Bishops of the Russian Metropolia in North America

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (link)
m (link)
 
(38 intermediate revisions by 7 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
 
{{orthodoxyinamerica}}
The expanse of the mission placed by the [[Church of Russia]] slowly expanded from the distant outpost in Alaska to a [[diocese]] that covered Alaska and the eastern expanse of northern Siberia. This diocese then developed two vicariates that eventually became separate dioceses. This list of [[hierarch]]s presents those [[bishop]]s who provided the leadership in the development of this mission in North America until the mission was granted its autocephaly.
+
The presence of the [[Church of Russia]] slowly expanded from the distant outpost in Alaska to a [[diocese]] that covered Alaska and the eastern expanse of northern Siberia. This diocese then developed two vicariates that eventually became separate dioceses. This list of [[bishops]]s includes those who provided the leadership in the development of the Russian church presence in North America, following the group that became known as the "Metropolia" and is now known as the [[OCA]].
  
Starting as a vicariate in a distant diocese, the mission soon became part of the large missionary diocese that included Alaska and the northeastern part of Siberia where initially the seat of the ruling bishop was in Alaska but was moved to Siberia before Alaska was sold to the United States. After the sale of Alaska the vicariate in Alaska was reformed as an autonomous diocese with the bishop's seat moved to California, outside the territory of Alaska. With the growth of the Orthodox population in the eastern part of North America, the name of the diocese was changed to include all North America and the ruling bishop's seat was moved to New York. As the diocese grew auxiliary bishops were consecrated to cover the vast area and the cultural needs of the faithful. In the closing decades of the mission many of the auxiliary bishops began to function as autonomous dioceses.
+
Starting as a vicariate in a distant diocese, the mission soon became part of the large missionary diocese that included Alaska and the northeastern part of Siberia where initially the seat of the ruling bishop was in Alaska but was moved to Siberia before Alaska was sold to the United States. After the sale of Alaska the vicariate in Alaska was reformed as an autonomous diocese with the bishop's seat moved to California, outside the territory of Alaska. With the growth of the Orthodox population in the eastern part of North America, the name of the diocese was changed to include all North America and the ruling bishop's seat was eventually moved to New York. As the diocese grew, auxiliary bishops were consecrated to cover the vast area and the cultural needs of the faithful. In the decades prior to the 1970 grant of [[autocephaly]] many of the auxiliary bishops began to function as autonomous heads of dioceses.
  
The information following lists the bishops that occupied the ruling and vicar bishop positions during the era of the mission, listed in the succession from the point of view of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] (OCA) rather than that of the [[Church of Russia]], whose succession diverges officially at the point of the establishment of the [[Russian Exarchate of North America]] in 1933.
+
The information following lists the bishops that occupied the ruling and vicar bishop positions prior to the grant of autocephaly, listed in the succession from the point of view of the [[Orthodox Church in America]] (OCA) rather than that of the [[Church of Russia]], whose succession diverges officially at the point of the establishment of the [[Russian Exarchate of North America]] in 1933.
  
==Early Years==
+
==Early years==
*'''Diocese of Irkutsk'''
+
===Diocese of Irkutsk===
*Vicariate of Kodiak [[Joasaph (Bolotov) of Kodiak |Joasaph (Bolotov)]] 1799-1799
+
*Vicariate of Kodiak: [[Joasaph (Bolotov) of Kodiak|Joasaph (Bolotov)]] 1799-1799
 
*'''Diocese of Kamachata, Kurile Islands, and the Aleutian Islands'''
 
*'''Diocese of Kamachata, Kurile Islands, and the Aleutian Islands'''
*See: New Archangel: [[Innocent of Alaska|Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov)]] 1840 - 1852
+
*See: New Archangel: [[Innocent of Alaska|Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov)]] 1840-1852
*See: Yakutsk: Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov) 1852 - 1868
+
*See: Yakutsk: Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov) 1852-1868
 
*Vicariates:  Two vicariates established 1858: New Archangel and Yakutsk
 
*Vicariates:  Two vicariates established 1858: New Archangel and Yakutsk
*New Archangel: [[Peter (Ekaterinovsky) of Novoarkhangelsk|Peter (Ekatrinovsky)]] 1859 - 1867
+
*New Archangel: [[Peter (Ekaterinovsky) of Novoarkhangelsk|Peter (Ekatrinovsky)]] 1859-1867
*Yakutsk: Peter (Ekatrinovsky) 1867 - 1882
+
*Yakutsk: Peter (Ekatrinovsky) 1867-1882
*Sitka/New Archangel: [[Paul (Popov) of Novoarkhangelsk|Paul (Popov)]] 1867 - 1870
+
*Sitka/New Archangel: [[Paul (Popov) of Novoarkhangelsk|Paul (Popov)]] 1867-1870
*'''Diocese of Aleutian Islands and Alaska'''
+
===Diocese of Aleutian Islands and Alaska===
 
*See: Sitka, formerly New Archangel, from 1870
 
*See: Sitka, formerly New Archangel, from 1870
 
*See: San Francisco from 1872
 
*See: San Francisco from 1872
** [[John (Mitropolsky) of the Aleutians |John (Mitropolsky)]] 1870 - 1876
+
**[[John (Mitropolsky) of the Aleutians|John (Mitropolsky)]] 1870-1876
** [[Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutians|Nestor (Zakkis)]] 1879 - 1882
+
**[[Nestor (Zakkis) of the Aleutians|Nestor (Zakkis)]] 1879-1882
** [[Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov) of the Aleutians |Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov)]] 1888 - 1891
+
**[[Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov) of the Aleutians|Vladimir (Sokolovsky-Avtonomov)]] 1888-1891
** [[Nicholas (Ziorov) of Warsaw|Nicholas (Ziorov)]] 1891 - 1898
+
**[[Nicholas (Ziorov) of Warsaw|Nicholas (Ziorov)]] 1891-1898
** [[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon (Bellavin)]] 1898 - 1900
+
**[[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon (Bellavin)]] 1898-1900
  
 
==Maturing Church==
 
==Maturing Church==
*'''Diocese of Aleutian Islands and North America'''
+
===Diocese of Aleutian Islands and North America===
 
*Change in the name of the diocese in 1900
 
*Change in the name of the diocese in 1900
 
*See: New York from 1905
 
*See: New York from 1905
*'''New York''': Tikhon (Bellavin) 1900 - 1907
+
*'''New York''': Tikhon (Bellavin) 1900-1907
 
*Vicariates:  First Vicariates established 1903: Alaska and Brooklyn
 
*Vicariates:  First Vicariates established 1903: Alaska and Brooklyn
*Alaska: Innocent (Pustynsky) 1904 - 1909
+
*Alaska: [[Innocent (Pustynsky) of Alaska|Innocent (Pustynsky)]] 1904-1909
*Brooklyn: [[Raphael of Brooklyn|Raphael (Hawaweeny)]] 1904 - 1915
+
*Brooklyn: [[Raphael of Brooklyn|Raphael (Hawaweeny)]] 1904-1915
*Alaska: [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels|Alexander (Nemolovsky)]] 1909 - 1915
+
*Alaska: [[Alexander (Nemolovsky) of Brussels|Alexander (Nemolovsky)]] 1909-1915
*Canada: Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1916 - 1919
+
*Canada: Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1916-1919
*'''New York''': [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York|Platon (Rozhdestvensky)]] 1907 - 1914
+
*'''New York''': [[Platon (Rozhdestvensky) of New York|Platon (Rozhdestvensky)]] 1907-1914
*Alaska: Philip (Stavitsky) 1916 - 1917
+
*Alaska: [[Philip (Stavitsky) of Alaska|Philip (Stavitsky)]] 1916-1917
*'''New York''': [[Evdokim (Meschersky) of the Aleutians | Evdokim (Mischersky)]] 1915 - 1917
+
*'''New York''': [[Evdokim (Meschersky) of the Aleutians|Evdokim (Mischersky)]] 1915-1917
*Pittsburgh: [[Stephen (Dzubay) of Pittsburgh|Stephen (Dzubay)]] 1916 - 1924
+
*Pittsburgh: [[Stephen (Dzubay) of Pittsburgh|Stephen (Dzubay)]] 1916-1924
*Brooklyn: [[Aftimios Ofiesh|Aftimios (Ofiesh)]] 1917 - 1933
+
*Brooklyn: [[Aftimios Ofiesh|Aftimios (Ofiesh)]] 1917-1933
*'''New York''': Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1919 - 1922
+
*'''New York''': Alexander (Nemolovsky) 1919-1922
*'''New York''': Platon (Rozhdestvensky) 1922 - 1934
+
*'''New York''': Platon (Rozhdestvensky) 1922-1934
*Chicago: [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco| Theophilus (Pashkovsky)]] 1922 - 1931
+
*Chicago: [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco|Theophilus (Pashkovsky)]] 1922-1931
*Alaska: Amphilokhy (Vakulsky) 1923 - 1931?
+
*Alaska: [[Amphilokhy (Vakulsky) of Alaska|Amphilokhy (Vakulsky)]] 1923-1931
*Canada/Winnipeg:   [[Apollinary (Koshevoy) of San Francisco|Apollinary (Koshevoy)]]                               1924 - 1925
+
*Canada/Winnipeg: [[Apollinary (Koshevoy) of San Francisco|Apollinary (Koshevoy)]] 1924-1925
*Canada/Winnipeg: [[Arseny (Chavtsov) of Winnipeg| Arseny (Chavtsov)]] 1926 -1937
+
*Canada/Winnipeg: [[Arseny (Chavtsov) of Winnipeg|Arseny (Chavtsov)]] 1926-1937
*Canada/Montreal: Emmanuel  (Abo-Hatab) 1927 - 1933
+
*Canada/Montreal: [[Emmanuel (Abo-Hatab) of Brooklyn|Emmanuel  (Abo-Hatab)]] 1927-1931
*San Francisco: Alexis (Panteleev) 1927 - 1931
+
*San Francisco: [[Alexis (Panteleyev) of Alaska|Alexis (Panteleev)]] 1927-1931
*Detroit: Paul (Gavrilov) 1928 - 1933
+
*Detroit: [[Paul (Gavrilov) of Chicago|Paul (Gavrilov)]] 1928-1933
*San Francisco: Theophilus (Pashkovsky) 1931 - 1934
+
*San Francisco: [[Theophilus (Pashkovsky) of San Francisco|Theophilus (Pashkovsky)]] 1931-1934
*Alaska: Antoninos (Pokrovsky) 1931 - 1934
+
*Alaska: [[Antoninus (Pokrovsky) of Alaska|Antoninus (Pokrovsky)]] 1931-1934
*Brooklyn: Emmanuel  (Abo-Hatab) 1931 - 1935?
+
*Brooklyn: Emmanuel  (Abo-Hatab) 1931-1933
*Chicago: Paul (Gavrilov) 1933 - 1933
+
*Chicago: Paul (Gavrilov) 1933-1933
*Chicago: [[Leonty (Turkevich) of Chicago| Leonty (Turkevich)]] 1933 - 1950
+
*Chicago: [[Leonty (Turkevich) of Chicago|Leonty (Turkevich)]] 1933-1950
*Pittsburgh: [[Benjamin (Basalyga) of Pittsburgh|Benjamin (Basalyga)]] 1933 - 1946
+
*Pittsburgh: [[Benjamin (Basalyga) of Pittsburgh|Benjamin (Basalyga)]] 1933-1946
*Alaska: Alexis (Panteleev) 1934 - 1944
+
*Alaska: Alexis (Panteleev) 1934-1944
*'''New York''': Theophilus (Pashkovsky) 1934 - 1950
+
*'''New York''': Theophilus (Pashkovsky) 1934-1950
*Boston: [[Makary (Ilyinsky) of New York | Makary (Iliyinsky)]] 1935 - 1937
+
*Boston: [[Makary (Ilyinsky) of New York|Makary (Iliyinsky)]] 1935-1937
*Canada/Eastern Canada: Jeronim (Chernov)       1936-1937
+
*Canada/Eastern Canada: [[Jeronim (Chernov) of Detroit|Jeronim (Chernov)]] 1936-1937
*Brooklyn: Makary (Iliyinsky) 1937 - 1946
+
*Boston: [[Dimtry (Magan) of Boston|Dimitry (Magan)]] 1937-1960
*Canada/Calgary: Joasaph (Skorodumov)             1938-1946
+
*Brooklyn: Makary (Iliyinsky) 1937-1946
*Alaska: John (Zlobin) 1945 - 1952
+
*Canada/Calgary: Joasaph (Skorodumov) 1938-1946
*Tokyo: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1946 - 1952
+
*Alaska: John (Zlobin) 1945-1952
*Brooklyn: [[John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco| John (Shahovskoy)]] 1947 - 1950
+
*Tokyo: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1946-1952
*Philadelphia: [[Nikon (de Greve) of Brooklyn|Nikon (de Greve)]] 1948 - 1952
+
*Pittsburgh:[[Dionysius (Diachenko) of San Francisco|Dionysius (Diachenko) of Pittsburgh]]  1947-1952
*Detroit/Cleveland: John (Garklavs) 1949 - 1957
+
*Brooklyn: [[John (Shahovskoy) of San Francisco|John (Shahovskoy)]] 1947-1950
*'''New York''': Leonty (Turkevich) 1950 - 1965
+
*Philadelphia: [[Nikon (de Greve) of Brooklyn|Nikon (de Greve)]] 1948-1952
*San Francisco: John (Shahovskoy) 1950 - 1973
+
*Detroit/Cleveland: [[John (Garklavs) of Chicago|John (Garklavs)]] 1949-1957
*Washington, DC: Jonah (?) 1951 - 1955
+
*'''New York''': Leonty (Turkevich) 1950-1965
*Pittsburgh: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1952 - 1963  
+
*San Francisco: John (Shahovskoy) 1950-1973
*Canada/Toronto:     Nikon (de Greve)     1952 - 1958
+
*Washington, DC: [[Jonah (Stahlberg) of Washington|Jonah (Stahlberg)]] 1951-1955
*Tokyo: [[Ireney (Bekish) of New York| Ireney (Bekish)]] 1953 - 1959
+
*Pittsburgh: Benjamin (Basalyga) 1952-1963  
*Alaska: Amvrossy (Merejko) 1955 - 1967
+
*Canada/Toronto: Nikon (de Greve) 1952-1958
*Chicago/Minneapolis: John (Garklavs) 1957 -  
+
*Tokyo: [[Ireney (Bekish) of New York|Ireney (Bekish)]] 1953-1959
*Tokyo: Nikon (de Greve) 1959 - 1963
+
*Alaska: [[Amvrossy (Merejko) of Pittsburgh|Amvrossy (Merejko)]] 1955-1967
*Boston: Ireney (Bekish) 1960 - 1965
+
*Chicago/Minneapolis: John (Garklavs) 1957-1978
*Canada/Montreal:       Anatoloy (Apostlov)       1961-1962
+
*Tokyo: Nikon (de Greve) 1959-1963
*Washington, DC: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1961 - 1964
+
*Boston: Ireney (Bekish) 1960 - 1965
*Kyoto: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1962 - 1964
+
*Canada/Montreal: Anatoloy (Apostlov) 1961-1962
*Canada/Montreal: [[Sylvester (Haruns) of Montreal| Sylvester (Haruns)]] 1963 - 1981
+
*Washington, DC: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1961-1964
*Philadelphia: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1964 - 1980
+
*Kyoto: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1962-1964
*Tokyo: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1964 - 1972
+
*Canada/Montreal: [[Sylvester (Haruns) of Montreal|Sylvester (Haruns)]] 1963-1981
*'''New York''': Ireney (Bekish) 1965 - 1977
+
*Philadelphia: [[Kiprian (Borisevich) of Philadelphia|Kiprian (Borisevitch)]] 1964-1980
*Washington, DC: Theodosius (Lazor) 1967 - 1967
+
*Tokyo: [[Vladimir (Nagosky) of San Francisco|Vladimir (Nagosky)]] 1964-1972
*Sitka/Alaska: Theodosius (Lazor) 1967 - 1972
+
*'''New York''': Ireney (Bekish) 1965-1977
*Pittsburgh: Amvrossy (Merejko) 1967 -  
+
*Washington, DC: [[Theodosius (Lazor) of Washington|Theodosius (Lazor)]] 1967
*Canada/Edmonton: Joasph (Antoniuk) 1968 - 1978
+
*Sitka/Alaska: [[Theodosius (Lazor) of Washington|Theodosius (Lazor)]] 1967-1972
*Berkeley: [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas| Dimitri (Royster)]] 1969 - 1970
+
*Pittsburgh: Amvrossy (Merejko) 1967-1974
 +
*Canada/Edmonton: Joasph (Antoniuk) 1968-1978
 +
*Berkeley: [[Dmitri (Royster) of Dallas|Dimitri (Royster)]] 1969-1970
  
Tomos of [[Autocephaly]], signed April 10, 1970 by [[Patriarch]] [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexis of Moscow]], formally ending the mission and granting self-rule to the Russian North American diocese.
+
The [[tomos]] of [[autocephaly]], signed [[April 10]], 1970, by [[Patriarch]] [[Alexei I (Simansky) of Moscow|Alexis of Moscow]], formally ended the mission and granted self-rule to the Russian North American diocese.
  
== See Also ==
+
==See also==
 
*[[Bishop of San Francisco]]
 
*[[Bishop of San Francisco]]
 +
*[[List of American bishops]]
  
== Source==
+
==Source==
* ''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York
+
*''Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America'', C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York
  
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
 
[[Category:Church History]]
[[Category:Orthodoxy in America]]
 

Latest revision as of 17:29, September 11, 2012

This article forms part of the series
Orthodoxy in America
Orthodox us.gif
History
American Orthodox Timeline
American Orthodox Bibliography
Byzantines on OCA autocephaly
Ligonier Meeting
ROCOR and OCA
People
Saints - Bishops - Writers
Jurisdictions
Antiochian - Bulgarian
OCA - Romanian - Moscow
ROCOR - Serbian

Ecumenical Patriarchate:
Albanian - Carpatho-Russian
Belarusian - Greek - Ukrainian
Palestinian/Jordanian

Monasteries
Seminaries
Christ the Saviour
Holy Cross
Holy Trinity
St. Herman's
St. Tikhon's
St. Sava's
St. Sophia's
St. Vladimir's
Organizations
Episcopal Assembly
AOI - EOCS - IOCC - OCEC
OCF - OCL - OCMC - OCPM - OCLife
OISM - OTSA - SCOBA - SOCHA
Groups
Amer. Orthodox Catholic Church
Brotherhood of St. Moses the Black
Evangelical Orthodox Church
Holy Order of MANS/CSB
Society of Clerks Secular of St. Basil
Edit this box

The presence of the Church of Russia slowly expanded from the distant outpost in Alaska to a diocese that covered Alaska and the eastern expanse of northern Siberia. This diocese then developed two vicariates that eventually became separate dioceses. This list of bishopss includes those who provided the leadership in the development of the Russian church presence in North America, following the group that became known as the "Metropolia" and is now known as the OCA.

Starting as a vicariate in a distant diocese, the mission soon became part of the large missionary diocese that included Alaska and the northeastern part of Siberia where initially the seat of the ruling bishop was in Alaska but was moved to Siberia before Alaska was sold to the United States. After the sale of Alaska the vicariate in Alaska was reformed as an autonomous diocese with the bishop's seat moved to California, outside the territory of Alaska. With the growth of the Orthodox population in the eastern part of North America, the name of the diocese was changed to include all North America and the ruling bishop's seat was eventually moved to New York. As the diocese grew, auxiliary bishops were consecrated to cover the vast area and the cultural needs of the faithful. In the decades prior to the 1970 grant of autocephaly many of the auxiliary bishops began to function as autonomous heads of dioceses.

The information following lists the bishops that occupied the ruling and vicar bishop positions prior to the grant of autocephaly, listed in the succession from the point of view of the Orthodox Church in America (OCA) rather than that of the Church of Russia, whose succession diverges officially at the point of the establishment of the Russian Exarchate of North America in 1933.

Contents

[edit] Early years

[edit] Diocese of Irkutsk

  • Vicariate of Kodiak: Joasaph (Bolotov) 1799-1799
  • Diocese of Kamachata, Kurile Islands, and the Aleutian Islands
  • See: New Archangel: Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov) 1840-1852
  • See: Yakutsk: Innocent (Veniaminov-Popov) 1852-1868
  • Vicariates: Two vicariates established 1858: New Archangel and Yakutsk
  • New Archangel: Peter (Ekatrinovsky) 1859-1867
  • Yakutsk: Peter (Ekatrinovsky) 1867-1882
  • Sitka/New Archangel: Paul (Popov) 1867-1870

[edit] Diocese of Aleutian Islands and Alaska

[edit] Maturing Church

[edit] Diocese of Aleutian Islands and North America

The tomos of autocephaly, signed April 10, 1970, by Patriarch Alexis of Moscow, formally ended the mission and granted self-rule to the Russian North American diocese.

[edit] See also

[edit] Source

  • Orthodox America 1794-1976 Development of the Orthodox Church in America, C. J. Tarasar, Gen. Ed. 1975, The Orthodox Church in America, Syosett, New York
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox