Archangel

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The '''Archangels''' are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of [[angels]] and announce to the lower order, i.e., the [[angels]], and through them, to men. St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]] says that the '''archangels''' strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy [[Gospel]] and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.
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The '''Archangels''' are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of [[angels]] and announce to the lower order, i.e., the [[angels]], and through them, to men. St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]] says that the archangels strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy [[Gospel]] and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.
  
  
As it is shown in the Book of the Holy [[Prophet Ezekiel]] throughout (compare with the [[Book of Revelation]]), the first four '''Archangels''' ([[Archangel Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], Raphael, Uriel) are the ones that stand in the four corners of '''The Great Throne of God''' (the '''Ma'aseh Merkabah'''). Together with them stand the four six-winged '''Living Creatures''' ('''Ayyot'''), the four many-eyed [[Cherubim]], -having four arms, four wings and four faces each-, and the four many-eyed '''Wheels''' ('''Ophannim''') or '''Storm-Winds''' ('''Galgallim'''), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great [[Apostle Paul]] and that of his illustrious [[Disciple]], St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]]) call [[Thrones]]. These four '''Archangels''' are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of [[Israel]] in the wilderness : to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the [[Angels]] of the four winds, according to the [[Scripture]] that says : "''You, Who make Your [[Angels]] spirits (winds), and Your servants pears of flaming fire''".  
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As it is shown in the Book of the Holy [[Prophet Ezekiel]] throughout (compare with the [[Book of Revelation]]), the first four archangels ([[Archangel Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], Raphael, Uriel) are the ones that stand in the four corners of The Great Throne of God (the ''Ma'aseh Merkabah''). Together with them stand the four six-winged Living Creatures (''Ayyot''), the four many-eyed [[Cherubim]]—having four arms, four wings and four faces each—and the four many-eyed Wheels (''Ophannim'') or Storm-Winds (''Galgallim''), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great [[Apostle Paul]] and that of his illustrious [[disciple]], St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]]) call [[Thrones]]. These four archangels are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of [[Israel]] in the wilderness : to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the [[Angels]] of the four winds, according to the [[Scripture]] that says : "You, Who make Your [[Angels]] spirits (winds), and Your servants pears of flaming fire".  
  
  
The ancient Rabbis allways connected the seven '''Archangels''' with the seven then-so-called Planets : the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Saturn and Jupiter, and the [[Church Fathers]] have allways thaught and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies. (See [[Angels]]). There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven '''Archangels''' : one from the [[Book of Enoch]], (which is accepted as [[canonical]] by the Ethiopian [[Orthodox Church]], who, in its turn, is representative of the Oriental [[Orthodox Church]]es, which are all of semitic origins : Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Syrian); the second from the [[tradition]] of the Eastern [[Orthodox Church]], (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the Gnostics -- who were an Eastern [[Christian]] sect, to begin with); and a third from such Great [[Church Fathers]] as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] and St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]].  
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The ancient Rabbis allways connected the seven archangels with the seven then-so-called planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Saturn and Jupiter, and the [[Church Fathers]] have allways thaught and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies. There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven archangels: one from the [[Book of Enoch]], (which is accepted as [[canonical]] by the [[Church of Ethiopia|Ethiopian Orthodox Church]], which is representative of the [[Oriental Orthodox]] churches, which are all of semitic origins: Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Syrian); the second from the [[tradition]] of the Chalcedonian [[Orthodox Church]], (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the [[Gnosticism|Gnostics]]—who were an ancient [[Christian]] sect); and a third from such great [[Church Fathers]] as St. [[Dionysius the Areopagite]] and St. [[Gregory the Dialogist]].  
All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four '''Archangels''' : [[Archangel Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows :  
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All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four archangels: [[Archangel Michael]], [[Archangel Gabriel]], Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows :  
  
'''(1).''' From the [[Book of Enoch]] (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox [[tradition]]) : Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;  
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#From the [[Book of Enoch]] (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox [[tradition]]) : Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;  
  
'''(2).''' From the Eastern Orthodox [[tradition]] : Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;  
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#From the Eastern Orthodox [[tradition]] : Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;  
  
'''(3).''' From the Western [[tradition]] : (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zadkiel or Zedekiel.  
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#From the Western [[tradition]] : (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zadkiel or Zedekiel.  
  
The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but for now let us just simply notice that the Oriental and Eastern [[tradition]]s have one more '''Archangel''' in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the [[Archangel Michael]] as the head '''Archangel''' enters battle.
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The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but the Oriental and Eastern [[tradition]]s have one more archangel in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the Archangel Michael as the head archangel enters battle.
  
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== [[Archangel Michael|Michael]] ==
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"Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8.
  
== Michael ==
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== [[Archangel Gabriel|Gabriel]] ==
("Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8) See [[Archangel Michael]].
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"The Powerful or Strong Man of God", "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26.
  
== Gabriel ==
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== [[Archangel Raphael|Raphael]] ==
("The Powerful or Strong Man of God", "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26)
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"The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15.  Also called Israfel.
See [[Archangel Gabriel]].
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== Raphael ==
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== [[Archangel Uriel|Uriel]] ==
("The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15)
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"The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1.  Also called Sariel, Suriel, or Muriel.
Another name for this Archangel is : Israfel.
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== Uriel ==
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== [[Archangel Selaphiel|Selaphiel]] ==
("The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1)
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"The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God". Also called Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, or Zachariel.
Other names for this Archangel are : Sariel, Suriel, Muriel.
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== Selaphiel ==
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== [[Archangel Jehudiel|Jehudiel]] ==
("The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God")
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"The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God".  Also called Jegudiel or Gudiel.
Other names for this Archangel are : Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, Zachariel.
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== Jehudiel ==
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== [[Archangel Barachiel|Barachiel]] ==
("The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God")
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"The Blessings of God".  Also called Varachiel.
Other names for this Archangel are : Jegudiel, Gudiel.
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== Barachiel ==
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== [[Archangel Raguel|Raguel]] ==
("The Blessings of God")
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"The Friend of God".  Also called Raziel[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/] (which means "The Secrets of God"—quite possible, if one takes into consideration Jesus' words at the [[Last Supper]]: "For I shall no longer call you servants, but friends, because the servant doesn't know His Master's will"). Likewise, we are not to confound him (Raziel) with Raphael, which is in perfect agreement with the fact that neither is Raguel to be confounded with Raphael.
Another name for this Archangel is : Varachiel.
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== Raguel ==
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== [[Archangel Jeremiel|Jeremiel]] ==
("The Friend of God")
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"The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36.  Also called Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, or Remiel.
Another name for this Archangel is (according to [http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia], at least) : Raziel, (which means "The Secrets of God" -- quite possible, if one takes into consideration Jesus' words at the [[Last Supper]] : "''For I shall no longer call you servants, but friends, because the servant doesn't know His Master's will''"). Likewise, (we are told) we are not to confound him (Raziel) with Raphael, which is in perfect agreement with the fact that neither is Raguel to be confounded with Raphael.
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== Jeremiel ==
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== [[Archangel Anael|Anael]] ==
("The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36)
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"The Grace or Joy of God". Also called Aniel, Hanael, or Haniel.
Other names for this Archangel are : Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, Remiel.
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== Anael ==
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== [[Archnagel Jophiel|Jophiel]] ==
("The Grace or Joy of God")
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"The Beauty of God".  Also called Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, or Kepharel.
Other names for this Archangel are : Aniel, Hanael, Haniel.
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== Jophiel ==
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== [[Archnagel Zadkiel|Zadkiel]] ==
("The Beauty of God")
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"The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God".  Also called Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, or Zedekul.
Other names for this Archangel are : Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, Kepharel (regarding the last form : because of the fact that one of these corruptions of the name borders on the meaning "stone", which in Hebrew is called "Kepha" -- as, for instance, in the Aramaic name-form of the Holy and Most Glorious [[Apostle Peter]]).
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== Zadkiel ==
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== [[Satan|Lucifer/Satan]] ==
("The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God")
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"The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9)
Other names for this Archangel are : Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, Zedekul.
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Other names for this ''fallen'' archangel (or his companions) are : Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, or Uzziel; Camael, Chamuel, Samael, Shemuel, or Simiel; Samiaza; Satanael.
 
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== Lucifer / Satan ==
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("The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9)
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Other names for this ''fallen'' Archangel (or his ''unfortunate'' companions) are : (1). Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, Uzziel; (2). Camael, Chamuel, Samael, Shemuel, Simiel; (1+2). Samiaza; (3). Satanael,
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==See also==
 
==See also==
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==Sources==
 
==Sources==
[http://www.sfaturiortodoxe.ro/orthodox/orthodox_advices_angels.htm The Holy Angels]
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*[http://www.sfaturiortodoxe.ro/orthodox/orthodox_advices_angels.htm The Holy Angels]
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*[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia]
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*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen Catholic Encyclopedia]
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*[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia]
  
This article-page has been made possible due to an important amount of information available on-line at the following InterNet Addresses : (due to the very numerous amount of articles consulted for creating this page, only the mother-sites will be enumerated)
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{{Angels}}
  
[http://www.wikipedia.org Wikipedia, the free Encyclopedia]
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[[Category:Saints]]
 
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[[Category:Biblical Saints]]
[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen Catholic Encyclopedia]
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[http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com Jewish Encyclopedia]
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{{Angels}}
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Revision as of 06:17, May 31, 2006

The Archangels are called the great heralds of good news, announcing the great and most glorious. Their service (as St. Dionysius the Areopagite says) consists in revealing prophecies, knowledge, and understanding of God's will which they receive from the higher orders of angels and announce to the lower order, i.e., the angels, and through them, to men. St. Gregory the Dialogist says that the archangels strengthen people in the holy faith, enlightening their minds with the light of knowledge of the holy Gospel and revealing the mysteries of devout faith.


As it is shown in the Book of the Holy Prophet Ezekiel throughout (compare with the Book of Revelation), the first four archangels (Archangel Michael, Archangel Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel) are the ones that stand in the four corners of The Great Throne of God (the Ma'aseh Merkabah). Together with them stand the four six-winged Living Creatures (Ayyot), the four many-eyed Cherubim—having four arms, four wings and four faces each—and the four many-eyed Wheels (Ophannim) or Storm-Winds (Galgallim), which Christians, (according to the example of the Great Apostle Paul and that of his illustrious disciple, St. Dionysius the Areopagite) call Thrones. These four archangels are the ones that protected the four camps of the people of Israel in the wilderness : to the North, to the South, to the East and to the West. They are the Angels of the four winds, according to the Scripture that says : "You, Who make Your Angels spirits (winds), and Your servants pears of flaming fire".


The ancient Rabbis allways connected the seven archangels with the seven then-so-called planets: the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Venus, Saturn and Jupiter, and the Church Fathers have allways thaught and taught that God rules this Universe through his Celestial Armies. There are three (irreducible) lists of these seven archangels: one from the Book of Enoch, (which is accepted as canonical by the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which is representative of the Oriental Orthodox churches, which are all of semitic origins: Armenian, Coptic, Ethiopian, Syrian); the second from the tradition of the Chalcedonian Orthodox Church, (which, interestingly enough, coincides with that of the Gnostics—who were an ancient Christian sect); and a third from such great Church Fathers as St. Dionysius the Areopagite and St. Gregory the Dialogist. All of these three different lists, however, agree on the names of the first four archangels: Archangel Michael, Archangel Gabriel, Raphael, Uriel. The remaining three are given as follows :

  1. From the Book of Enoch (Jewish, as well as Oriental Orthodox tradition) : Raguel; Sarakiel or Saraqael; (Je)Re(h)miel or (Je)Ra(h)miel;
  1. From the Eastern Orthodox tradition : Barachiel; Salathiel; (Je)Gudiel or (Je)hudiel;
  1. From the Western tradition : (H)anael or (H)aniel; Jophiel or Cassiel; Zadkiel or Zedekiel.

The explanation and translation of all of these names can be seen below, but the Oriental and Eastern traditions have one more archangel in common, namely the sixth, called Selaphiel. Also, Zadkiel is one of two standard bearers (along with Zophiel) who follow directly behind the Archangel Michael as the head archangel enters battle.

Contents

Michael

"Who is like unto God?" Dan. 10:13; 12:1; Jude v. 9; Rev. 12:7-8.

Gabriel

"The Powerful or Strong Man of God", "The Power or Strength of God" Dan. 8:16; 9:21; Luke 1:19-26.

Raphael

"The Healing of God" Tobit 3:17; 12:15. Also called Israfel.

Uriel

"The Light or Fire of God" A.V. II Esdras 4:1. Also called Sariel, Suriel, or Muriel.

Selaphiel

"The Command, Communicant or Prayer of God". Also called Salathiel, Selathiel, Seraphiel, Sarakiel, Saraqael, Zarachiel, Zerachiel, or Zachariel.

Jehudiel

"The Glory, Laudation or Praise of God". Also called Jegudiel or Gudiel.

Barachiel

"The Blessings of God". Also called Varachiel.

Raguel

"The Friend of God". Also called Raziel[1] (which means "The Secrets of God"—quite possible, if one takes into consideration Jesus' words at the Last Supper: "For I shall no longer call you servants, but friends, because the servant doesn't know His Master's will"). Likewise, we are not to confound him (Raziel) with Raphael, which is in perfect agreement with the fact that neither is Raguel to be confounded with Raphael.

Jeremiel

"The Compassion, Exaltation or Mercy of God" R.V. II Esdras 4:36. Also called Jeramiel, Jerahmiel, Jerehmiel, Ramiel, or Remiel.

Anael

"The Grace or Joy of God". Also called Aniel, Hanael, or Haniel.

Jophiel

"The Beauty of God". Also called Orifiel, Jouphiel, Zouphiel, Zophiel, Zophkiel, Zaphiel, Zaphkiel, Kaphziel, Cassiel, or Kepharel.

Zadkiel

"The Justice, Righteousness or Uprightness of God". Also called Sachiel, Tzadkiel, Zadakiel, Zedekiel, or Zedekul.

Lucifer/Satan

"The Light-Bearer" or "The Morning-Star" Isaiah 14:12; "The Enemy" Jude 1:9, Revelation 12:9) Other names for this fallen archangel (or his companions) are : Azazel, Azrael, Izrael, Izreel, or Uzziel; Camael, Chamuel, Samael, Shemuel, or Simiel; Samiaza; Satanael.

See also

Sources

Angels
First Hierarchy: Seraphim | Cherubim | Thrones
Second Hierarchy: Powers | Dominions | Principalities
Third Hierarchy: Virtues | Archangels | Angels
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