Apostle Matthew

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[[image:Matthew.jpg|right|thumb|An image of St Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript]]The holy, glorious and all-laudable [[apostles|Apostle]] and [[Evangelist]] '''Matthew''' is traditionally believed to be the author of the [[Gospel of Matthew]]. The apostle's symbol is an angel. He is commemorated by the Church on [[November 16]].  
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[[image:Matthew.jpg|right|thumb|An image of St. Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript]]The holy, glorious and all-laudable [[apostles|Apostle]] and [[Evangelist]] '''Matthew''' is the author of the [[Gospel of Matthew]] and one of the Twelve Apostles. The apostle's symbol is an [[angel]]. He is commemorated by the Church on [[November 16]], as well as on [[June 30]] with the Twelve.  
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Matthew was originally called Levi. He was the son of Alphaeus and was by profession a publican, or tax-collector, at Capernaum. On one occasion [[Jesus Christ|Jesus]], coming up from the side of the lake, passed the custom-house where Matthew was seated and said to him, "Follow me." Matthew arose and followed Christ, becoming his disciple (Matthew 9:9). He changed his name to reflect his new calling (Matthew means "Gift of the Lord").
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Matthew was originally called Levi. He was the son of Alphaeus and was by profession a publican, or tax-collector, at Capernaum. On one occasion [[Jesus Christ|Jesus]], coming up from the side of the lake, passed the custom-house where Matthew was seated and said to him, "Follow me." Matthew arose and followed Christ, becoming his [[disciple]] (Matthew 9:9). He changed his name to reflect his new calling. "Matthew" means "Gift of the Lord."
  
The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" (Luke 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the [[New Testament]] is in [[Acts]] 1:13.  
+
The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" ([[Gospel of Luke|Luke]] 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the [[New Testament]] is in [[Acts of the Apostles|Acts]] 1:13.  
  
After the resurrection of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in Aramaic and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the [[gospel]]. There he was martyred by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a presbyter by the Bishop Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.
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After the [[resurrection]] of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in [[Aramaic]] and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the [[gospel]]. There he was [[martyr]]ed by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a [[presbyter]] by the [[Bishop]] Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.
  
 
==Hymns==
 
==Hymns==
[[Troparion]] (Tone 3)
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[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 3) [http://www.oca.org/FSTropars.asp?ID=103313]
  
 
:With zeal, you followed Christ the Master,
 
:With zeal, you followed Christ the Master,
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:Summoning you from the custom house,
 
:Summoning you from the custom house,
 
:He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
 
:He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
:the proclaimer of the the Gospel to the whole world!
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:the proclaimer of the Gospel to the whole world!
 
:Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
 
:Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
 
:we honor your precious memory!
 
:we honor your precious memory!
 
:Entreat merciful God that He may grant our souls remission of transgressions.
 
:Entreat merciful God that He may grant our souls remission of transgressions.
  
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 4)
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[[Kontakion]] (Tone 4) [http://www.oca.org/FSTropars.asp?ID=103313]
  
 
:Casting aside the bonds of the custom house for the yoke of justice,
 
:Casting aside the bonds of the custom house for the yoke of justice,
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:and roused the souls of the slothful
 
:and roused the souls of the slothful
 
:by writing of the hour of Judgment.
 
:by writing of the hour of Judgment.
==Sources and external links==
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==Sources==
 
*[[w:Matthew the Evangelist|Wikipedia's Matthew]]
 
*[[w:Matthew the Evangelist|Wikipedia's Matthew]]
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=103313 OCA Hagiography]
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=103313 Apostle and Evangelist Matthew], November 16 ([[OCA]])
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==External links==
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/m/phn16.htm Evangelist Matthew Icon and Story]
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=101851 Apostle and Evangelist Matthew], June 30 (OCA)
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*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=294 Matthew the Apostle & Evangelist] ([[GOARCH]])
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[[Category:Saints|Matthew]]
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[[Category:Martyrs|Matthew]]
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[[Category:Biblical Saints|Matthew]]
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[[Category:Missionaries|Matthew]]
  
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[ar:متى الرسول]]
[[Category:Martyrs]]
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[[el:Απόστολος Ματθαίος]]
[[Category:Biblical Saints]]
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[[ro:Apostolul Matei]]
[[Category:Missionaries]]
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Latest revision as of 05:36, November 16, 2011

An image of St. Matthew writing his Gospel from a 10th century manuscript
The holy, glorious and all-laudable Apostle and Evangelist Matthew is the author of the Gospel of Matthew and one of the Twelve Apostles. The apostle's symbol is an angel. He is commemorated by the Church on November 16, as well as on June 30 with the Twelve.

Contents

Life

Matthew was originally called Levi. He was the son of Alphaeus and was by profession a publican, or tax-collector, at Capernaum. On one occasion Jesus, coming up from the side of the lake, passed the custom-house where Matthew was seated and said to him, "Follow me." Matthew arose and followed Christ, becoming his disciple (Matthew 9:9). He changed his name to reflect his new calling. "Matthew" means "Gift of the Lord."

The same day on which Jesus called him he made a "great feast" (Luke 5:29), a farewell feast, to which he invited Jesus and his disciples and probably also many of his old associates. The last notice of him in the New Testament is in Acts 1:13.

After the resurrection of our Lord, Matthew went and preached amongst the Jews. His Gospel was probably first written in Aramaic and later translated into Greek. Eventually Matthew went to Ethiopia to spread the gospel. There he was martyred by Fulvian, the ruler of the region, by being set on fire. After Matthew willingly gave up his soul to the Lord, his body was put in a coffin and cast into the sea. It washed up at the site of the church he had built. Fulvian, Matthew's persecutor, immediately repented of his deed, renounced his position of worldly power, and was made a presbyter by the Bishop Platon (or Plato). Once Platon died, the apostle appeared to the priest (who had taken the name Matthew as well) and told him to assume the bishop's throne.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 3) [1]

With zeal, you followed Christ the Master,
who in His goodness, appeared on earth to mankind.
Summoning you from the custom house,
He revealed you as a chosen apostle:
the proclaimer of the Gospel to the whole world!
Therefore, divinely eloquent Matthew,
we honor your precious memory!
Entreat merciful God that He may grant our souls remission of transgressions.

Kontakion (Tone 4) [2]

Casting aside the bonds of the custom house for the yoke of justice,
you were revealed as an excellent merchant, rich in wisdom from on high.
You proclaimed the word of truth
and roused the souls of the slothful
by writing of the hour of Judgment.

Sources

External links

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