Benjamin I of Constantinople

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== Election Controversy and Patriarchate ==
 
== Election Controversy and Patriarchate ==
  
Following the death of [[Photius II|Patriarch Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then [[Metropolitan of Chalcedon]], and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occured as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on 18 January 1936, the Holy Synod instead elected Metropolitan Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.
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Following the death of [[Photius II of Constantinople|Patriarch Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then [[Metropolitan of Chalcedon]], and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occured as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on 18 January 1936, the Holy Synod instead elected Metropolitan Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.
  
 
Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by [[P. Aggelopoulos]]. Patriarch Benjamin died on 17 February 1946.
 
Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by [[P. Aggelopoulos]]. Patriarch Benjamin died on 17 February 1946.
  
 
== Sources ==
 
== Sources ==
 
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*[[w:Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople|Wikipedia article]]
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople Wikipedia]
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*[http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD Greek Language Wikipedia]
 
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*[http://www.ec-patr.gr/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Ecumenical Patriarchate]
[http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD Greek Language Wikipedia]
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[http://www.ec-patr.gr/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Ecumenical Patriarchate]
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{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=[[Photius II]]|
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before=[[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius II]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
years=1936-1946|
 
years=1936-1946|
after=[[Maximus V]]}}
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after=[[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus V]]}}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
  
 
[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]
 
[[Category:Bishops]]

Revision as of 13:13, November 29, 2006

File:Benjamin1.jpg
Patriarch Benjamin I

His All-Holiness Benjamin I (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the 266th Successor to the Apostle Andrew and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from (1936-1946).

Early Life

He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the Theological School of Halki. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Σηλυβρείας, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of Nicaea and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.

Election Controversy and Patriarchate

Following the death of Patriarch Photius in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, Maximus. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occured as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on 18 January 1936, the Holy Synod instead elected Metropolitan Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.

Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the Patriarchal Palace in the Phanar. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on 17 February 1946.

Sources


Succession box:
Benjamin I of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Photius II
Patriarch of Constantinople
1936-1946
Succeeded by:
Maximus V
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