Apostle Paul

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[[Image:Apostle Paul.JPG|right|frame|St. Paul]]
 
[[Image:Apostle Paul.JPG|right|frame|St. Paul]]
The holy, glorious, all-laudable '''Apostle Paul''' was not one of the Twelve [[Apostles]].  Paul was the 'Apostle to the Gentiles' (Romans 11:13, Galatians 2:8, 1 Timothy 2:7), being converted while on the road to Damascus by [[Jesus]] Himself.  The Church remembers St. Paul together with St. Peter on [[June 29]].
+
The holy, glorious, all-laudable '''Apostle Paul''' was not one of the Twelve [[Apostles]].  Paul was the "Apostle to the Gentiles" (Romans 11:13, Galatians 2:8, [[First Epistle of Paul to Timothy|1 Timothy]] 2:7), being [[convert]]ed while on the road to Damascus by [[Jesus]] Himself.  The Church remembers St. Paul together with St. Peter on [[June 29]].
  
 
== Life ==
 
== Life ==
Named Saul at his birth in the city of Tarsus, the Holy Apostle was a son of the tribe of Benjamin.  Saul became a Pharisee under Gamaliel, one of the chief Jewish Rabbis (Masters/Teachers) of the day.  After his study under the great Rabbi, Saul became one of the chief persecutors of Christians.  Present at the stoning of St [[Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr|Stephen]] ([[Acts]] 7: 58), Saul later found himself blinded by [[Jesus]] Himself on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-22).  Sought out by the [[Apostle Ananias]], Saul immediately repented and Ananias baptized him.  Saul, soon after his conversion called Paul, was later named and numbered among the [[Apostles]]. The extent of Paul's preaching as he spread the [[Gospel]] went far and wide from Arabia to Spain, to both Jews and Gentiles. He was called the "Apostle to the Gentiles." Paul spent his new life in suffering and labor for Christ, establishing and organizing churches everywhere. He reached such a state of perfection that he was able to say to the Church at Galatia: ''not I, but Christ lives in me'' ([[Galatians]] 2:20).  Like the [[Apostle Barnabas]], Paul studied under Gamaliel.
+
Named Saul at his birth in the city of Tarsus, the holy apostle was a son of the tribe of Benjamin.  Saul became a [[Pharisee]] under Gamaliel, one of the chief Jewish Rabbis (Masters/Teachers) of the day.  After his study under the great Rabbi, Saul became one of the chief persecutors of Christians.  Present at the stoning of St [[Apostle Stephen the Protomartyr|Stephen]] ([[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 7: 58), Saul later found himself blinded by [[Jesus]] Himself on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-22).  Sought out by the [[Apostle Ananias]], Saul immediately repented and Ananias baptized him.  Saul, soon after his conversion called Paul, was later named and numbered among the [[Apostles]]. The extent of Paul's preaching as he spread the [[Gospel]] went far and wide from Arabia to Spain, to both Jews and Gentiles. He was called the "Apostle to the Gentiles." Paul spent his new life in suffering and labor for Christ, establishing and organizing churches everywhere. He reached such a state of perfection that he was able to say to the Church at Galatia: "not I, but Christ lives in me" ([[Galatians]] 2:20).  Like the [[Apostle Barnabas]], Paul studied under Gamaliel.
  
The account of Paul's [[missionary]] journeys and the letters he wrote to the Churches he founded form an important part of the [[New Testament]].  St. Paul was martyred with the [[Apostle Peter]] under [[Nero]] by beheading.
+
The account of Paul's [[missionary]] journeys and the letters he wrote to the Churches he founded form an important part of the [[New Testament]].  St. Paul was [[martyr]]ed with the [[Apostle Peter]] under [[Nero]] by beheading.
  
 
== Letters ==
 
== Letters ==
The Church has canonized several of his [[epistle]]s to the churches, including:
+
The Church has [[Holy Scripture|canonized]] several of his [[epistle]]s to the churches, including:
 
*[[Romans]]
 
*[[Romans]]
 
*[[I Corinthians|I]] & [[II Corinithians|II]] Corinthians
 
*[[I Corinthians|I]] & [[II Corinithians|II]] Corinthians
Line 17: Line 17:
 
*[[I Thessalonians|I]] & [[II Thessalonians|II]] Thessalonians
 
*[[I Thessalonians|I]] & [[II Thessalonians|II]] Thessalonians
 
*[[I Timothy|I]] & [[II Timothy|II]] Timothy
 
*[[I Timothy|I]] & [[II Timothy|II]] Timothy
*[[Titus]]
+
*[[Book of Titus|Titus]]
 
*[[Book of Philemon|Philemon]]
 
*[[Book of Philemon|Philemon]]
*[[Hebrews]]
+
*[[Book of Hebrews|Hebrews]]
  
Modern scholarship has contested the authenticity of several of these letters.  Hebrews in particular, whose authorship was disputed even in the early church, was most likely not written by St. Paul.  However, the Church lectionary introduces readings from each of these epistles as "from the epistle of St. Paul to..." as the lessons and commentary by the Chuch Fathers edify the Faithful towards [[Salvation]].
+
Modern scholarship has contested the authenticity of several of these letters.  Hebrews in particular, whose authorship was disputed even in the early church, was most likely not written by St. Paul.  However, the Church lectionary introduces readings from each of these epistles as "from the epistle of St. Paul to..." as the lessons and commentary by the Church Fathers edify the Faithful towards [[Salvation]].
  
 
== Feasts & Fasts ==
 
== Feasts & Fasts ==
The life of St. Paul, his letters in particular, are celebrated in the Orthodox Church with annual feasts and fasts.  Being one of the four seasonal fasts, the fast of Sts. Peter & Paul is the summer fast that begins nine days after [[Pentecost]], and continues until their joint feast day of June 29th.
+
The life of St. Paul, his letters in particular, are celebrated in the Orthodox Church with annual feasts and fasts.  Being one of the four seasonal [[fast]]s, the fast of Sts. Peter & Paul is the summer fast that begins nine days after [[Pentecost]], and continues until their joint [[feast day]] of June 29.
  
 
== Intercessions ==
 
== Intercessions ==
St. Paul is the intercessor for voyagers by sea, homilists...
+
St. Paul is the intercessor for, among others, voyagers by sea and homilists.
  
 
==Hymns==
 
==Hymns==
[[Troparion]] (Tone 4)
+
[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 4)
  
 
:First-enthroned of the apostles,
 
:First-enthroned of the apostles,
Line 54: Line 54:
 
:Giving glory to the one who gave glory to them!
 
:Giving glory to the one who gave glory to them!
  
== Source ==
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==Source==
 
*St. [[Nikolai Velimirovic]], ''The [[Prologue of Ohrid]]''
 
*St. [[Nikolai Velimirovic]], ''The [[Prologue of Ohrid]]''
  
[[Category:Biblical Saints]]
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==External links==
[[Category:Martyrs]]
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=101842 The Holy Glorious and All-Praised Leader of the Apostles, Paul] ([[OCA]])
[[Category:Saints]]
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*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=103 Peter and Paul, the Holy Apostles] ([[GOARCH]])
 +
*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/p/ppw02.htm Icon of the Conversion of the Apostle Paul]
 +
 
 +
[[Category:Biblical Saints|Paul]]
 +
[[Category:Martyrs|Paul]]
 +
[[Category:Saints|Paul]]
 +
[[Category:1st-century saints]]
 +
 
 +
[[el:Απόστολος Παύλος]]
 +
[[ro:Apostolul Pavel]]
 +
[[ar:بولس الرسول]]

Latest revision as of 08:59, October 22, 2012

St. Paul

The holy, glorious, all-laudable Apostle Paul was not one of the Twelve Apostles. Paul was the "Apostle to the Gentiles" (Romans 11:13, Galatians 2:8, 1 Timothy 2:7), being converted while on the road to Damascus by Jesus Himself. The Church remembers St. Paul together with St. Peter on June 29.

Contents

Life

Named Saul at his birth in the city of Tarsus, the holy apostle was a son of the tribe of Benjamin. Saul became a Pharisee under Gamaliel, one of the chief Jewish Rabbis (Masters/Teachers) of the day. After his study under the great Rabbi, Saul became one of the chief persecutors of Christians. Present at the stoning of St Stephen (Acts 7: 58), Saul later found himself blinded by Jesus Himself on the road to Damascus (Acts 9:1-22). Sought out by the Apostle Ananias, Saul immediately repented and Ananias baptized him. Saul, soon after his conversion called Paul, was later named and numbered among the Apostles. The extent of Paul's preaching as he spread the Gospel went far and wide from Arabia to Spain, to both Jews and Gentiles. He was called the "Apostle to the Gentiles." Paul spent his new life in suffering and labor for Christ, establishing and organizing churches everywhere. He reached such a state of perfection that he was able to say to the Church at Galatia: "not I, but Christ lives in me" (Galatians 2:20). Like the Apostle Barnabas, Paul studied under Gamaliel.

The account of Paul's missionary journeys and the letters he wrote to the Churches he founded form an important part of the New Testament. St. Paul was martyred with the Apostle Peter under Nero by beheading.

Letters

The Church has canonized several of his epistles to the churches, including:

Modern scholarship has contested the authenticity of several of these letters. Hebrews in particular, whose authorship was disputed even in the early church, was most likely not written by St. Paul. However, the Church lectionary introduces readings from each of these epistles as "from the epistle of St. Paul to..." as the lessons and commentary by the Church Fathers edify the Faithful towards Salvation.

Feasts & Fasts

The life of St. Paul, his letters in particular, are celebrated in the Orthodox Church with annual feasts and fasts. Being one of the four seasonal fasts, the fast of Sts. Peter & Paul is the summer fast that begins nine days after Pentecost, and continues until their joint feast day of June 29.

Intercessions

St. Paul is the intercessor for, among others, voyagers by sea and homilists.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 4)

First-enthroned of the apostles,
teachers of the universe:
Entreat the Master of all
to grant peace to the world,
and to our souls great mercy!

Kontakion (Tone 2)

O Lord, You have taken up to eternal rest
and to the enjoyment of Your blessings
the two divinely-inspired preachers, the leaders of the Apostles,
for You have accepted their labors and deaths as a sweet-smelling sacrifice,
for You alone know what lies in the hearts of men.

Kontakion (Tone 2)

Today Christ the Rock glorifies with highest honor
The rock of Faith and leader of the Apostles,
Together with Paul and the company of the twelve,
Whose memory we celebrate with eagerness of faith,
Giving glory to the one who gave glory to them!

Source

External links

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