Apostle Matthew

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (refined cats, added ext. links and links)
 
(4 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
[[image:Matthew.jpg|right|thumb|An image of St. Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript]]The holy, glorious and all-laudable [[apostles|Apostle]] and [[Evangelist]] '''Matthew''' is traditionally believed to be the author of the [[Gospel of Matthew]]. The apostle's symbol is an [[angel]]. He is commemorated by the Church on [[November 16]], as well as on [[June 30]] with the Twelve.  
+
[[image:Matthew.jpg|right|thumb|An image of St. Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript]]The holy, glorious and all-laudable [[apostles|Apostle]] and [[Evangelist]] '''Matthew''' is the author of the [[Gospel of Matthew]] and one of the Twelve Apostles. The apostle's symbol is an [[angel]]. He is commemorated by the Church on [[November 16]], as well as on [[June 30]] with the Twelve.  
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Line 6: Line 6:
 
The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the [[New Testament]] is in [[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 1:13.  
 
The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the [[New Testament]] is in [[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 1:13.  
  
After the [[resurrection]] of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in Aramaic and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the [[gospel]]. There he was [[martyr]]ed by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a [[presbyter]] by the [[Bishop]] Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.
+
After the [[resurrection]] of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in [[Aramaic]] and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the [[gospel]]. There he was [[martyr]]ed by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a [[presbyter]] by the [[Bishop]] Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.
  
 
==Hymns==
 
==Hymns==
Line 15: Line 15:
 
:Summoning you from the custom house,
 
:Summoning you from the custom house,
 
:He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
 
:He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
:the proclaimer of the the Gospel to the whole world!
+
:the proclaimer of the Gospel to the whole world!
 
:Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
 
:Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
 
:we honor your precious memory!
 
:we honor your precious memory!
Line 43: Line 43:
  
 
[[ar:متى الرسول]]
 
[[ar:متى الرسول]]
 +
[[el:Απόστολος Ματθαίος]]
 +
[[ro:Apostolul Matei]]

Latest revision as of 04:36, November 16, 2011

An image of St. Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript
The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist Matthew is the author of the Gospel of Matthew and one of the Twelve Apostles. The apostle's symbol is an angel. He is commemorated by the Church on November 16, as well as on June 30 with the Twelve.

Contents

Life

Matthew was originally called Levi. He was the son of Alphaeus and was by profession a publican, or tax-collector, at Capernaum. On one occasion Jesus, coming up from the side of the lake, passed the custom-house where Matthew was seated and said to him, "Follow me." Matthew arose and followed Christ, becoming his disciple (Matthew 9:9). He changed his name to reflect his new calling. "Matthew" means "Gift of the Lord."

The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" (Luke 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the New Testament is in Acts 1:13.

After the resurrection of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in Aramaic and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the gospel. There he was martyred by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a presbyter by the Bishop Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 3) [1]

With zeal, you followed Christ the Master,
who in His goodness, appeared on earth to mankind.
Summoning you from the custom house,
He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
the proclaimer of the Gospel to the whole world!
Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
we honor your precious memory!
Entreat merciful God that He may grant our souls remission of transgressions.

Kontakion (Tone 4) [2]

Casting aside the bonds of the custom house for the yoke of justice,
you were revealed as an excellent merchant, rich in wisdom from on high.
You proclaimed the word of truth
and roused the souls of the slothful
by writing of the hour of Judgment.

Sources

External links

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox
In other languages