Christodulus I of Jerusalem

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'''Christodulus I of Jerusalem''', also '''Christopher''', was Patriarch of Jerusalem of the [[Church of Jerusalem]] from 937 to 951. Early in his patriarchate he was confronted with Muslim rioting and church destruction.  
 
'''Christodulus I of Jerusalem''', also '''Christopher''', was Patriarch of Jerusalem of the [[Church of Jerusalem]] from 937 to 951. Early in his patriarchate he was confronted with Muslim rioting and church destruction.  
  
Christodulus succeeded a certain Nicholas who was [[patriarch]] for a very short time in 937. During the first years of  his episcopate a major riot occurred during the [[Divine Liturgy|liturgy]] on [[Palm Sunday]], resulting in major damage to the [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]]. While he was serving inside the Church the rioters set fire to it. The catastrophe on March 24 was recorded in the Jerusalem Calendar: “We must record with great and full bitterness the martyrdom of men, women, youths, and infants which took place on Palm Sunday.” 
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Originally named Habib, he took the name Christodulus when he became the patriarch of Jerusalem. He succeeded Nicholas who was [[patriarch]] for a very short time in 937, and had been killed before the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. During the first years of  his episcopate a major riot occurred during the [[Divine Liturgy|liturgy]] on [[Palm Sunday]], resulting in major damage to the [[Church of the Holy Sepulchre (Jerusalem)|Church of the Holy Sepulchre]]. While he was serving inside the Church the rioters set fire to it. The catastrophe on March 24 was recorded in the Jerusalem Calendar: “We must record with great and full bitterness the martyrdom of men, women, youths, and infants which took place on Palm Sunday.” 
  
 
Further destruction occurred in Ashkelon where Muslims and Jews attacked and burned a church known as '“Mary the Green”. When the Bishop of Ashkelon attempted to obtain the permission of the caliph in Baghdad to rebuild the church, the Muslim partisans objected seriously, and he never receive permission from the caliph.
 
Further destruction occurred in Ashkelon where Muslims and Jews attacked and burned a church known as '“Mary the Green”. When the Bishop of Ashkelon attempted to obtain the permission of the caliph in Baghdad to rebuild the church, the Muslim partisans objected seriously, and he never receive permission from the caliph.
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{{end box}}   
 
{{end box}}   
  
==Source==
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==Sources==
 
*[http://morewhoiswho.tripod.com/history.html  The History of the Church of Jerusalem]
 
*[http://morewhoiswho.tripod.com/history.html  The History of the Church of Jerusalem]
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*[http://www.christusrex.org/www1/ofm/sbf/escurs/wwc/c.html  Christodoulos, patriarch of Jerusalem]
  
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
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[[Category:10th-century bishops]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Jerusalem]]
 
[[Category: Patriarchs of Jerusalem]]

Latest revision as of 05:26, February 25, 2012

Christodulus I of Jerusalem, also Christopher, was Patriarch of Jerusalem of the Church of Jerusalem from 937 to 951. Early in his patriarchate he was confronted with Muslim rioting and church destruction.

Originally named Habib, he took the name Christodulus when he became the patriarch of Jerusalem. He succeeded Nicholas who was patriarch for a very short time in 937, and had been killed before the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. During the first years of his episcopate a major riot occurred during the liturgy on Palm Sunday, resulting in major damage to the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. While he was serving inside the Church the rioters set fire to it. The catastrophe on March 24 was recorded in the Jerusalem Calendar: “We must record with great and full bitterness the martyrdom of men, women, youths, and infants which took place on Palm Sunday.” 

Further destruction occurred in Ashkelon where Muslims and Jews attacked and burned a church known as '“Mary the Green”. When the Bishop of Ashkelon attempted to obtain the permission of the caliph in Baghdad to rebuild the church, the Muslim partisans objected seriously, and he never receive permission from the caliph.

Yet amid the rioting and persecutions, Patr. Christodulus, in 941, was able to consecrate Isaac as the Patriarch of Alexandria in the Church of the Anastasis, or Resurrection, as the Church of the Holy Sepulchre is also known.

Patr. Christodulus died in 951 and was succeeded by Agathon as patriarch.

Succession box:
Christodulus I of Jerusalem
Preceded by:
Nicholas
Patriarch of Jerusalem
937-951
Succeeded by:
Agathon
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