Benjamin I of Constantinople

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His All-Holiness '''Benjamin I''' (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the [[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|266th Successor]] to the [[Apostle Andrew]] and [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople]] from (1936-1946).
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==Early life==
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He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the [[Halki|Theological School of Halki]]. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Silyvria, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of [[Nicaea]] and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.
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==Election controversy and patriarchate ==
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Following the death of Patriarch [[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occurred as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on [[January 18]], 1936, the [[Holy Synod]] instead elected [[Metropolitan]] Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.
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Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on [[February 17]], 1946.
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==Sources==
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople&oldid=84278702 ''Patriarch Benjamin I of Constantinople'' at Wikipedia]
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*[http://el.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD&oldid=276629 ''Πατριάρχης Βενιαμίν'' at Wikipedia] (Greek)
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*[http://www.ec-patr.org/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Benjamin]
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius II]]|
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
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years=1936-1946|
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after=[[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus V]]}}
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{{end box}}
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[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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Revision as of 03:39, June 10, 2008

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