Archangel Michael of Mantamados

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[[Image:Mantamados.jpg|thumb|right|Icon of Arch. Michael the "Mantamados"]]
 
[[Image:Mantamados.jpg|thumb|right|Icon of Arch. Michael the "Mantamados"]]
<!--- please note, this is only day 1 of my edit ... Will update over the next 3 days --->
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[[Image:Procession - Mantamados.jpg|right|thumb|Procession at the church of Mandamados on Lesvos, Greece, during the religious festival dedicated to the [[Archangel Michael|Taxiarchis Michael]].]]
  
This page is dedicated to the miraculous icon of '''Archangel [[Michael]] of Mantamados''' (Gr. Μανταμάδος) - Lesvos, Greece.
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'''Archangel Michael of Mantamados''' (Gr. O Μανταμάδος) refers to a miraculous [[icon]] of the [[Archangel Michael]] on the island of [[w:Lesvos|Lesvos]] and is one of the four miraculous [[icons]] of the Archangel in the [[w:Dodecanese|Dodecanese]] of [[Church of Greece|Greece]]. The monastery is known locally as ''Taxiarches'' (the "Archangel") and the feast of the icon is celebrated on [[November 8]] (the [[Angels|''Synaxis of the Bodiless Powers'']]) and [[September 6]] (the ''Miracle at Colossae'').
  
== Archangel Michael of Mantamados, island of Lesvos ==
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==Mantamados icon==
This is one of four miraculous icons of the Archangel Michael in the Dodecanesse of Greece.
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There are two accounts surrounding the date of this [[icon]], one having to do with the Ottoman Turkish occupation and destruction of 1462, and the other with [[w:Leo of Tripoli|Saracen pirates]] during the 9th and 10th centuries during which the entire island was invaded.  
  
On the island of Lesvos, one can visit this miraculous icon at the Monastery of the Taxiarchis (Archangel) Michael in the district of Mantamados. This monastery is situated in the northeast part of Lesvos, 36 km from Mytilini. The history of this monastery (and the icon) is closely connected to the history of the island of Lesvos.
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In either case, the story of the creation of the icon shares the theme that the target of the raids was the monastery of the Taxiarchis. The pirates threatened the monks with death if they would not reveal the whereabouts of the hidden villagers. The monks refused and the invaders slaughtered all of the [[monk]]s except for one [[novice]]-monk <ref>According to which story you are told, the novice is supposed to have either been working in the fields nearby or hidden behind a rock.</ref>
  
This is a famous Byzantine monastery, made of stone.  
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As the pirates where leaving, the novice climbed to the roof of the monastery to be sure that the pirates had left. However, the pirates noticed him from afar and returned to kill him as well. It is at this point in the story that the Archangel Michael makes his appearance in front of the Saracens with his own sword drawn forcing them to retreat in terror<ref>According to some accounts they were drowned.</ref>. Thanks to this miracle from the Archangel the monk survived and descending to the courtyard buried the bodies of his fellow brotherhood.
  
In the past, the monastery functioned as a men’s convent and is first mentioned in a 1661 ecclesiastical document.  
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The monk still in deep respect and reverence for having witnessed the Archangel Michael in all his fury, gathered up the earth that was red by the blood of the martyred monks and shaped it into the icon-sculpture of the Archangel as it is today;
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while it was still vivid in his memory. According to legend, the monk did not have enough of this dirt-blood mix and so the head of the Archangel has turned out disproportionately larger to the rest of his body.
  
The small church within the monastery originally dates from the 17th century but was replaced by larger church in the 18th century. The present church (cathedral) was constructed in 1879 and follows a three-aisled basilica architectural type. The monastery is structured para-metrically around this church.
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This [[icon]], is now kept within the interior of the church. Many islanders claim to have had personal experiences of miracles being granted for them by Mantamados. This is evident by the numerous cabinets full of ''tagmata'' (gifts) to the Archangel housed inside the church. To this day, [[pilgrimage|pilgrims]] to this church have mixed emotions regarding this icon. At times, the expression on the [[icon]] can appear severe, sad, or happy, according to the message that the Archangel wants to convey to that pilgrim or the faithful. This is the tradition of the much-celebrated [[icon]] of Mantamados.
  
The Saracen pirates, during the 9th and 10th centuries, began to invade the entire island. One of their main targets was the monastery of the Taxiarchis. During one of the raids, the Saracen pirates slaughtered all of the monks in the monastery. One monk, however, in his attempt to escape, climbed up the roof but the pirates pursued him.
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==Monastery of the Taxiarchis==
[[Image:Mant_Monastery.jpg|thumb|left|Monastery of Mantamados]]
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[[Image:Mant_Monastery.jpg|thumb|left|Monastery of Mantamados]]On the island of Lesvos, one can visit this miraculous [[icon]] at the '''Byzantine Monastery of the Taxiarchis''' (Archangel) '''Michael''' in the district of Mantamados. This [[monastery]] is situated in the northeast part of Lesvos, 36 km from Mytilini. The history of this monastery and the [[icon]] are closely connected to the history of the island of Lesvos.
  
As they closed in on him, the Archangel Michael appeared in front of the Saracens with his own sword drawn and forced them to retreat in a panic. This is how the monk survived.  
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This is a famous monastery, made of stone. The monastery was most probably abandoned in 1462 the year of the island’s occupation by the Ottoman Turks. In the past, the monastery functioned as a men’s convent and is first mentioned in a 1661 ecclesiastical document. The small [[church]] within the monastery originally dates from the 17th century but was replaced by larger church in the 18th century. The present church ([[cathedral]]) was constructed in 1879 and follows a three-aisled [[basilica]] architectural type. The monastery is structured para-metrically around this church.
  
The monk was in such deep respect and reverence for having witnessed the Archangel Michael in all his fury, decided to recreate the image while it was still vivid in his memory. Not having any other tools but that of clay and the blood of the martyred monks, he began to sculpt the image. The monk did not have enough clay to work with and so the head of the Archangel has turned out disproportionally larger than the rest of his body.
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==End notes==
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<small><references/></small>
  
This icon, is now kept within the interior of the church.
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== See also ==
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*Miraculous [[icon]] of [[Archangel]] [[Archangel Michael|Michael]] '''[[Archangel Michael Panormitis|Panormitis]]''' on [[Metropolis of Symi|Symi]] island, [[w:Greece|Greece]]
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*[[Metropolis of Mytiline]]
  
Many islanders claim to have had personal experiences of miracles being granted for them by Mantamados. This is evident by the numerous cabinets full of ‘tagmata’ to the Archangel housed inside the church.
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==Hymns==
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Hail, Michael, great chief commander with all the hosts of heaven!
  
To this day, pilgrims to this church have mixed emotions regarding this icon. At times, the expression on the icon can appear sever, sad or happy according to the message that the Archangel wants to convey to that pilgrim or the faithful.
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==External links==
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*[http://www.taxiarches-mantamados.gr/ Monastery of Mandamados '''Official Website'''] (in Greek)
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*[http://www.mandamados.gr/ Municipality of Mandamados (Mantamados)]
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*[http://www.stgeorgegreenville.org/Angels/Michael.html Saint George GO Cathedral article]
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*[[w:Mantamados|Mantamados on Wikipedia]]
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*[http://www.lesvos.gr/nomos/lesvos_tourist_guide/en-architecture.htm Lesvos Guide by Prefectural Commission of Tourism]
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*[http://www.tlig.org/de/news/2008-11-12/2006/ Blog of trip to monastery (not Orthodox)]
  
This is the legend of the much-celebrated icon of Mantamados and is the only carved icon in existence in Orthodoxy.  
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===You Tube links===
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*[http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=JaJffVgBQsk Documentary on the ''Ταξιάρχης Μανταμάδος Λέσβου''] (in Greek)
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*[http://au.youtube.com/watch?v=3ikTwjOjVuQ Amateur footage of monastery entrance], September 2008.
  
<!---
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[[Category:Angels]]
 
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[[Category:About Icons]]
== The other 3 miraculous icons of the Dodecannese ==
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[[Category:Monasteries]]
* Archangel Michael the [[Panormitis]], island of Symi
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[[Category:Greek Monasteries]]
* Archangel Michael the ..., island of xxx
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* Archangel Michael the ..., island of xxx
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== Hymns & Troparia ==
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--->
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== External Sources to the Island of Matamados ==
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1. Municipality of Mandamados (Mantamados) - http://www.mandamados.gr/
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2. Wikipedia article - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mantamados/
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[[Category:Places]]
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Latest revision as of 14:31, February 11, 2013

Icon of Arch. Michael the "Mantamados"
Procession at the church of Mandamados on Lesvos, Greece, during the religious festival dedicated to the Taxiarchis Michael.

Archangel Michael of Mantamados (Gr. O Μανταμάδος) refers to a miraculous icon of the Archangel Michael on the island of Lesvos and is one of the four miraculous icons of the Archangel in the Dodecanese of Greece. The monastery is known locally as Taxiarches (the "Archangel") and the feast of the icon is celebrated on November 8 (the Synaxis of the Bodiless Powers) and September 6 (the Miracle at Colossae).

Contents

Mantamados icon

There are two accounts surrounding the date of this icon, one having to do with the Ottoman Turkish occupation and destruction of 1462, and the other with Saracen pirates during the 9th and 10th centuries during which the entire island was invaded.

In either case, the story of the creation of the icon shares the theme that the target of the raids was the monastery of the Taxiarchis. The pirates threatened the monks with death if they would not reveal the whereabouts of the hidden villagers. The monks refused and the invaders slaughtered all of the monks except for one novice-monk [1]

As the pirates where leaving, the novice climbed to the roof of the monastery to be sure that the pirates had left. However, the pirates noticed him from afar and returned to kill him as well. It is at this point in the story that the Archangel Michael makes his appearance in front of the Saracens with his own sword drawn forcing them to retreat in terror[2]. Thanks to this miracle from the Archangel the monk survived and descending to the courtyard buried the bodies of his fellow brotherhood.

The monk still in deep respect and reverence for having witnessed the Archangel Michael in all his fury, gathered up the earth that was red by the blood of the martyred monks and shaped it into the icon-sculpture of the Archangel as it is today; while it was still vivid in his memory. According to legend, the monk did not have enough of this dirt-blood mix and so the head of the Archangel has turned out disproportionately larger to the rest of his body.

This icon, is now kept within the interior of the church. Many islanders claim to have had personal experiences of miracles being granted for them by Mantamados. This is evident by the numerous cabinets full of tagmata (gifts) to the Archangel housed inside the church. To this day, pilgrims to this church have mixed emotions regarding this icon. At times, the expression on the icon can appear severe, sad, or happy, according to the message that the Archangel wants to convey to that pilgrim or the faithful. This is the tradition of the much-celebrated icon of Mantamados.

Monastery of the Taxiarchis

Monastery of Mantamados
On the island of Lesvos, one can visit this miraculous icon at the Byzantine Monastery of the Taxiarchis (Archangel) Michael in the district of Mantamados. This monastery is situated in the northeast part of Lesvos, 36 km from Mytilini. The history of this monastery and the icon are closely connected to the history of the island of Lesvos.

This is a famous monastery, made of stone. The monastery was most probably abandoned in 1462 the year of the island’s occupation by the Ottoman Turks. In the past, the monastery functioned as a men’s convent and is first mentioned in a 1661 ecclesiastical document. The small church within the monastery originally dates from the 17th century but was replaced by larger church in the 18th century. The present church (cathedral) was constructed in 1879 and follows a three-aisled basilica architectural type. The monastery is structured para-metrically around this church.

End notes

  1. According to which story you are told, the novice is supposed to have either been working in the fields nearby or hidden behind a rock.
  2. According to some accounts they were drowned.

See also

Hymns

Hail, Michael, great chief commander with all the hosts of heaven!

External links

You Tube links

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