Book of Judges

From OrthodoxWiki
Revision as of 19:32, August 5, 2011 by Ixthis888 (Talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article forms part of the series on the
The Old Testament - Septuagint
or simply "LXX", the Koine Greek version
of the Hebrew Bible.
Pentateuch or "the Law"
1.Genesis | 2.Exodus | 3.Leviticus | 4.Numbers | 5.Deuteronomy
Historical Books
6.Joshua | 7.Judges | 8.Ruth

9.I Kingdoms | 10.II Kingdoms | 11.III Kingdoms | 12.IV Kingdoms
13.I Chronicles | 14.II Chronicles | 15.I Esdras | 16.II Esdras
17.Nehemiah | 18.Tobit | 19.Judith | 20.Esther with additions
21.I Maccabees | 22.II Maccabees | 23.III Maccabees

Books of Wisdom
24.Book of Psalms | 25.Job | 26.Proverbs
27.Ecclesiastes | 28.Song of Solomon
29.Wisdom of Solomon | 30.Wisdom of Sirach
The Prophets
The Minor Prophets, or "The Twelve"

31.Hosea | 32.Amos | 33.Micah | 34.Joel | 35.Obadiah | 36.Jonah
37.Nahum | 38.Habakkuk | 39.Zephania | 40.Haggai | 41.Zachariah
42.Malachi

The Major Prophets

43.Isaiah | 44.Jeremiah | 45.Baruch | 46.Lamentations
47.Letter of Jeremiah | 48.Ezekiel | 49.Daniel with additions

Appendix
IV Maccabees


The Book of Judges, is the first of the twelve Historical books and the sixth book from the Old Testament. The English title, Joshua, comes from the Hebrew Yeshua and the the Greek Iesous, meaning "the Lord is salvation". Joshua's original name was Hoshea but Moses changed this name to Joshua (Book of Numbers 13:16). This change was prophetic, for it made Joshua a type of Jesus Christ.

Contents

Authorship and writing

Traditionally believed to be Samuel. Judges (meaning "rulers") was written in Palestine, during his early ministry, three centuries after the entry of the tribes of Israel into Canaan under Joshua. It covers the events of those centuries.

The book is named for the thirteen judges of Israel: twelve raised up by God, one a usurper.

Major Theme

God's continual deliverance of a people that had forgotten Him and the Law.


This article or section is a stub (i.e., in need of additional material). You can help OrthodoxWiki by expanding it.


Background

The Israelites had been settled for nearly three hundred years in Canaan. This time coincides with the beginning of the Iron Age in the Middle East. The Israelites began their apostasy after the death of Joshua. They did not drive out the Canaanites as God had commanded them to do through Moses. Instead, they intermarried with their pagan neighbors and began worshipping Baal.

The judges were to bring deliverance, protection and military leadership; to settle differences, judge lawsuits, and administer justice. Israel was a theocracy; the judges were not kings but deputies of God sent to save the people from seven different apostasies. The office was not continual; rather, judges were raised up as oppressive circumstances required.

Outline

  1. Failure to complete the Canaanite Conquest (1:1-3:6)
  2. Oppression and Deliverance: Judges vs. the Nations (3:7-16:31)
  3. Religious and Moral disorder (17:1-18:31)
  4. The War Against Benjamin (19:1-21:25)
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox