Archangel

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The '''Archangels''' are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of [[angels]] and announce to the lower order, i.e., the [[angels]], and through them, to men. St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]] says that the '''archangels''' strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy [[Gospel]] and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.
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[[Image:Synaxis of the Archangels.jpg|right|frame|[[Synaxis]] of the Archangels]]
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The '''Archangels''' are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of [[angels]] and announce to the lower order, i.e., the [[angels]], and through them, to men. St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]] says that the archangels strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy [[Gospel]] and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.
  
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==Which angels?==
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As it is shown in the Book of the Holy [[Prophet Ezekiel]] throughout (compare with the [[Book of Revelation]]), the first four archangels ([[Archangel Michael|Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel|Gabriel]], [[Archangel Raphael|Raphel]], [[Archangel Uriel|Uriel]]) are the ones that stand in the four corners of The Great Throne of God (the ''Ma'aseh Merkabah''). Together with them stand the four six-winged Living Creatures (''Ayyot''), the four many-eyed [[Cherubim]]—having four arms, four wings and four faces each—and the four many-eyed Wheels (''Ophannim'') or Storm-Winds (''Galgallim''), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great [[Apostle Paul]] and that of his illustrious [[disciple]], St. Dionysius the Areopagite) call [[Thrones]]. These four archangels are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of [[Israel]] in the wilderness: to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the angels of the four winds, according to the [[Scripture]] that says: "[You] Who maketh his angels spirits [literally, winds]; his ministers a flaming fire" ([[Psalms]] 104:4, KJV).
  
As it is shown in the Book of the Holy [[Prophet Ezekiel]] throughout (compare with the [[Book of Revelation]]), the first four '''Archangels''' ([[Archangel Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], Raphael, Uriel) are the ones that stand in the four corners of '''The Great Throne of God''' (the '''Ma'aseh Merkabah'''). Together with them stand the four six-winged '''Living Creatures''' ('''Ayyot'''), the four many-eyed [[Cherubim]], -having four arms, four wings and four faces each-, and the four many-eyed '''Wheels''' ('''Ophannim''') or '''Storm-Winds''' ('''Galgallim'''), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great [[Apostle Paul]] and that of his illustrious [[Disciple]], St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]]) call [[Thrones]]. These four '''Archangels''' are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of [[Israel]] in the wilderness : to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the [[Angels]] of the four winds, according to the [[Scripture]] that says : "''You, Who make Your [[Angels]] spirits (winds), and Your servants pears of flaming fire''". The ancient Rabbis allways connected the seven '''Archangels''' with the seven then-so-called Planets : the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Saturn and Jupiter, and the [[Church Fathers]] have allways thaught and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies. (See [[Angels]])
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The ancient rabbis always connected the seven archangels with the seven then known planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn; and the [[Church Fathers]] have always thought and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies.  There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven archangels. One comes from the [[Book of Enoch]], (which is accepted as [[canonical]] by the [[Church of Ethiopia|Ethiopian Orthodox Church]], itself representative of the [[Oriental Orthodox]] churches). The second is from the [[tradition]] of the Chalcedonian [[Orthodox Church]] (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the [[Gnosticism|Gnostics]], an ancient [[heresy]]). Finally, the third comes from such great Church Fathers as Sts. Dionysius the Areopagite and Gregory the Theologian.
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All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four archangels: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows:
  
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#From the [[Book of Enoch]] (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox tradition): Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;
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#From the Eastern Orthodox tradition: Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;
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#From the Western tradition: (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zedekiel or Sachiel.
  
There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven '''Archangels''' : one from the [[Book of Enoch]], (which is accepted as [[canonical]] by the Ethiopian [[Orthodox Church]], who, in its turn, is representative of the Oriental [[Orthodox Church]]es, which are all of semitic origins : Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Syrian); the second from the tradition of the Eastern [[Orthodox Church]], (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the Gnostics -- who were an Eastern [[Christian]] sect, to begin with); and a third from such Great [[Church Fathers]] as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] and St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]].  
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The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but the Oriental and Eastern traditions have one more archangel in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Likewise, it's worth noting that the last three archangels of the Eastern tradition represent the three forms, or types, of prayer: blessing, supplication and praise. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the Archangel Michael as the head archangel enters battle.
  
== Michael ==
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==Name meanings==
("Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8) See [[Archangel Michael]].
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[[Image:Archangels.JPG|thumb|right|230px|Synaxis of the Bodiless Powers, with the names of the seven Archangels inscribed, together with a seraphim (in red) and two cherubim (dark blue), and Christ in the center]]
 
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*[[Archangel Michael|Michael]]: "Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8.
== Gabriel ==
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*[[Archangel Gabriel|Gabriel]] "The Powerful or Strong Man of God," "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26.  Also called Djibril or Jibril.
("The Powerful or Strong Man of God", "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26)
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*[[Archangel Raphael|Raphael]]: "The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15.  Also called Israfel.  
See [[Archangel Gabriel]].
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*[[Archangel Uriel|Uriel]]: "The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1.  Also called Sariel, Suriel, or Muriel.
 
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*[[Archangel Selaphiel|Selaphiel]]: "The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God", since command and prayer represent the two forms, or types, of communication: the first one being descendant and the second ascendant. Also called Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, or Zachariel.
== Raphael ==
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*[[Archangel Jehudiel|Jehudiel]]: "The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God." Also called Jegudiel or Gudiel.
("The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15)
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*[[Archangel Barachiel|Barachiel]]:  "The Benediction or Blessings of God."  Also called Varachiel.
Another name for this Archangel is : Israfel.
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*[[Archangel Raguel|Raguel]]: "The Friend of God."  Also called Raziel[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/], which means "The Secrets of God." Not to be confused with Raphael.
 
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*[[Archangel Jeremiel|Jeremiel]]"The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36.  Also called Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, or Remiel.
== Uriel ==
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*[[Archangel Anael|Anael]]: "The Grace or Joy of God."  Also called Aniel, Hanael, or Haniel.
("The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1)
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*[[Archangel Jophiel|Jophiel]]: "The Beauty of God."  Also called Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, or Kepharel.
Other names for this Archangel are : [[Sariel]], [[Suriel]], [[Muriel]].
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*[[Archnagel Zadkiel|Zadkiel]]:  "The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God."  Also called Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, or Zedekul.
 
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*[[Satan|Lucifer/Satan]]:  "The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9Other names for this ''fallen'' archangel (or his companions) are: Azael, Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, or Uzziel; Camael, Camiel, Camniel, Cancel, Chamuel, Kemuel, Samael, Shemuel, Simiel, or Zamael; Samiaza; Satanael.
== Selaphiel ==
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("The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God")
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Other names for this Archangel are : [[Salathiel]], [[Selathiel]], [[Seraphiel]], [[Sarakiel]], [[Saraqael]], [[Zerachiel]].
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== Jehudiel ==
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("The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God")
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Other names for this Archangel are : [[Jegudiel]], [[Gudiel]].
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== Barachiel ==
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("The Blessings of God")
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Another name for this Archangel is : [[Varachiel]].
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== Jeremiel ==
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("The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36)
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Other names for this Archangel are : [[Jeramiel]], [[Jerahmiel]], [[Jerehmiel]], [[Ramiel]], [[Remiel]].
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== Lucifer / Satan ==
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("The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9)
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Other names for this ''fallen'' Archangel (or his ''unfortunate'' companions) are : [[Azazel]], [[Azrael]], [[Izrael]], [[Izreel]], [[Camael]], [[Chamuel]], [[Samael]], [[Shemuel]], [[Simiel]], [[Samiaza]], [[Satanael]], [[Uzziel]].
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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==Sources==
 
==Sources==
[http://www.sfaturiortodoxe.ro/orthodox/orthodox_advices_angels.htm The Holy Angels]
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*[http://www.sfaturiortodoxe.ro/orthodox/orthodox_advices_angels.htm The Holy Angels]
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*[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia]
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*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen Catholic Encyclopedia]
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*[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia]
  
This article-page has been made possible due to an important amount of information available on-line at the following InterNet Addresses : (due to the very numerous amount of articles consulted for creating this page, only the mother-sites will be enumerated)
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==External links==
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/groups/ati08.htm Icon of the Feast of the Archangels]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/g/mib06.htm Icon of Archangel Gabriel]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/m/inp18.htm Icon of Archangel Michael]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/r/rsb12.htm Icon of Archangel Raphael]
  
[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia]
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{{Angels}}
  
[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen Catholic Encyclopedia]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Biblical Saints]]
  
[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia]
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[[ro:Arhangheli]]
 
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{{Angels}}
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Latest revision as of 14:20, March 7, 2011

Synaxis of the Archangels

The Archangels are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. Dionysius the Areopagite says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of angels and announce to the lower order, i.e., the angels, and through them, to men. St. Gregory the Dialogist says that the archangels strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy Gospel and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.

Contents

Which angels?

As it is shown in the Book of the Holy Prophet Ezekiel throughout (compare with the Book of Revelation), the first four archangels (Michael, Gabriel, Raphel, Uriel) are the ones that stand in the four corners of The Great Throne of God (the Ma'aseh Merkabah). Together with them stand the four six-winged Living Creatures (Ayyot), the four many-eyed Cherubim—having four arms, four wings and four faces each—and the four many-eyed Wheels (Ophannim) or Storm-Winds (Galgallim), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great Apostle Paul and that of his illustrious disciple, St. Dionysius the Areopagite) call Thrones. These four archangels are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of Israel in the wilderness: to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the angels of the four winds, according to the Scripture that says: "[You] Who maketh his angels spirits [literally, winds]; his ministers a flaming fire" (Psalms 104:4, KJV).

The ancient rabbis always connected the seven archangels with the seven then known planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn; and the Church Fathers have always thought and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies. There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven archangels. One comes from the Book of Enoch, (which is accepted as canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, itself representative of the Oriental Orthodox churches). The second is from the tradition of the Chalcedonian Orthodox Church (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the Gnostics, an ancient heresy). Finally, the third comes from such great Church Fathers as Sts. Dionysius the Areopagite and Gregory the Theologian. All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four archangels: Michael, Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows:

  1. From the Book of Enoch (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox tradition): Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;
  2. From the Eastern Orthodox tradition: Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;
  3. From the Western tradition: (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zedekiel or Sachiel.

The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but the Oriental and Eastern traditions have one more archangel in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Likewise, it's worth noting that the last three archangels of the Eastern tradition represent the three forms, or types, of prayer: blessing, supplication and praise. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the Archangel Michael as the head archangel enters battle.

Name meanings

Synaxis of the Bodiless Powers, with the names of the seven Archangels inscribed, together with a seraphim (in red) and two cherubim (dark blue), and Christ in the center
  • Michael: "Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8.
  • Gabriel "The Powerful or Strong Man of God," "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26. Also called Djibril or Jibril.
  • Raphael: "The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15. Also called Israfel.
  • Uriel: "The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1. Also called Sariel, Suriel, or Muriel.
  • Selaphiel: "The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God", since command and prayer represent the two forms, or types, of communication: the first one being descendant and the second ascendant. Also called Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, or Zachariel.
  • Jehudiel: "The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God." Also called Jegudiel or Gudiel.
  • Barachiel: "The Benediction or Blessings of God." Also called Varachiel.
  • Raguel: "The Friend of God." Also called Raziel[1], which means "The Secrets of God." Not to be confused with Raphael.
  • Jeremiel: "The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36. Also called Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, or Remiel.
  • Anael: "The Grace or Joy of God." Also called Aniel, Hanael, or Haniel.
  • Jophiel: "The Beauty of God." Also called Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, or Kepharel.
  • Zadkiel: "The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God." Also called Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, or Zedekul.
  • Lucifer/Satan: "The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9. Other names for this fallen archangel (or his companions) are: Azael, Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, or Uzziel; Camael, Camiel, Camniel, Cancel, Chamuel, Kemuel, Samael, Shemuel, Simiel, or Zamael; Samiaza; Satanael.

See also

Sources

External links

Angels
First Hierarchy: Seraphim | Cherubim | Thrones
Second Hierarchy: Powers | Dominions | Principalities
Third Hierarchy: Virtues | Archangels | Angels
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