Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon)

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The Orthodox Christian '''Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon)''' is one of the nineteen [[archdiocese]]s of the [[Church of Antioch]]. The archdiocese traces its establishment to apostolic times when both Byblos and Botris were separate [[diocese]]s.  
 
The Orthodox Christian '''Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon)''' is one of the nineteen [[archdiocese]]s of the [[Church of Antioch]]. The archdiocese traces its establishment to apostolic times when both Byblos and Botris were separate [[diocese]]s.  
  
--History==
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==History==
Traditionally, the Evangelist Mark is considered to have been the first Bishop of Byblos and St. Silas (Silouan) the first Bishop of Botris, both assigned to their sees by the [[Apostle Peter]]. During the early centuries the two dioceses were under the jurisdiction of the [[archdiocese]] of Tyre. This situation was challenged by the [[bishop]] of Beirut, who claimed jurisdiction. The issue was reconciled at the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]], in 451, which gave jurisdiction over the two dioceses to the archdiocese of Tyre.  
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Traditionally, the Evangelist Mark is considered to have been the first Bishop of Byblos and St. Silas (Silouan) the first Bishop of Botris, both assigned to their [[see]]s by the [[Apostle Peter]]. During the early centuries the two dioceses were under the [[jurisdiction]] of the [[archdiocese]] of Tyre. This situation was challenged by the [[bishop]] of Beirut, who claimed jurisdiction. The issue was reconciled at the [[Fourth Ecumenical Council]], in 451, which gave jurisdiction over the two dioceses to the archdiocese of Tyre.  
  
 
During the following centuries the Orthodox population in the area of the present archdiocese increased periodically as the result of turmoil caused by wars in the Eastern Roman empire, the Crusades, and invasions by Mamluks. These demographic changes contributed eventually to the Mount Lebanon area coming under the jurisdiction of the [[Archdiocese of Beirut|Archdiocese of Beirut and All Lebanon]].
 
During the following centuries the Orthodox population in the area of the present archdiocese increased periodically as the result of turmoil caused by wars in the Eastern Roman empire, the Crusades, and invasions by Mamluks. These demographic changes contributed eventually to the Mount Lebanon area coming under the jurisdiction of the [[Archdiocese of Beirut|Archdiocese of Beirut and All Lebanon]].
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The next move toward a separate archdiocese for Mount Lebanon occurred when a request was made to the [[Holy Synod]] of the Antiochian [[patriarchate]] after the repose of [[Metropolitan]] Gabriel (Shatila). In November 1901, Holy Synod separated the Mount Lebanon area from the Archdiocese of Beirut and formed the Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon). Archimandrite Paul (Abou Adal) was elected archbishop of the new archdiocese.
 
The next move toward a separate archdiocese for Mount Lebanon occurred when a request was made to the [[Holy Synod]] of the Antiochian [[patriarchate]] after the repose of [[Metropolitan]] Gabriel (Shatila). In November 1901, Holy Synod separated the Mount Lebanon area from the Archdiocese of Beirut and formed the Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon). Archimandrite Paul (Abou Adal) was elected archbishop of the new archdiocese.
  
==Archbishop succession==
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==Ruling bishops==
 
::Paul  (Abou Adal) 1901 to 1929
 
::Paul  (Abou Adal) 1901 to 1929
 
::Elyia (Karam) 1929 to 1969
 
::Elyia (Karam) 1929 to 1969
::George (Khodr) 1970 to Present
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::[[George (Khodr) of Mount Lebanon|George (Khodr)]] 1970 to Present
  
 
==Source==
 
==Source==
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[[Category: Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category: Jurisdictions]]
[[Category: Dioceses]]
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[[Category: Dioceses|Byblos]]
[[Category: Antiochian Dioceses]]
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[[Category: Antiochian Dioceses|Byblos]]

Latest revision as of 08:02, March 29, 2010

The Orthodox Christian Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon) is one of the nineteen archdioceses of the Church of Antioch. The archdiocese traces its establishment to apostolic times when both Byblos and Botris were separate dioceses.

History

Traditionally, the Evangelist Mark is considered to have been the first Bishop of Byblos and St. Silas (Silouan) the first Bishop of Botris, both assigned to their sees by the Apostle Peter. During the early centuries the two dioceses were under the jurisdiction of the archdiocese of Tyre. This situation was challenged by the bishop of Beirut, who claimed jurisdiction. The issue was reconciled at the Fourth Ecumenical Council, in 451, which gave jurisdiction over the two dioceses to the archdiocese of Tyre.

During the following centuries the Orthodox population in the area of the present archdiocese increased periodically as the result of turmoil caused by wars in the Eastern Roman empire, the Crusades, and invasions by Mamluks. These demographic changes contributed eventually to the Mount Lebanon area coming under the jurisdiction of the Archdiocese of Beirut and All Lebanon.

After 1861, a wave of massacres in Damascus caused Christians to migrate from Syria into Lebanon, greatly increasing the Orthodox presence in the Mount Lebanon area. A consequence of the immigrations was that pastoral management in the Archdiocese of Beirut became difficult. Noticing the deterioration in parish and pastoral life some of the faithful founded the ‘Organization of St Paul’ to help these parishes. In 1889, at a gathering of the organization, a demand originated for reforming the parishes in the Mount Lebanon area into a diocese separate from the large Archdiocese of Beirut.

The next move toward a separate archdiocese for Mount Lebanon occurred when a request was made to the Holy Synod of the Antiochian patriarchate after the repose of Metropolitan Gabriel (Shatila). In November 1901, Holy Synod separated the Mount Lebanon area from the Archdiocese of Beirut and formed the Archdiocese of Byblos and Botris (Mount Lebanon). Archimandrite Paul (Abou Adal) was elected archbishop of the new archdiocese.

Ruling bishops

Paul (Abou Adal) 1901 to 1929
Elyia (Karam) 1929 to 1969
George (Khodr) 1970 to Present

Source

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