Arsenius III (Carnojevic) of Pec

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Arsenije III Crnojević ('''Аесеније III Црнојевић''') was patriarch of Peć (1672-1691). He was one of most significant figures of Serbian National and Church History. He was also first autonomus Metropoliten of Serbian people in Austro-Hungary (1690-1706).
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His Eminence '''Arsenije III Crnojević''' (also ''Arsenius''; Serbian: '''Аесеније III Црнојевић''') was the [[Patriarch]] of Peć (1672-1691). He was one of the most significant figures of Serbian national and Church history. He was also the first [[autonomous]] Metropolitans of the Serbian people in Austria-Hungary (1690-1706).
He is born in Cetinje,  probabley  1633. He was member of one minor branch of famous Crnojevići noble family. In past  his surname was writen and prononced Čarnojević, but it is on russism.
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== Early life ==
 
== Early life ==
Arsenije came in Peć as a boy and later was tonsured and ordained priest deacon and priest. In his early years he was elected archimandrite of Peć Monastery 1665. When Patriarch Maksim suffered stroke,  Arsenije [[Archmandrite]] of Peć Monastery was elected for [[Metropolitan]] of Hvosno and coadjutor of Patriarch. He is consecrated bishop  by metropolitans of sentence patriarchal synod on the Feast of the [[Ascension]],1669. Same year he visited Dečani Monastery in the patriarch's name. When it was clear that Patriarch condition won't be better, Arsenije was elected Patriarch 1672, probabley between Easter and Ascension.  
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He was born in Cetinje, c. 1633. He was a member of a minor branch of the famous Crnojevići noble family. In the past his surname has been written and pronounced ''Čarnojević'', from Russian use.
  
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Arsenije came to Peć as a boy and later was [[tonsure]]d, and [[ordain]]ed [[deacon]] and [[priest]]. In his early years he was elected [[archimandrite]] of Peć Monastery in 1665.  When Patriarch [[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]] suffered a stroke, Arsenije  was elected for [[Metropolitan]] of Hvosno and coadjutor of the patriarch.  He was [[Consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] bishop by the metropolitans of a patriarchal [[synod]] on the [[Feast]] of the [[Ascension]], 1669.  In the same year, he visited Dečani Monastery in the patriarch's name.  When it was clear that patriarch's condition would not improve, Arsenije was elected patriarch in 1672, probably between [[Easter]] and Ascension.
  
 
== Patriarch ==
 
== Patriarch ==
Next year new Patriarch visited Serbs in Caostlands, who were under Venice. He met Roman Catholic archbishop of Bar Andrija Zmajević, who was Serb, in order to contact with european powers for protection for Christians under Turkish rule. He also visited his flock Bosnia 1674, in Braničevo and Srem 1676. Next zear he was in Žiča Monastery, than Braničevo, again, He also visited Smederevo 1680. All this visitations were in order to gave Serbian people spuritual support. In 1682 Arsenije decided to make pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Before leaving he visited Metropolitan of Skoplje Teofan and bishop Ananija of Karatovo.
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The next year, the new patriarch visited the Serbs in the coastlands who were under Venice. He met the [[Roman Catholic Church|Roman Catholic]] archbishop of Bar Andrija Zmajević, who was Serbian, in order to contact European powers for the protection of Christians under Turkish rule. He also visited his flock in Bosnia in 1674, in Braničevo and Srem in 1676. The following year he was in Žiča Monastery, than Braničevo; again, he also visited Smederevo in 1680. All these visitations were in order to give spiritual support to the Serbian people. In 1682 Arsenije decided to make a [[pilgrim]]age to Jerusalem. Before leaving he visited Metropolitan of Skoplje Teofan and bishop Ananija of Karatovo.
  
When he arrived in Jerusalem Arsenije was guest of famous Patriarch of Jerusalem Dositeus Notarios (1669-1707). When he was in Holy Land Arsenije was writing diary.  
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When he arrived in Jerusalem, Arsenije was the guest of the famous Patriarch of Jerusalem, Dositeus Notarios (1669-1707). When he was in the Holy Land, Arsenije kept a journal.
  
After arriving home he found his people in the midle of [[[http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Turkish_War|Great Turkish War]]. He was forced to leave Peć because Turks tried to kill him. He came back after Austrians captured Peć. Under great presure of Austrians he was forced to call all Serbs to joined Astrian army . About 20000 serbs joined Austrian army. But Serbs and Austrians were defeated near Skoplje in winter 1689. Patriarch with 90000 people started retreeting. Emperor [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leopold_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Leopold]] I proclaimed edict [[August 21]] in wich he gave Serbian people and their Church special Privilegies. They populated Military Frontier as Austrian soldiers.
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After arriving home, he found his people in the middle of the [[w:Great Turkish War|Great Turkish War]]. He was forced to leave Peć because Turks tried to kill him. He came back after Austrians captured Peć. Under great presure of the Austrians he was forced to call all Serbs to join the Austrian army. About 20,000 Serbs joined the Austrian army, but the Serbs and Austrians were defeated near Skoplje in the winter of 1689. The patriarch, with 90,000 people started retreating. Emperor [[w:Leopold_I%2C_Holy_Roman_Emperor|Leopold I]] proclaimed an edict on [[August 21]] in which he gave the Serbian people and their Church special privileges. They populated military frontier as Austrian soldiers.
  
 
== In Austria ==
 
== In Austria ==
From the begining he hed a lot problems under Austrian rule. Hungarian nobility, Catholic clergy, German oficers all they were hostile toward Serbs. But wise patriarch saved his people from catholic proselitism. He established relations with russian court.  
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From the beginning he had many problems under Austrian rule. Hungarian nobility, Catholic [[clergy]], and German officers were all hostile toward Serbs, but the wise patriarch saved his people from Catholic [[proselytism]]. He established relations with Russian court.  
  
Patriarch Arsenije died in Viena [[October 27]], in Viena. He advised his bishops to reastablish broken relations with Patriarch of Peć. Soon Metroplitanate of Karlovci is formed as autonomous unit of Serbian Orthodox Church.
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Patriarch Arsenije died in Vienna on [[October 27]]. He advised his bishops to reestablish broken relations with Patriarch of Peć. Soon the Metropolitanate of Karlovci was formed as autonomous unit of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
  
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before= ?|
+
before=?|
 
title=Metropolitan of Hvosno|
 
title=Metropolitan of Hvosno|
 
years=1669-1672|
 
years=1669-1672|
 
after=?}}
 
after=?}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before= [[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]]|
+
before=[[Maximus I of Pec|Maksim]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
 
title=[[List of Patriarchs of Serbia|Patriarch of Serbia]]|
 
years=1672-1690|
 
years=1672-1690|
after= KalinikI}}
+
after=Kalinik I}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before='''none'''|
+
before=—|
 
title=Metropolitan of Krušedol|
 
title=Metropolitan of Krušedol|
 
years=1690-1706|
 
years=1690-1706|

Revision as of 12:32, March 7, 2007

His Eminence Arsenije III Crnojević (also Arsenius; Serbian: Аесеније III Црнојевић) was the Patriarch of Peć (1672-1691). He was one of the most significant figures of Serbian national and Church history. He was also the first autonomous Metropolitans of the Serbian people in Austria-Hungary (1690-1706).

Early life

He was born in Cetinje, c. 1633. He was a member of a minor branch of the famous Crnojevići noble family. In the past his surname has been written and pronounced Čarnojević, from Russian use.

Arsenije came to Peć as a boy and later was tonsured, and ordained deacon and priest. In his early years he was elected archimandrite of Peć Monastery in 1665. When Patriarch Maksim suffered a stroke, Arsenije was elected for Metropolitan of Hvosno and coadjutor of the patriarch. He was consecrated bishop by the metropolitans of a patriarchal synod on the Feast of the Ascension, 1669. In the same year, he visited Dečani Monastery in the patriarch's name. When it was clear that patriarch's condition would not improve, Arsenije was elected patriarch in 1672, probably between Easter and Ascension.

Patriarch

The next year, the new patriarch visited the Serbs in the coastlands who were under Venice. He met the Roman Catholic archbishop of Bar Andrija Zmajević, who was Serbian, in order to contact European powers for the protection of Christians under Turkish rule. He also visited his flock in Bosnia in 1674, in Braničevo and Srem in 1676. The following year he was in Žiča Monastery, than Braničevo; again, he also visited Smederevo in 1680. All these visitations were in order to give spiritual support to the Serbian people. In 1682 Arsenije decided to make a pilgrimage to Jerusalem. Before leaving he visited Metropolitan of Skoplje Teofan and bishop Ananija of Karatovo.

When he arrived in Jerusalem, Arsenije was the guest of the famous Patriarch of Jerusalem, Dositeus Notarios (1669-1707). When he was in the Holy Land, Arsenije kept a journal.

After arriving home, he found his people in the middle of the Great Turkish War. He was forced to leave Peć because Turks tried to kill him. He came back after Austrians captured Peć. Under great presure of the Austrians he was forced to call all Serbs to join the Austrian army. About 20,000 Serbs joined the Austrian army, but the Serbs and Austrians were defeated near Skoplje in the winter of 1689. The patriarch, with 90,000 people started retreating. Emperor Leopold I proclaimed an edict on August 21 in which he gave the Serbian people and their Church special privileges. They populated military frontier as Austrian soldiers.

In Austria

From the beginning he had many problems under Austrian rule. Hungarian nobility, Catholic clergy, and German officers were all hostile toward Serbs, but the wise patriarch saved his people from Catholic proselytism. He established relations with Russian court.

Patriarch Arsenije died in Vienna on October 27. He advised his bishops to reestablish broken relations with Patriarch of Peć. Soon the Metropolitanate of Karlovci was formed as autonomous unit of the Serbian Orthodox Church.

Succession box:
Arsenius III (Carnojevic) of Pec
Preceded by:
?
Metropolitan of Hvosno
1669-1672
Succeeded by:
?
Preceded by:
Maksim
Patriarch of Serbia
1672-1690
Succeeded by:
Kalinik I
Preceded by:
Metropolitan of Krušedol
1690-1706
Succeeded by:
Isaija (Đaković)
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