Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia
The Orthodox Church in Italy (Chiesa Ortodossa in Italia) was founded in 1991 by Italian orthodox bishop Antonio (De Rosso), a former Roman Catholic priest, who became bishop of Aprilia and Latium under the jurisdiction of Metropolitan Cyprian of Oropos and Fili, a leader of Greek Old Calendarists movement. In 1993 the church joined Bulgarian Orthodox Church and in 1995 bishop Antonio was enthroned bishop of Ravenna and Italy. After 1997 the Orthodox Church in Italy remained linked with Patriarch Pimen's Bulgarian Alternative Synod and bishop Antonio became Metropolitan of Ravenna and Italy. During that year, the Orthodox Church in Italy was recognized as an autonomous church and Metropolitan Antonio became a full member of Pimen's Saint Synod. Nowadays, the Orthodox Church in Italy is in full communion with Bulgarian Alternative Synod, Montenegrin Orthodox Church, Ukrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev Patriarchy, Macedonian Orthodox Church and some small churches.