Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church
The Brahmavar (Goan) Orthodox Church is a self-governing branch of the Indian (Malankara) Orthodox Church. This is a uniate faction from the Roman Catholic Church, formed under the leadership of Bishop Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares in 1889 AD. It is under the Mumbai Diocese, Of Malanakara Orthodox Syrian Church.
The territory of Goa in south India was a colony of Portugal. Fr. Antonio who was a Roman Catholic priest at the time, opposed the ‘Concordot’ of the Pope and interference of the Government in the Church Administration. His pro-Independence periodicals which were also critical of the Roman Catholic Church were banned.
He left the Roman Church (Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Goa and Daman) with hundreds of Goan Catholic families and joined the Malankara Orthodox Church, and the Brahmavar community has come into existence since then as a part of the Indian Orthodox Church.
Antonio Francisco Xavier Alvares was ordained as the first Orthodox Metropolitan of Goa-Ceylon in 1889 AD by Paulose Mar Athanasious and Gheevarghese Mar Gregorios of Parumala at Orthodox Pazhaya Seminary.
After joining the Orthodox Church Mar Alvares was excommunicated by the Roman Catholic Church. He was excommunicated, stripped naked and paraded through the streets, and was persecuted by the Catholic Church and the Portuguese Government. Though he was advised by some of his old friends to reunite with the Catholic Church, especially when he was very sick, he refused and stuck to his Orthodox faith. For the common people he was a true Missionary, a patriot, and an apostle of charity.
Presently there are about 700 families in Goa in this self-governing part of Indian Orthodox Church. TheOrthodox Church of Goa has survived almost a century after the death of Bishop Alvares (+1923), and the Brahmawar mission remains still as a symbol of his work.