Basil of Ancyra

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Hieromartyr '''Basil of Ancyra''', was a priest in Ancyra, Galatia during the fourth century.<ref name="CO">[http://www.catholic.org/saints/saint.php?saint_id=1705 St. Basil of Ancyra] at Catholic Online</ref>  Very meager information about his life is preserved in a metaphrastic work: “Life and Deeds of the Martyred Priest Basil.” He fought against the pagans and the Arians. Basil defended Bishop Marcellus against the prelate being deposed by the Arians. Twice Marcellus was deposed, and succeeded by Basil.
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Hieromartyr '''Basil of Ancyra''', was a [[bishop]] in Ancyra, Galatia, (now Ankara, Turkey) during the fourth century. Originally, a member of the 'moderate' [[Semi-Arianism|Semi-Arian]] party he took a leading part in the [[Council of Seleucia]], but recanted the Semi-Arian formula and defended his orthodoxy against the threats of Emperor [[Julian the Apostate]], and died a [[martyr]]. He is commemorated by the Orthodox church [[January 1]] (and [[March 22]] in the West, see ''Notes on sources'').
  
Basil was caught up in the persecution of [[w:Julian the Apostate|Julian the Apostate]]. He was arrested, tortured, and executed on June 29, 362 AD.<ref>[http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/frbasil.html Holy martyr Basil]</ref>
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==Life==
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In 336, Basil was chosen bishop by the members of the Semi-Arian party, succeeding Marcellus of Anycra as Bishop of Anycra. He was [[deposition|deposed]] by the [[Synod]] of Sardica in 343 then reinstated by Emperor Constantius II in 350. With George of Laodicea, Basil rose to the leadership of the homoiousian (Semi-Arian) party during the Arianism controversies and took a leading part in the [[Council of Seleucia]] in 359 that was convened by Constantius II. In 360, he was deposed in the Council of Constantinople of 360 by the [[Arianism|Arian]] Bishop [[Acacius of Caesarea]] and exiled to Illyria.
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After [[Julian the Apostate]] became emperor, Basil was caught up in the persecutions of Julian. Firmly defending his Orthodox Christian faith, he was arrested, tortured, and then executed on [[June 29]], 362.<ref>http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/frbasil.html Holy martyr Basil</ref>
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==Note on sources==
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The various sources (external links) about a Basil of Ancyra point to Basil being any of three persons: one being a former Semi-Arian bishop who recanted to become a martyred Orthodox (as presented in this article), the second a layman, perhaps a physician, who was martyred defending his faith under the persecutions of Julius the Apostate (as noted in the OCA article and remembered on [[January 1]])<ref>http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100004</ref>, and the third, a priest of Ancyra, distinct from the bishop or the layman (celebrated [[March 22]] in the OCA article).<ref>http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100861</ref>
  
The Church commemorates Basil as a [[hieromartyr]] on [[March 22]], he is not the same Basil of Ancyra commemorated [[January 1]] by the Orthodox Church. <ref>[[w:January 1 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics)|The Wikipedia Eastern Orthodox liturgical Calendar for January 1]]</ref>
 
 
==Hymns==
 
==Hymns==
[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 3) [http://www.oca.org/FStropars.asp?SID=13&ID=100861]
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[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 3)  
  
 
:Through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit you worthily received the anointing of the priesthood, O Basil.
 
:Through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit you worthily received the anointing of the priesthood, O Basil.
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:And received the enjoyment of the heavenly Kingdom,
 
:And received the enjoyment of the heavenly Kingdom,
 
:Blessed hieromartyr of Christ, Basil.
 
:Blessed hieromartyr of Christ, Basil.
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==References==
 
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
 
==Source==
 
==Source==
*[[w:Basil of Ancyra|Basil of Ancyra from Wikipedia]]
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*[[w:Basil of Ancyra|Wikipedia: Basil of Ancyra]]
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
 
*[http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/frbasil.html GOAA: Holy martyr Basil, Presbyter of the Church of Ancyra]
 
*[http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/frbasil.html GOAA: Holy martyr Basil, Presbyter of the Church of Ancyra]
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*[http://www.serbianorthodoxchurch.net/cgi-bin/saints.cgi?view=745921390511 Hieromartyr Basil, Priest of Ancyra]
 
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100861 Hieromartyr Basil of Ancyra] - [[OCA]] website.
 
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100861 Hieromartyr Basil of Ancyra] - [[OCA]] website.
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*[http://www.goarch.org/chapel/saints/468  Basil the Holy Martyr of Ancyra]
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*[http://www.abbamoses.com/months/march.html  Hieromartyr Basil of Ancyra (362)]
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*[http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/55061/Basil-of-Ancyra Britannia: Basil of Ancyra]
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*[http://www.answers.com/topic/council-of-sirmium  Council of Sirmium]
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*[http://www.answers.com/topic/semi-arian Semi-Arian]
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*[http://www.ccel.org/s/schaff/encyc/encyc01/htm/iii.x.v.htm  Basil (Basilas) of Ancyra]
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==See also==
 
==See also==
 
[[Basil (disambiguation)]]
 
[[Basil (disambiguation)]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
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[[Category:Martyrs]]
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[[Category:4th-century saints]]

Latest revision as of 10:24, October 22, 2012

Hieromartyr Basil of Ancyra, was a bishop in Ancyra, Galatia, (now Ankara, Turkey) during the fourth century. Originally, a member of the 'moderate' Semi-Arian party he took a leading part in the Council of Seleucia, but recanted the Semi-Arian formula and defended his orthodoxy against the threats of Emperor Julian the Apostate, and died a martyr. He is commemorated by the Orthodox church January 1 (and March 22 in the West, see Notes on sources).

Contents

Life

In 336, Basil was chosen bishop by the members of the Semi-Arian party, succeeding Marcellus of Anycra as Bishop of Anycra. He was deposed by the Synod of Sardica in 343 then reinstated by Emperor Constantius II in 350. With George of Laodicea, Basil rose to the leadership of the homoiousian (Semi-Arian) party during the Arianism controversies and took a leading part in the Council of Seleucia in 359 that was convened by Constantius II. In 360, he was deposed in the Council of Constantinople of 360 by the Arian Bishop Acacius of Caesarea and exiled to Illyria.

After Julian the Apostate became emperor, Basil was caught up in the persecutions of Julian. Firmly defending his Orthodox Christian faith, he was arrested, tortured, and then executed on June 29, 362.[1]

Note on sources

The various sources (external links) about a Basil of Ancyra point to Basil being any of three persons: one being a former Semi-Arian bishop who recanted to become a martyred Orthodox (as presented in this article), the second a layman, perhaps a physician, who was martyred defending his faith under the persecutions of Julius the Apostate (as noted in the OCA article and remembered on January 1)[2], and the third, a priest of Ancyra, distinct from the bishop or the layman (celebrated March 22 in the OCA article).[3]

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 3)

Through the inspiration of the Holy Spirit you worthily received the anointing of the priesthood, O Basil.
You offered your martyr's contest
As a royal sacrifice to the King of the Ages.
Righteous Father, entreat Christ God to grant us His great mercy.

Kontakion (Tone 8)

Having run the race in righteousness,
You preserved the faith, O Hieromartyr Basil.
For this you were made worthy of the crown of martyrdom,
And You have become an unshakable pillar of the Church,
Confessing the undivided Trinity: the Son, co-eternal with the Father and the Spirit.
Entreat Him to deliver those who honor you from distress,
That we may cry to you: Rejoice, O divinely wise Basil!

Kontakion (Tone 3)

As a priest of the King of Glory,
you also became a holy warrior by your contest.
You shamed the counsels of the lawless
And received the enjoyment of the heavenly Kingdom,
Blessed hieromartyr of Christ, Basil.

References

  1. http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/frbasil.html Holy martyr Basil
  2. http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100004
  3. http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100861

Source

External links

See also

Basil (disambiguation)

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