Chorbishop

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Clergy
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Major orders
Bishop - Priest - Deacon
Minor orders
Subdeacon - Reader
Cantor - Acolyte
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Chorepiscopos - Exorcist
Doorkeeper - Deaconess - Presbytide
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Patriarch - Catholicos
Archbishop - Metropolitan
Auxiliary - Titular
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Archpriest - Protosyngellos
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Ordination - Vestments
Presbeia - Honorifics
Clergy awards - Exarch
Proistamenos - Vicar
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A chorepiscopos, or chorbishop, is an extinct office of clergy in the Church. The name is taken from the Greek Χωρεπίσκοπος, meaning "country bishop."

History

Chorepiscopi are first mentioned by the ecclesiastical historian Eusebius in the second century.1 In the days of the very Early Church, chorepiscopi seemed to have authority in rural districts, but in the second half of the third century they were subject to the urban episcopate, or metropolitans. The Synod of Ancyra (314) forbade them to ordain deacons and priests.

Disuse

The Council of Sardica in 343 decreed that chorepiscopi should not be consecrated where a priest would suffice, and so gradually their numbers substantially declined.2 In some dioceses, the title "chorbishop" is sometimes used as an alternative title for an auxiliary bishop. However, it should be noted that the functions of an auxiliary differ from this specific office.

References

  • 1 Ott, Michael T. (1913). “Chorepiscopi.” Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company
  • 2 Chorbishop – AmericanCatholic.org
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