Benjamin I of Constantinople

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His All-Holiness '''Benjamin I (Kiriakou)''' (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the [[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|266th Successor]] to the [[Apostle Andrew]] and [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople]] from 1936 to 1946.
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==Early life==
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He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the [[Halki|Theological School of Halki]]. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Silyvria, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of [[Nicea]] and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.
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==Election controversy and patriarchate ==
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Following the death of Patriarch [[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occurred as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on [[January 18]], 1936, the [[Holy Synod]] instead elected [[Metropolitan]] Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.
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Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on [[February 17]], 1946.
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==Sources==
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople&oldid=84278702 ''Patriarch Benjamin I of Constantinople'' at Wikipedia]
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*[http://el.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD&oldid=276629 ''Πατριάρχης Βενιαμίν'' at Wikipedia] (Greek)
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*[http://www.ec-patr.org/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Benjamin]
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*[http://www.imr.gr/content.php?menuid=23    History of the Diocese Rhodes]  In Greek
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{{start box}}
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{{succession|
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before=Gerasimos|
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title=Metropolitan of Rhodes|
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years=1912 - 1913|
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after=Apostolos I (Triphonos)}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Silyvria|
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years=1913 - ?|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Philippolis|
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years=? - 1921|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Nicea|
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years=1921 - 1933|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
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title=Metropolitan of Iraklion|
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years=1933 - 1936|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
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before=[[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius II]]|
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title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
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years=1936-1946|
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after=[[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus V]]}}
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{{end box}}
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[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Rhodes]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]

Revision as of 11:08, November 24, 2012

His All-Holiness Benjamin I (Kiriakou) (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the 266th Successor to the Apostle Andrew and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1936 to 1946.

Early life

He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the Theological School of Halki. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Silyvria, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of Nicea and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.

Election controversy and patriarchate

Following the death of Patriarch Photius in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, Maximus. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occurred as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on January 18, 1936, the Holy Synod instead elected Metropolitan Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.

Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the Patriarchal Palace in the Phanar. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on February 17, 1946.

Sources


Succession box:
Benjamin I of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Gerasimos
Metropolitan of Rhodes
1912 - 1913
Succeeded by:
Apostolos I (Triphonos)
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Silyvria
1913 - ?
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Philippolis
? - 1921
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Nicea
1921 - 1933
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Iraklion
1933 - 1936
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Photius II
Patriarch of Constantinople
1936-1946
Succeeded by:
Maximus V
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