Christodoulos (Paraskevaides) of Athens

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[[Image:ArchOfAthens.jpg|frame|right|His Beatitude Christodoulos of Athens]]__NOTOC__His Beatitude '''Christodoulos (Paraskevaides), Archbishop of Athens and All Greece''' (1939-2008) was the [[primate]] of the [[Church of Greece]] from 1998 until his death in 2008.
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==Life==
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Christodoulos was born at Xanthi in 1939. In 1962 he graduated from the School of Law and in 1967 from the School of Theology. In 1961 he was [[ordination|ordained]] [[deacon]], and [[priest]] in 1965. He served as a preacher and senior spiritual father at the Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary at Palaio Phalero for nine years, and, for seven years he served as a Secretary of the [[Holy Synod]]. He took part in many religious missions abroad. He earned a Doctorate of Theology, as well as degrees in French and English, and he also spoke Italian and German. He was the author of many scientific and constructive books. He had written articles in religious press and in dailies.
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He was elected [[Metropolitan]] of Demetrias in 1974 and [[Archbishop]] of Athens and all [[Church of Greece|Greece]] in 1998.
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:"Christodoulos has often stirred controversy with politically tinged statements. He was instrumental in attempts to improve ties with the [[Roman Catholic|Catholic Church]]; in 2001, Christodoulos received in Athens [[Pope]] [[John Paul II]]—the first pope to visit Greece in nearly 1,300 years—ignoring loud protests from Orthodox believers. In 2006, he made a historic visit to the Vatican, where he and Pope [[Benedict XVI]] signed a joint declaration calling for inter-religious dialogue and restating opposition to [[abortion]] and [[euthanasia]]. In Greece, politicians accused the archbishop of meddling in their affairs, and were angered by his vocal criticism of everything from [[homosexuality]] and [[w:Globalization|globalization]] to Turkey's efforts to join the European Union and government efforts to tone down nationalism in school history books." {{ref|1}}
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He was a charismatic leader who engaged the youth of the country and who was also credited with reinvigorating the vast institution of the church in Greece during his tenure.
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==Death and Burial==
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In June 2007, after undergoing intestinal surgery in Athens the Archbishop was diagnosed with liver and colon cancer. He then waited fifty days in Miami, Florida for a compatible liver to become available. However, the transplant was halted in October 2007 after tumors were found in the archbishop's abdominal cavity.  He died from the spread of cancer on [[January 28]], 2008.
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A four-day period of mourning was announced by the government of Greece following his death which included funeral plans befitting a head of state. His funeral was held on [[January 31]], 2008. It was presided over by the Ecumenical Patriarch [[Bartholomew I (Archontonis) of Constantinople|Bartholomew I]], Patriarch [[Theophilus III (Giannopoulos) of Jerusalem|Theophilos III of Jerusalem]], Patriarch [[Theodoros II (Choreftakis) of Alexandria|Theodore II of Alexandria]], Patriarch [[Daniel (Ciobotea) of Romania|Daniel of Romania]], and was also attended by the Archbishop of Cyprus [[Chrysostomos II (Demetriou) of Nea Justiniana|Chrysostomos II]] and the Archbishop of America [[Demetrios (Trakatellis) of America|Demetrios]]. The election of his successor was carried out by the Synod of the Metropolitans of the [[Church of Greece]] on [[February 7]], 2008.
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Despite the criticism, Archbishop Christodoulos proved to be one of the most popular archbishops in Greek history, having a particular rapport with young people.
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=Elias (Tsakogiannis)|
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title=[[Metropolis of Demetrias and Almyros|Metropolitan of Demetrias]]|
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years=1974-1998|
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after=[[Ignatius (Georgakopoulos) of Demetrias|Ignatios (Georgakopoulos)]]
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}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Seraphim (Tikas) of Athens|Seraphim (Tikas)]]|
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title=[[List of Archbishops of Athens|Archbishop of Athens]]|
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years=1998-2008|
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after=[[Ieronymos (Liapis) of Athens|Ieronymos (Liapis)]]
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}}
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{{end box}}
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==Source==
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*Archive of [http://web.archive.org/web/20070804185540/http://www.ecclesia.gr/english/archbishop/index.html Official biography]
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==Reference==
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*{{note|1}} [http://www.orthodoxnews.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=WorldNews.one&content_id=16478&CFID=82931385&CFTOKEN=41994833 Greek Church Leader's Transplant Stopped] by Rasha Madkour, Associated Press. October 8, 2007.
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==External links==
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* [[Wikipedia:Archbishop Christodoulos of Athens]]
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* George Gilson. [http://www.athensnews.gr/athweb/nathens.prnt_article?e=C&f=13271&t=01&m=A12&aa=1 Christodoulos shook Greek Church, State]. ATHENS NEWS , 25/01/2008, page: A12. ''(Career profile).''
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* [http://orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/hierarchs/greece/current.htm#christodoulos_archbishop Listing] at the Orthodox Research Institute
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* [http://evdomada.net/2008/01/28/archibishop-christodoulos-greece-deeply-moved/ Archibishop Christodoulos: Greece Deeply Moved]. ''Evdomada Einai … Kai Kylaei''. January 28, 2008.
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* BBC News. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/7212502.stm Greek Orthodox church head dies]. January 28, 2008.
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* CNN.com [http://www.cnn.com/2008/WORLD/europe/01/28/obit.christodoulos/index.html?iref=newssearch Archbishop of Greek Orthodox Church dies]. January 28, 2008.
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* {{el icon}} [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JXoPL8sTSSU Γ.Τράγκας: Δολοφονήθηκε ο Μακαριστός Χριστόδουλος;;;] YouTube. 42.33. (16/6/2013 - Από την εκπομπή "Ελεύθερος σκοπευτής" στον ΣΚΑΪ).
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===Speeches===
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/english/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=641&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Islam: the extent of the problematics]." 12 May 2007.  Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=504&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Course of the EU and the Attitude of the Church]." 27 February 2006. Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=500&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Apostle Paul between Athens and Jerusalem]." 10 June 2004.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=494&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Futurum]." 1 June 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=496&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Orthodox Theology and Ecumenical dialogue]." 1 June 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=491&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Address of H.B. Christodoulos, the Archbishop of Athens and all Greece, to the Members of the Presidium of the Conference of European Churches]." 3 March 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=492&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Presence of the Church on the Horizon of Europe]." 1 January 2003.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=488&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches On the Events of September 11, 2001]." 11 September 2001.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=505&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches TRANSPLANTS AND MAN: The view of the Church]." 8 November 1999. Transl. Dr Nikolaos C. Petropoulos.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=482&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches On Globalization]." 1 August 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=484&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches In honor and memory of General George Marshall]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=485&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Word and Role of Orthodoxy in the European Union]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=486&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches The Society of People in the Time of Post-Neoterism, of Holisticity and of Globalizaton]." 1 January 1999.
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*"[http://www.ecclesia.gr/English/archbishop/speeches.asp?cat_id=&id=483&what_main=3&what_sub=12&lang=en&archbishop_heading=Addresses/Speeches Jesus Christ in the Theology of Saint Gregory of Nyssa]." 1 September 1998.
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===Books===
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* Christodoulos Paraskevaides. ''Converted Hellenism: The transition from Αntiquity to Christianity''. Media Ecclesiastica, Athens, 2005.
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* Christodoulos Paraskevaides. ''The European Psyche''. Solidarity, Athens 2005. ([http://www.europeanspirit.gr/biblioteca/christodoulos_europa.html Excerpts]).
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* {{el icon}} ΤΖΟΥΜΑΣ Μ. ΣΩΤΗΡΗΣ. ''[http://www.politeianet.gr/index.php?page=shop.product_details&product_id=75397&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=89&lang=el ΧΡΙΣΤΟΔΟΥΛΟΣ].'' AMBELOS. Απρίλιος 2010. 216 pp. ISBN 9789609877824
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:20th-21st-century bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Demetrias]]
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[[Category:Archbishops of Athens]]

Latest revision as of 16:58, June 23, 2013

His Beatitude Christodoulos of Athens
His Beatitude Christodoulos (Paraskevaides), Archbishop of Athens and All Greece (1939-2008) was the primate of the Church of Greece from 1998 until his death in 2008.

Life

Christodoulos was born at Xanthi in 1939. In 1962 he graduated from the School of Law and in 1967 from the School of Theology. In 1961 he was ordained deacon, and priest in 1965. He served as a preacher and senior spiritual father at the Church of Assumption of the Virgin Mary at Palaio Phalero for nine years, and, for seven years he served as a Secretary of the Holy Synod. He took part in many religious missions abroad. He earned a Doctorate of Theology, as well as degrees in French and English, and he also spoke Italian and German. He was the author of many scientific and constructive books. He had written articles in religious press and in dailies.

He was elected Metropolitan of Demetrias in 1974 and Archbishop of Athens and all Greece in 1998.

"Christodoulos has often stirred controversy with politically tinged statements. He was instrumental in attempts to improve ties with the Catholic Church; in 2001, Christodoulos received in Athens Pope John Paul II—the first pope to visit Greece in nearly 1,300 years—ignoring loud protests from Orthodox believers. In 2006, he made a historic visit to the Vatican, where he and Pope Benedict XVI signed a joint declaration calling for inter-religious dialogue and restating opposition to abortion and euthanasia. In Greece, politicians accused the archbishop of meddling in their affairs, and were angered by his vocal criticism of everything from homosexuality and globalization to Turkey's efforts to join the European Union and government efforts to tone down nationalism in school history books." 1

He was a charismatic leader who engaged the youth of the country and who was also credited with reinvigorating the vast institution of the church in Greece during his tenure.

Death and Burial

In June 2007, after undergoing intestinal surgery in Athens the Archbishop was diagnosed with liver and colon cancer. He then waited fifty days in Miami, Florida for a compatible liver to become available. However, the transplant was halted in October 2007 after tumors were found in the archbishop's abdominal cavity. He died from the spread of cancer on January 28, 2008.

A four-day period of mourning was announced by the government of Greece following his death which included funeral plans befitting a head of state. His funeral was held on January 31, 2008. It was presided over by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, Patriarch Theophilos III of Jerusalem, Patriarch Theodore II of Alexandria, Patriarch Daniel of Romania, and was also attended by the Archbishop of Cyprus Chrysostomos II and the Archbishop of America Demetrios. The election of his successor was carried out by the Synod of the Metropolitans of the Church of Greece on February 7, 2008.

Despite the criticism, Archbishop Christodoulos proved to be one of the most popular archbishops in Greek history, having a particular rapport with young people.


Succession box:
Christodoulos (Paraskevaides) of Athens


Preceded by:
Elias (Tsakogiannis)
Metropolitan of Demetrias
1974-1998
Succeeded by:
Ignatios (Georgakopoulos)


Preceded by:
Seraphim (Tikas)
Archbishop of Athens
1998-2008
Succeeded by:
Ieronymos (Liapis)
Help with box



Source

Reference

External links

Speeches

Books

  • Christodoulos Paraskevaides. Converted Hellenism: The transition from Αntiquity to Christianity. Media Ecclesiastica, Athens, 2005.
  • Christodoulos Paraskevaides. The European Psyche. Solidarity, Athens 2005. (Excerpts).
  • (Greek) ΤΖΟΥΜΑΣ Μ. ΣΩΤΗΡΗΣ. ΧΡΙΣΤΟΔΟΥΛΟΣ. AMBELOS. Απρίλιος 2010. 216 pp. ISBN 9789609877824
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