9]] [[August 10|10]] [[August 11|11]] [[August 12|12]] [[August 13|13]] [[August 14|14]] [[August 15|15]] [[August 16|16]] [[August 17|17]] [[August 18|18]] [[August 19|19]] [[August 20|20]] [[August 21|21]] [[August 22|22]] [[August 23|23]] [[August 24|24]] [[August 25|25]] [[August 26|26]] [[August 27|27]] [[August 28|28]] [[August 29|29]] [[August 30|30]] [[August 31|31]]</small>
 
|<small>[[August 1|1]] [[August 2|2]] [[August 3|3]] [[August 4|4]] [[August 5|5]] [[August 6|6]] [[August 7|7]] [[August 8|8]] [[August 9|9]] [[August 10|10]] [[August 11|11]] [[August 12|12]] [[August 13|13]] [[August 14|14]] [[August 15|15]] [[August 16|16]] [[August 17|17]] [[August 18|18]] [[August 19|19]] [[August 20|20]] [[August 21|21]] [[August 22|22]] [[August 23|23]] [[August 24|24]] [[August 25|25]] [[August 26|26]] [[August 27|27]] [[August 28|28]] [[August 29|29]] [[August 30|30]] [[August 31|31]]</small>
 
|}
 
|}
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==Calendar movable feast days==
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All dates are Gregorian. Dates in ( ) are Gregorian dates of movable feasts on the Julian Calendar when different.
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{|cellpadding="6px" border=1 style="border:1px solid #C0C0C0; border-collapse:collapse;"
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|'''Movable feast day'''
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|'''Date this year'''
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|'''Date next year'''
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|'''Date in two years'''
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|-
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|Sunday before [[Theophany]].
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
  
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({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }}
  
==See also==
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({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday before|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }}
  
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({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
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|-
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|Sunday after [[Theophany]]
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|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
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({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }}
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({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{Next year}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday after|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }}
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({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jan 6 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
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|-
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|[[Apostle Zacchaeus|Zacchaeus Sunday]]  (Slavic Tradition)
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 11 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 11 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 11 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Publican and Pharisee|Publican & Pharisee Sunday]]  - ''fast free week''
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 10 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 10 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 10 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Prodigal Son]]
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 9 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 9 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 9 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Last Judgment|Meat Fare Sunday]] (Sunday of Last Judgement)
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 8 week }}
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|-
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|''fast for 6 days''
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 55 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 55 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 55 day }}
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|-
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|[[Forgiveness Sunday|Cheesefare (Forgiveness) Sunday]]
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Expulsion from Paradise
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 7 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 7 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 7 week }}
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|-
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|[[Great Lent]] begins - ''fast for 6 weeks''
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 48 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 48 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 48 day }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of Orthodoxy]] 
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1st Sunday of Lent
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 6 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas]]
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2nd Sunday of Lent
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 5 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Holy Cross]]
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3rd Sunday of Lent
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 4 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. John Climacus]]
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4th Sunday of Lent
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 3 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 3 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 3 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt]]
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5th Sunday of Lent
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 2 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 2 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 2 week }}
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|-
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|[[Lazarus Saturday]]
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 8 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 8 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 8 day }}
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|-
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|'''[[Palm Sunday]]''' 
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|'''{{Palm sunday date}}'''
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|'''{{Palm sunday date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Palm sunday date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
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|-
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|[[Holy Week]] starts - ''fast all week''
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 6 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 6 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 6 day }}
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|-
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|Holy Thursday
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 3 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 3 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 3 day }}
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|-
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|Holy Friday
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 2 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 2 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 2 day }}
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|-
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|[[Holy Saturday]]
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} - 1 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} - 1 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} - 1 day }}
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|-
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|'''[[Pascha]]'''  - fast free week
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|'''{{Pascha date}}'''
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|'''{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
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|-
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|[[Sunday of St. Thomas]] 
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2nd Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 1 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 1 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 1 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of Myrrh-bearing Women]]
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3rd Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 2 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 2 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 2 week }}
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|-
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|Sunday of the Paralytic 
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4th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 3 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 3 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 3 week }}
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|-
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|Midfeast of Pentecost 
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 24 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 24 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 24 day }}
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|-
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|Sunday of the Samaritan Woman
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5th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 4 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 4 week }}
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|-
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|Sunday of the Blind Man
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6th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 5 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 5 week }}
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|-
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|Leavetaking of Pascha 
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 38 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 38 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 38 day }}
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|-
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|'''[[Ascension]]Thursday'''
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|'''{{Ascension date}}'''
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|'''{{Ascension date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Ascension date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
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|-
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|[[First Ecumenical Council|Fathers of the 1st Ecumenical Council]]
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7th Sunday of Pascha
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 6 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 6 week }}
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|-
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|'''[[Pentecost]] Sunday''' - ''fast free week''
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|'''{{Pentecost date}}'''
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|'''{{Pentecost date|year={{Next year}}}}'''
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|'''{{Pentecost date|year={{In_two_years}}}}'''
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|-
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|Day of the Holy Spirit 
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 50 day }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 50 day }}
 +
|{{#time:{{{format|D, F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 50 day }}
 +
|-
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|Sunday of All Saints 
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1st Sunday after Pentecost
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 8 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 8 week }}
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|-
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|Apostles fast begins
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|{{Apostles fast date}}
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|{{Apostles fast date|year={{Next year}} }}
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|{{Apostles fast date|year={{In_two_years}} }}
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|-
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|All Saints of North America 
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2nd Sunday after Pentecost
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date}} + 9 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{Next year}}}} + 9 week }}
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|{{#time:{{{format|F j, Y}}} |{{Pascha date|year={{In_two_years}}}} + 9 week }}
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|-
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|[[Sunday of the Fathers of the First Six Councils|Fathers of the First Six Councils]] 
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
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({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{Next year}} }}
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 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{Next year}} }} }})
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|{{Sunday before|date=Jul 20 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Jul 20 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
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|Sunday before [[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Elevation of the Cross]]
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday after [[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Elevation of the Cross]]
 +
 +
- Lukan Jump next day -
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after |date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after |date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Sep 14 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|[[Sunday of the Fathers of the Seventh Ecumenical Council|Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council]] 
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Oct 10 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Oct 10 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|2nd Sunday before [[Nativity]] 
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|{{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} - 1 week}}
 +
 +
({{#time:F j, Y |{{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }} - 1 week}})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday before [[Nativity]]
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday before|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday before|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|Sunday after [[Nativity]] 
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{CURRENTYEAR}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{Next year}} }} }})
 +
|{{Sunday after|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }}
 +
 +
({{Sunday after|date={{Gregorian date|format=F j Y|date=Dec 25 {{In_two_years}} }} }})
 +
|-
 +
|}
 +
 +
==See also==
 +
*[[Byzantine Creation Era]]
 
*[[Feast day]]
 
*[[Feast day]]
 +
*[[Name day]]
 
*[[Great Feasts]]
 
*[[Great Feasts]]
 +
*[[Holy Week]]
 
*[[Paschalion]]
 
*[[Paschalion]]
 
*[[Gaussian Formulae]]
 
*[[Gaussian Formulae]]
Line 52: Line 368:
 
*[[OrthodoxWiki:Style Manual (Church Calendar)|Style Manual]]
 
*[[OrthodoxWiki:Style Manual (Church Calendar)|Style Manual]]
  
== External Links ==
+
==External links==
 
+
*[http://www.smart.net/~mmontes/ec-cal.html Ecclesiastical Calendar]
===Calendar Use===
+
*[http://www.canto.ru/calendar/help_en.php?id=js_what_en Orthodox calendar] from [http://www.canto.ru/calendar/ Orthodox Menologion Online]
 +
*[http://www.holytrinityorthodox.com/calendar/ Online Ecclesiastical Calendar, with detailed fasting rubrics and the Menologion, according to the Old Calendar]
  
 +
===Calendar use===
 
*[http://www.tondering.dk/claus/cal/calendar27.html Frequently Asked Questions about Calendars] by Claus Tondering (everything you ever wanted to know)
 
*[http://www.tondering.dk/claus/cal/calendar27.html Frequently Asked Questions about Calendars] by Claus Tondering (everything you ever wanted to know)
 
*[http://users.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/calmain.htm Calendar and Easter Topics]
 
*[http://users.chariot.net.au/~gmarts/calmain.htm Calendar and Easter Topics]
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[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Church Life]]
 
[[Category:Church Life]]
 +
[[Category:Calendar days|*]]
 +
 +
[[el:Εορτολόγιο]]
 +
[[fr:Calendrier]]
 +
[[ro:Calendar]]

Revision as of 13:22, November 30, 2011

The Church Calendar consists of a series of cycles by which feasts are celebrated in the Orthodox Church. There are currently three calendars in use in the Church, the Julian Calendar ("Old Calendar"), Revised Julian Calendar ("New Calendar"), and Gregorian Calendar ("New Calendar").

Contents

Usage

A number of the above churches also have some parishes and dioceses which are on a different calendar than their respective primates, most especially the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople in the diaspora, which has many Julian Calendar parishes.

In terms of population, most Orthodox Christians follow the Julian Calendar (roughly 144 million to 41 million) but in terms of numbers of autocephalous and autonomous church bodies, the majority use one of the New Calendars (12 to 8).

Calendar fixed feast days

The following list of dates links only to fixed feasts of the Orthodox Church. The Church's year begins with the Indiction on September 1.

September 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
October 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
November 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
December     1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
January 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
February 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 (29)
March 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
April 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
May 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
June 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
July 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
August 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Calendar movable feast days

All dates are Gregorian. Dates in ( ) are Gregorian dates of movable feasts on the Julian Calendar when different.

Movable feast day Date this year Date next year Date in two years
Sunday before Theophany. January 5, 2014

(January 12, 2014)

January 4, 2015

(January 18, 2015)

January 3, 2016

(January 17, 2016)

Sunday after Theophany January 12, 2014

(January 26, 2014 )

January 11, 2015

(January 25, 2015 )

January 10, 2016

(January 24, 2016 )

Zacchaeus Sunday (Slavic Tradition) February 2, 2014 January 25, 2015 February 14, 2016
Publican & Pharisee Sunday - fast free week February 9, 2014 February 1, 2015 February 21, 2016
Sunday of the Prodigal Son February 16, 2014 February 8, 2015 February 28, 2016
Meat Fare Sunday (Sunday of Last Judgement) February 23, 2014 February 15, 2015 March 6, 2016
fast for 6 days Mon, February 24, 2014 Mon, February 16, 2015 Mon, March 7, 2016
Cheesefare (Forgiveness) Sunday

Expulsion from Paradise

March 2, 2014 February 22, 2015 March 13, 2016
Great Lent begins - fast for 6 weeks Mon, March 3, 2014 Mon, February 23, 2015 Mon, March 14, 2016
Sunday of Orthodoxy

1st Sunday of Lent

March 9, 2014 March 1, 2015 March 20, 2016
Sunday of St. Gregory Palamas

2nd Sunday of Lent

March 16, 2014 March 8, 2015 March 27, 2016
Sunday of the Holy Cross

3rd Sunday of Lent

March 23, 2014 March 15, 2015 April 3, 2016
Sunday of St. John Climacus

4th Sunday of Lent

March 30, 2014 March 22, 2015 April 10, 2016
Sunday of St. Mary of Egypt

5th Sunday of Lent

April 6, 2014 March 29, 2015 April 17, 2016
Lazarus Saturday Sat, April 12, 2014 Sat, April 4, 2015 Sat, April 23, 2016
Palm Sunday April 13, 2014 April 5, 2015 April 24, 2016
Holy Week starts - fast all week Mon, April 14, 2014 Mon, April 6, 2015 Mon, April 25, 2016
Holy Thursday Thu, April 17, 2014 Thu, April 9, 2015 Thu, April 28, 2016
Holy Friday Fri, April 18, 2014 Fri, April 10, 2015 Fri, April 29, 2016
Holy Saturday Sat, April 19, 2014 Sat, April 11, 2015 Sat, April 30, 2016
Pascha - fast free week April 20, 2014 April 12, 2015 May 1, 2016
Sunday of St. Thomas

2nd Sunday of Pascha

April 27, 2014 April 19, 2015 May 8, 2016
Sunday of Myrrh-bearing Women

3rd Sunday of Pascha

May 4, 2014 April 26, 2015 May 15, 2016
Sunday of the Paralytic

4th Sunday of Pascha

May 11, 2014 May 3, 2015 May 22, 2016
Midfeast of Pentecost Wed, May 14, 2014 Wed, May 6, 2015 Wed, May 25, 2016
Sunday of the Samaritan Woman

5th Sunday of Pascha

May 18, 2014 May 10, 2015 May 29, 2016
Sunday of the Blind Man

6th Sunday of Pascha

May 25, 2014 May 17, 2015 June 5, 2016
Leavetaking of Pascha Wed, May 28, 2014 Wed, May 20, 2015 Wed, June 8, 2016
AscensionThursday May 29, 2014 May 21, 2015 June 9, 2016
Fathers of the 1st Ecumenical Council

7th Sunday of Pascha

June 1, 2014 May 24, 2015 June 12, 2016
Pentecost Sunday - fast free week June 8, 2014 May 31, 2015 June 19, 2016
Day of the Holy Spirit Mon, June 9, 2014 Mon, June 1, 2015 Mon, June 20, 2016
Sunday of All Saints

1st Sunday after Pentecost

June 15, 2014 June 7, 2015 June 26, 2016
Apostles fast begins June 16, 2014

for 13 Days ( 26 Days OC)

June 8, 2015

for 21 Days ( 34 Days OC)

June 27, 2016

for 2 Days ( 15 Days OC)

All Saints of North America

2nd Sunday after Pentecost

June 22, 2014 June 14, 2015 July 3, 2016
Fathers of the First Six Councils July 13, 2014

(July 27, 2014)

July 19, 2015

(July 26, 2015)

July 17, 2016

(July 31, 2016)

Sunday before Elevation of the Cross September 7, 2014

(September 21, 2014)

September 13, 2015

(September 20, 2015)

September 11, 2016

(September 25, 2016)

Sunday after Elevation of the Cross

- Lukan Jump next day -

September 21, 2014

(September 28, 2014 )

September 20, 2015

(October 4, 2015 )

September 18, 2016

(October 2, 2016 )

Fathers of the 7th Ecumenical Council October 12, 2014

(October 26, 2014 )

October 11, 2015

(October 25, 2015 )

October 16, 2016

(October 30, 2016 )

2nd Sunday before Nativity December 14, 2014

(December 28, 2014)

December 13, 2015

(December 27, 2015)

December 11, 2016

(December 25, 2016)

Sunday before Nativity December 21, 2014

(January 4, 2015)

December 20, 2015

(January 3, 2016)

December 18, 2016

(January 1, 2017)

Sunday after Nativity December 28, 2014

(January 11, 2015 )

December 27, 2015

(January 10, 2016 )

January 1, 2017

(January 8, 2017 )

See also

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