Benjamin I of Constantinople

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[[Image:Benjamin1.jpg|thumb|Patriarch Benjamin I]]
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His All-Holiness '''Benjamin I (Kiriakou)''' (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the [[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|266th Successor]] to the [[Apostle Andrew]] and [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople]] from 1936 to 1946.
  
His All-Holiness '''Benjamin I''' (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the [[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|266th Successor]] to the [[Apostle Andrew]] and [[Church of Constantinople|Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople]] from (1936-1946).
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==Early life==
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He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the [[Halki|Theological School of Halki]]. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Silyvria, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of [[Nicea]] and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.
  
He was born in the village of Stypsi in [[Lesvos]] in 1871 and later studied at the [[Halki|Theological School of Halki]]. In 1912 he became [[Metropolitan of Rhodes]], and in 1913, [[Metropolitan of Σηλυβρείας]], and then later, [[Metropolitan of Philippolis]]. In 1921 he was elected [[Metropolitan of Nicaea]] and in 1933 as [[Metropolitan of Iraklion]].
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==Election controversy and patriarchate ==
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Following the death of Patriarch [[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occurred as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on [[January 18]], 1936, the [[Holy Synod]] instead elected [[Metropolitan]] Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.
  
Following the death of [[Photius II|Patriarch Photius]] in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then [[Metropolitan of Chalcedon]], and later Patriarch, [[Maximus V|Maximus]]. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occured as a result of a relationship between the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale and Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who tried to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate. However, the Holy Synod instead elected Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6.  
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Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on [[February 17]], 1946.
  
During his patriarchate in 1941 a great fire destroyed the [[Patriarchal Palace]] in the [[Phanar]]. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by [[P. Aggelopoulos]].
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==Sources==
 
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople&oldid=84278702 ''Patriarch Benjamin I of Constantinople'' at Wikipedia]
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*[http://el.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD&oldid=276629 ''Πατριάρχης Βενιαμίν'' at Wikipedia] (Greek)
 
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*[http://www.ec-patr.org/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Benjamin]
The Veniamin was Patriarch Istamboul from 18 January 1936 until 17 February 1946.
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*[http://www.imr.gr/content.php?menuid=23    History of the Diocese Rhodes]  In Greek
 
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In 1935, afterwards the death of Patriarch Fwtj'oy of B, his more likely successor they was considered the then Metropolite Halkido'nos (and later Patriarch) Ma'xjmos. However, the Prefect Istamboul erased (as he has right) their Halkido'nos Ma'xjmo and De'rkwn Jwakej'm from the list eklogj'mwn. It is considered that this happened because the then Minister of Internal Turkey and deputy of province Tsana'kale, where depends and Imbros, was connected with the Metropolite Imbros and Tenedos Ja'kwvo. It is considered therefore that with his own command were erased the two prevailing candidates, so that is promoted the Metropolite Imbros as Oecumenical Patriarch.
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The Hierarchy however elected the Metropolite Iraklej'as Veniamin, with votes seven opposite six. At the duration of election and encro'njsis were marked episodes and e'ktropa that him tarnished, while the new Patriarch Veniamin, 64 years then, was disapproved from part of his ekklisja'smatos at encro'njsi'.
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Despite the unfavourable conditions of election and despite the outbreak of B of World War that happened at the duration of his Patriarchy, this can be characterized as achieved and consolidating for the Oecumenical Patriarchate, in a difficult period of his History. Mallow point was the big fire 1941, which destroyed big part of Patrjarhjkoy' of House in the Lantern (damage which was restored completely hardly in 1989).
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The Patriarch Veniamin died on 17 February 1946.
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---
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[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patriarch_Benjamin_I_of_Constantinople Wikipedia]
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[http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/%CE%A0%CE%B1%CF%84%CF%81%CE%B9%CE%AC%CF%81%CF%87%CE%B7%CF%82_%CE%92%CE%B5%CE%BD%CE%B9%CE%B1%CE%BC%CE%AF%CE%BD Greek Language Wikipedia]
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[http://www.ec-patr.gr/list/index.php?lang=en&id=324 Ecumenical Patriarchate]
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{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=[[Photius II]]|
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before=Gerasimos|
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title=Metropolitan of Rhodes|
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years=1912 - 1913|
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after=Apostolos I (Triphonos)}}
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{{succession|
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before=?|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Silyvria|
 +
years=1913 - ?|
 +
after=?}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=?|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Philippolis|
 +
years=? - 1921|
 +
after=?}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=?|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Nicea|
 +
years=1921 - 1933|
 +
after=?}}
 +
{{succession|
 +
before=?|
 +
title=Metropolitan of Iraklion|
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years=1933 - 1936|
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after=?}}
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{{succession|
 +
before=[[Photius II of Constantinople|Photius II]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Constantinople|Patriarch of Constantinople]]|
 
years=1936-1946|
 
years=1936-1946|
after=[[Maximus V]]}}
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after=[[Maximus V of Constantinople|Maximus V]]}}
 
{{end box}}
 
{{end box}}
  
{{stub}}
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[[Category:Patriarchs of Constantinople]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Bishops of Rhodes]]
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[[Category:20th-century bishops]]

Revision as of 11:08, November 24, 2012

His All-Holiness Benjamin I (Kiriakou) (Greek: Βενιαμίν A') (1871-1946), was the 266th Successor to the Apostle Andrew and Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople from 1936 to 1946.

Early life

He was born in the village of Stypsi in Lesvos in 1871 and later studied at the Theological School of Halki. In 1912 he became Metropolitan of Rhodes, and in 1913, Metropolitan of Silyvria, and then later, Metropolitan of Philippolis. In 1921 he was elected Metropolitan of Nicea and in 1933 as Metropolitan of Iraklion.

Election controversy and patriarchate

Following the death of Patriarch Photius in 1935, his most likely successor was considered the then Metropolitan of Chalcedon, and later Patriarch, Maximus. However, the Prefect of Istanbul eliminated (as was his right) Maximus and Joachim from the election. It is believed this may have occurred as a result of a relationship between Iakovos, Metropolitan of Imbros and Tenedos, who was trying to promote his own candidacy for the Patriarchate and the Turkish Interior Minister and Deputy of Canakkale (of which Imbros and Tenedos were a dependency). However, on January 18, 1936, the Holy Synod instead elected Metropolitan Benjamin by a vote of 7 to 6. The contentious nature of the election would prove to make relations within the Patriarchate difficult.

Despite the unfavorable conditions of his election and the outbreak of World War II, his reign can be characterized as having consolidated the Patriarchate during a difficult period in its history. Also during this time, in 1941 a great fire destroyed the Patriarchal Palace in the Phanar. A new Palace was erected in 1989 by P. Aggelopoulos. Patriarch Benjamin died on February 17, 1946.

Sources


Succession box:
Benjamin I of Constantinople
Preceded by:
Gerasimos
Metropolitan of Rhodes
1912 - 1913
Succeeded by:
Apostolos I (Triphonos)
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Silyvria
1913 - ?
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Philippolis
? - 1921
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Nicea
1921 - 1933
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Iraklion
1933 - 1936
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Photius II
Patriarch of Constantinople
1936-1946
Succeeded by:
Maximus V
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