Auxiliary bishop

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An '''auxiliary bishop''' (also called '''vicar bishop''', '''suffragan bishop''', or '''chorepiscopus''') is a [[bishop]] with no territorial authority working under the authority of a [[diocese|diocesan]] bishop.  The auxiliary typically is given episcopal functions to assist the work of the diocesan hierarch under whose authority he operates.  He usually holds the title of a city within the diocese of his superior, though he is not considered the ruling bishop of that city.
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Being given a title which is within the territory of another bishop technically makes auxiliary bishops [[canon law|uncanonical]].  A number of Orthodox [[jurisdiction]]s deal with this canonical problem by instead appointing [[titular bishop]]s, who hold extinct sees which are not within the territory of a ruling bishop.
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In the ancient Church, the '''chorepiscopus''' (sometimes called a "country bishop") was like the modern auxiliary bishop but usually served in the countryside near a city which had its own bishop and under whose authority he operated.  He did not typically have authority to perform [[ordination]]s but could function in other episcopal ways.  It is generally believed that the chorepiscopate developed in the part of the Roman Empire which is modern day Romania.
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==See also==
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*[[Titular bishop]]
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{{Clergy/wide}}
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Clergy]]
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Revision as of 04:31, June 10, 2008

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