Cathedral of Mary Magdalen Equal to the Apostles (Warsaw)

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The Cathedral of Mary Magdalen Equal to the Apostles in Warsaw is the cathedral of [[Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church]], built in 1869.  
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[[Image:St. Mary Magdalene Cathedral (Warsaw).JPG|right|thumb|300px|Cathedral of Mary Magdalen, Equal to the Apostles]]
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The '''Cathedral of Mary Magdalen Equal to the Apostles''' in Warsaw, Poland is the [[cathedral]] of [[Church of Poland|Polish Orthodox Church]]. The cathedral was completed in 1869.  
  
This is the first orthodox church in Warsaw constructed as a separate building (before its construction, there were only private chapels). It was built on demand of prince Cherkasov, a Tsarist official responsible for internal affairs of Polish land incorporated to Russia in XVIIIth century, and for the development of Orthodoxy in this region. The place where the church was built was carefully chosen: on the other side of the road, there was a railway station connecting Warsaw to native Russian lands and the Orthodox church was to serve the coming and leaving passengers.  
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This was the first orthodox [[church]] in Warsaw constructed as a standalone building (before its construction, there were only private [[chapel]]s). It was built under the direction of Prince Cherkasov, the Tsarist official responsible for internal affairs in the Polish land incorporated into Russia in eighteenth century and for the development of Orthodoxy in this region. The place where the church was built was carefully chosen: it was on the other side of the road from the railway station that connected Warsaw to the central Russian lands. The Orthodox church was to serve the incoming and departing passengers.  
  
The construction started in June 1867. The main architect of the church was a Russian engineer named Palitsyn, while two artists named Vinogradov and Vasiliev made the frescoes inside and a magnificent, goldened [[iconostasis]]. It was planned to put gas lamps inside the church, but finally the authorities decided to stay with traditional lightning with candles. The tsar's wife, Maria Aleksandrovna, also contributed to the construction by funding some icons to the church. After two years, the building was complete.  
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Construction started in June 1867. The main architect of the church was a Russian engineer named Palitsyn, while two artists named Vinogradov and Vasiliev made the frescoes inside as well as the magnificent, golden [[iconostasis]]. There were plans to install gas lamps inside the church, but the authorities decided to stay with traditional lighting with candles. The tsar's wife, Maria Aleksandrovna, also contributed to the construction by funding some icons for the church. The cathedral was complete after construction period of two years.  
  
After Poland gained back its independence in 1918, the new authorities started a large-scaled action against Orthodoxy in the country, that in governmental plans was to be fully Roman Catholic. Most of Orthodox chapels and churches in Poland were destroyed and out of almost twenty such buildings in Warsaw only two were spared. Because of that, Mary Magdalen church in Warsaw suddenly became the most splendid Orthodox church in Poland and in 1921 was made its Metropolitan Cathedral.  
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After Poland regained its independence in 1918, the new government started a large-scaled program against Orthodoxy in Poland, in which the government planned to make the country fully [[Roman Catholic]]. Most of Orthodox chapels and churches in Poland were destroyed. Out of almost twenty churches in Warsaw only two were spared, one being the Mary Magdalen cathedral. Thus, the Mary Magdalen cathedral in Warsaw became the most splendid Orthodox church in Poland. In 1921, it was made the Metropolitan's Cathedral.  
  
It is located in Warsaw in Praga Północ district.  
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The Cathedral of Mary Magdalen is located in the Praga Północ district of Warsaw.  
  
 
== Sources ==
 
== Sources ==
 
* K. Sokoł, A. Sosna, ''Kopuły nad Wisłą. Prawosławne cerkwie w centralnej Polsce w latach 1815-1915'', Moskwa, MID "Synergia" 2003, ISBN 5-7368-0301-2
 
* K. Sokoł, A. Sosna, ''Kopuły nad Wisłą. Prawosławne cerkwie w centralnej Polsce w latach 1815-1915'', Moskwa, MID "Synergia" 2003, ISBN 5-7368-0301-2
  
[[Category:Churches]]
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[[Category:Churches|Mary Magdalen]]
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[[Category: Churches in Poland|Mary Magdalen]]
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[[Category:Orthodoxy in Poland|Mary Magdalen]]

Latest revision as of 13:13, October 22, 2012

Cathedral of Mary Magdalen, Equal to the Apostles

The Cathedral of Mary Magdalen Equal to the Apostles in Warsaw, Poland is the cathedral of Polish Orthodox Church. The cathedral was completed in 1869.

This was the first orthodox church in Warsaw constructed as a standalone building (before its construction, there were only private chapels). It was built under the direction of Prince Cherkasov, the Tsarist official responsible for internal affairs in the Polish land incorporated into Russia in eighteenth century and for the development of Orthodoxy in this region. The place where the church was built was carefully chosen: it was on the other side of the road from the railway station that connected Warsaw to the central Russian lands. The Orthodox church was to serve the incoming and departing passengers.

Construction started in June 1867. The main architect of the church was a Russian engineer named Palitsyn, while two artists named Vinogradov and Vasiliev made the frescoes inside as well as the magnificent, golden iconostasis. There were plans to install gas lamps inside the church, but the authorities decided to stay with traditional lighting with candles. The tsar's wife, Maria Aleksandrovna, also contributed to the construction by funding some icons for the church. The cathedral was complete after construction period of two years.

After Poland regained its independence in 1918, the new government started a large-scaled program against Orthodoxy in Poland, in which the government planned to make the country fully Roman Catholic. Most of Orthodox chapels and churches in Poland were destroyed. Out of almost twenty churches in Warsaw only two were spared, one being the Mary Magdalen cathedral. Thus, the Mary Magdalen cathedral in Warsaw became the most splendid Orthodox church in Poland. In 1921, it was made the Metropolitan's Cathedral.

The Cathedral of Mary Magdalen is located in the Praga Północ district of Warsaw.

Sources

  • K. Sokoł, A. Sosna, Kopuły nad Wisłą. Prawosławne cerkwie w centralnej Polsce w latach 1815-1915, Moskwa, MID "Synergia" 2003, ISBN 5-7368-0301-2
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