Christodoulos (Paraskevaides) of Athens

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[[Image:ArchOfAthens.jpg|frame|right|His Beatitude Christodoulos of Athens]]__NOTOC__His Beatitude '''Christodoulos (Paraskevaides), Archbishop of Athens and All Greece''' (1939-2008) was the [[primate]] of the [[Church of Greece]] from 1998 until his death in 2008.
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Christodoulos was born at Xanthi in 1939. In 1962 he graduated from the School of Law and in 1967 from the School of Theology. In 1961 he was [[ordination|ordained]] [[deacon]], and [[priest]] in 1965. He served as a preacher and senior spiritual father at the church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary at Palaio Phalero for nine years, and, for seven years he served as a Secretary of the [[Holy Synod]]. He took part in many religious missions abroad. He is a Doctor of Theology, he has a degree in French and English, and he also speaks Italian and German. He is the author of many scientific and constructive books. He has been writing articles in religious press and in dailies.
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He was elected [[Metropolitan]] of Demetrias in 1974 and [[Archbishop]] of Athens and all [[Church of Greece|Greece]] in 1998.
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:"Christodoulos has often stirred controversy with politically tinged statements. He was instrumental in attempts to improve ties with the [[Roman Catholic|Catholic Church]]; in 2001, Christodoulos received in Athens [[Pope]] [[John Paul II]]—the first pope to visit Greece in nearly 1,300 years—ignoring loud protests from Orthodox zealots. He followed up last year 2006 with a historic visit to the Vatican, where he and Pope [[Benedict XVI]] signed a joint declaration calling for inter-religious dialogue and restating opposition to [[abortion]] and [[euthanasia]]. In Greece, politicians accused the archbishop of meddling in their affairs, angered by his vocal criticism of everything from [[homosexuality]] and [[w:Globalization|globalization]] to Turkey's efforts to join the European Union and a recent government effort to tone down nationalism in school history books." {{ref|1}}
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He was a charismatic leader who engaged the youth of the country and who is also credited with reinvigorating the vast institution of the church in Greece during his tenure.
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In June 2007 the Archbishop was diagnosed with liver and colon cancer after undergoing intestinal surgery in Athens. He then waited fifty days in Miami, Florida for a compatible liver to become available, however the transplant was halted in October 2007 after tumors were found in the archbishop's abdominal cavity.  He died from the spread of cancer on [[January 28]], 2008. A four-day period of mourning was announced by the government of Greece following his death including funeral plans befitting a head of state.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Demetrias|
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years=1974-1998|
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after=[[Ignatius (Georgakopoulos) of Demetrias|Ignatios (Georgakopoulos)]]}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Seraphim (Tikas) of Athens|Seraphim (Tikas)]]|
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title=[[List of Archbishops of Athens|Archbishop of Athens]]|
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years=1998-2008|
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after=[[Ieronymos II (Liapis) of Athens|Ieronymos II (Liapis)]]}}
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{{end box}}
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==Source==
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*Archive of [http://web.archive.org/web/20070804185540/http://www.ecclesia.gr/english/archbishop/index.html Official biography]
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==Reference==
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*{{note|1}} [http://www.orthodoxnews.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=WorldNews.one&content_id=16478&CFID=82931385&CFTOKEN=41994833 Greek Church Leader's Transplant Stopped] by Rasha Madkour, Associated Press. October 8, 2007.
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==External links==
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*[[Wikipedia:Archbishop Christodoulos of Athens]]
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* George Gilson. [http://www.athensnews.gr/athweb/nathens.prnt_article?e=C&f=13271&t=01&m=A12&aa=1 Christodoulos shook Greek Church, State]. ATHENS NEWS , 25/01/2008, page: A12. ''(Career profile).''
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*[http://orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/hierarchs/greece/current.htm#christodoulos_archbishop Listing] at the Orthodox Research Institute
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*[http://evdomada.net/2008/01/28/archibishop-christodoulos-greece-deeply-moved/ Archibishop Christodoulos: Greece Deeply Moved]. ''Evdomada Einai … Kai Kylaei''. January 28, 2008.
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*BBC News. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7212502.stm Greek Orthodox church head dies]. January 28, 2008.
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*CNN.com [http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/01/28/obit.christodoulos/index.html?iref=newssearch Archbishop of Greek Orthodox Church dies]. January 28, 2008.
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===Speeches===
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/english/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=641&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Islam: the extent of the problematics]." 12 May 2007.  Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=504&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Course of the EU and the Attitude of the Church]." 27 February 2006. Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=500&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Apostle Paul between Athens and Jerusalem]." 10 June 2004.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=494&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Futurum]." 1 June 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=496&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Orthodox Theology and Ecumenical dialogue]." 1 June 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=491&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Address of H.B. Christodoulos, the Archbishop of Athens and all Greece, to the Members of the Presidium of the Conference of European Churches]." 3 March 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=492&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Presence of the Church on the Horizon of Europe]." 1 January 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=488&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches On the Events of September 11, 2001]." 11 September 2001.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=505&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches TRANSPLANTS AND MAN: The view of the Church]." 8 November 1999. Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=482&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches On Globalization]." 1 August 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=484&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches In honor and memory of General George Marshall]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=485&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Word and Role of Orthodoxy in the European Union]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=486&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Society of People in the Time of Post-Neoterism, of Holisticity and of Globalizaton]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=483&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Jesus Christ in the Theology of Saint Gregory of Nyssa]." 1 September 1998.
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===Books===
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* Christodoulos Paraskevaides. ''Converted Hellenism: The transition from Αntiquity to Christianity''. Media Ecclesiastica, Athens, 2005.
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* Christodoulos Paraskevaides. ''The European Psyche''. Solidarity, Athens 2005. ([http://www.europeanspirit.gr/biblioteca/christodoulos_europa.html Excerpts]).
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Archbishops of Athens]]
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Revision as of 02:37, June 10, 2008

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