Apostles

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Other Apostles)
m (Other Apostles: some cleanup, fixing links)
Line 36: Line 36:
  
 
==Other Apostles==
 
==Other Apostles==
The [[Apostle Paul]] ([[June 29]]) is also referred to as an apostle, though he is not one of the Twelve or of the Seventy.  Other missionary saints are also referred to as apostles, though usually not as an initial title, but rather as an epithet, e.g., "Apostle to the North" (though some regard this usage as not traditionally Orthodox).  Further, other saints have the epithet "equal to the apostles" (in Greek, Ισαποστολος), usually because of their significant work in building up the Church. St. Paul shares the collective feast day with the Twelve Great Apostles. He was beheaded in Rome during the reign of Emporer Nero.
+
The [[Apostle Paul]] ([[June 29]]) is also referred to as an apostle, though he is not one of the Twelve or of the Seventy.  Other missionary saints are also referred to as apostles, though usually not as an initial title, but rather as an epithet, e.g., "Apostle to the North" (though some regard this usage as not traditionally Orthodox).  Further, other saints have the [[saint titles|epithet]] "[[Equal-to-the-Apostles]]" (in Greek, Ισαποστολος), usually because of their significant work in building up the Church. St. Paul shares the collective feast day with the Twelve Great Apostles. He was beheaded in Rome during the reign of Emporer Nero.
  
 +
* Apostle to the Abyssinians: Saint [[Frumentius]]
 
* Apostle of the Ardennes: Saint [[Saint Hubertus|Hubert]], 656 - 727
 
* Apostle of the Ardennes: Saint [[Saint Hubertus|Hubert]], 656 - 727
 
* Apostle to the Armenians: Saint [[Gregory the Illuminator]], 256 - 331
 
* Apostle to the Armenians: Saint [[Gregory the Illuminator]], 256 - 331
* Apostle to [[Styria (duchy)|Karantania]]: Bishop Virgilius of [[Salzburg]] (745-84)
+
* Apostle to Karantania: Bishop Virgilius of Salzburg, 745 - 784
* Apostle to the Cherokees: [[Cephas Washburn]]
+
 
* Apostle to the English: Saint [[Augustine of Canterbury|Augustine]], died 604
 
* Apostle to the English: Saint [[Augustine of Canterbury|Augustine]], died 604
* Apostle to the Franks: Saint [[Denis]] (3rd century)
+
* Apostle to the Franks: Saint [[Denis]], 3rd century
* Apostle to the Franks: [[Saint Remigius]], ca 437 - 533
+
* Apostle to the Franks: Saint [[Remigius]], ca. 437 - 533
 
* Apostle to the Frisians: Saint [[Willibrord]], 657 - 738
 
* Apostle to the Frisians: Saint [[Willibrord]], 657 - 738
* Apostle to the Gauls: Saint [[Irenaeus]], (130 - 200
+
* Apostle to the Gauls: Saint [[Irenaeus of Lyons|Irenaeus]], 130 - 200
 
* Apostle to the Gauls: Saint [[Martin of Tours]], 338 - 401
 
* Apostle to the Gauls: Saint [[Martin of Tours]], 338 - 401
* Apostle to the Gentiles: Saint [[Paul of Tarsus|Paul]]
+
* Apostle to the Gentiles: Saint [[Apostle Paul|Paul]]
 
* Apostle to the Germans: Saint [[Boniface]], 680 - 755
 
* Apostle to the Germans: Saint [[Boniface]], 680 - 755
* Apostle to the Goths: Bishop [[Ulfilas]]
+
* Apostle to the Goths: Bishop [[Wulfila|Ulfilas]]
 
* Apostle to Hungary: Saint [[Anastasius]], 954 - 1044
 
* Apostle to Hungary: Saint [[Anastasius]], 954 - 1044
* Apostle to India: Saint [[Thomas (apostle)|Thomas]]
+
* Apostle to India: Saint [[Apostle Thomas|Thomas]]
* Apostle to Ireland: Saint [[Saint Patrick|Patrick]], 373 - 463
+
* Apostle to Ireland: Saint [[Patrick of Ireland|Patrick]], 373 - 463
* Apostle to [[Noricum]]: Saint [[Severinus]]
+
* Apostle to Noricum: Saint [[Severinus]]
 
* Apostle to the North: Saint [[Ansgar]], 801 - 864
 
* Apostle to the North: Saint [[Ansgar]], 801 - 864
* Apostle to the Parthians: Saint [[Thomas (apostle)|Thomas]]
+
* Apostle to the Parthians: Saint [[Apostle Thomas|Thomas]]
 
* Apostle to the Picts: Saint [[Ninian]], 5th century
 
* Apostle to the Picts: Saint [[Ninian]], 5th century
 
* Apostle to the Scots: Saint [[Columba]], 521 - 597
 
* Apostle to the Scots: Saint [[Columba]], 521 - 597
* Apostle to the Slavs: Saint [[Cyril]], c 820 - 869
+
* Apostle to the Slavs: Saint [[Cyril]], ca. 820 - 869
* Apostle to the Slavs: [[Saint Methodius]]
+
* Apostle to the Slavs: Saint [[Methodius]]
* Apostle of [[Spain]]s: [[James the Great]] (d. [[44]])
+
* Apostle of Spains: Saint [[Apostle James (son of Zebedee)|James the Great]], d. 44
 
+
 
+
  
  

Revision as of 06:37, August 29, 2005

The Calling of the Twelve

An Apostle is one who is sent out by our Lord Jesus Christ to spread the gospel that he is the Messiah, that he is risen, and that we are being saved as a result.

The word apostle comes from the Greek αποστολος, literally meaning "one who is sent out." Originally a military term referring to a sortie sent out against the enemy, apostle has in the Christian context come to refer to a missionary spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ.

The Twelve

Synaxis of the Twelve Apostles

Our Lord originally appointed twelve apostles as his initial Church community, commissioned with the task of sharing the faith. As told in the Gospels, Judas Iscariot was originally one of them, but with his apostasy and death, he was replaced with Matthias. Their collective feast day is June 30.

After Judas' replacement, the Twelve consisted of the following:

The Seventy

The Seventy Apostles are those whom the Lord chose (described in Luke 10:1-16) in addition to the Twelve and sent forth to assist in the work of preaching. Over time, the Twelve added others to their number, who were sent out with the original Seventy to preach the gospel. Although this number eventually exceeded seventy, they were all nevertheless referred to as "of the Seventy" out of reverence to the number which the Lord originally chose. Their collective feast day is January 4.

Communion of the Apostles

It is difficult to determine a comprehensive and accurate list of the Seventy, but here are some of their names:

Achaicus, Agabus, Alphaeus, Amplias, Ananias (who baptized Paul), Andronicus, Apelles, Apollo, Apphia, Aquila, Archippus, Aristarchus, Aristobulus, Artemas, Asyncritus, Barnabas (leader of the Seventy and companion of Paul), Caesar, Carpus, Cephas, Clement, Cleopas (who accompanied the Lord to Emmaus), Crescens, Crispus, Epaphroditus, Epenetus, Erastus, Evodus, Fortunatus, Gaius, Hermas, Hermes (bishop of Dalmatia), Herodian, James (the Brother of God, also called "the Less"), Jason, Junia, Justus (brother of the Lord), Linus, Lucius, Luke the Evangelist (companion of Paul and author of the Gospel that bears his name), Mark the Evangelist (companion of Paul and author of the Gospel that bears his name), Narcissus, Nathaniel, Nicanor (one of the original seven deacons), Olympas, Onesimus, Onesiphorus, Parmenas (one of the original seven deacons), Patrobas, Philemon, Philip (one of the original seven deacons), Philologos, Phlegon, Priscilla, Prochorus (one of the original seven deacons), Pudens, Quadratus, Quartus, Rodion, Rufus, Silas (companion of Paul), Silvan, Sosipater, Sosthenes, Stachys, Stephen the Protomartyr (one of the original seven deacons), Terpnus, Tertius, Thaddeus (sometimes confused with Jude of the Twelve), Timon (one of the original seven deacons), Timothy (companion of Paul), Titus, Trophimus, Urban, Zacchaeus, and Zenas.

Other Apostles

The Apostle Paul (June 29) is also referred to as an apostle, though he is not one of the Twelve or of the Seventy. Other missionary saints are also referred to as apostles, though usually not as an initial title, but rather as an epithet, e.g., "Apostle to the North" (though some regard this usage as not traditionally Orthodox). Further, other saints have the epithet "Equal-to-the-Apostles" (in Greek, Ισαποστολος), usually because of their significant work in building up the Church. St. Paul shares the collective feast day with the Twelve Great Apostles. He was beheaded in Rome during the reign of Emporer Nero.

  • Apostle to the Abyssinians: Saint Frumentius
  • Apostle of the Ardennes: Saint Hubert, 656 - 727
  • Apostle to the Armenians: Saint Gregory the Illuminator, 256 - 331
  • Apostle to Karantania: Bishop Virgilius of Salzburg, 745 - 784
  • Apostle to the English: Saint Augustine, died 604
  • Apostle to the Franks: Saint Denis, 3rd century
  • Apostle to the Franks: Saint Remigius, ca. 437 - 533
  • Apostle to the Frisians: Saint Willibrord, 657 - 738
  • Apostle to the Gauls: Saint Irenaeus, 130 - 200
  • Apostle to the Gauls: Saint Martin of Tours, 338 - 401
  • Apostle to the Gentiles: Saint Paul
  • Apostle to the Germans: Saint Boniface, 680 - 755
  • Apostle to the Goths: Bishop Ulfilas
  • Apostle to Hungary: Saint Anastasius, 954 - 1044
  • Apostle to India: Saint Thomas
  • Apostle to Ireland: Saint Patrick, 373 - 463
  • Apostle to Noricum: Saint Severinus
  • Apostle to the North: Saint Ansgar, 801 - 864
  • Apostle to the Parthians: Saint Thomas
  • Apostle to the Picts: Saint Ninian, 5th century
  • Apostle to the Scots: Saint Columba, 521 - 597
  • Apostle to the Slavs: Saint Cyril, ca. 820 - 869
  • Apostle to the Slavs: Saint Methodius
  • Apostle of Spains: Saint James the Great, d. 44
Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox