Annunciation

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[[Image:Annunciation.jpg|right|frame|The Annunciation to the Theotokos]]
 
[[Image:Annunciation.jpg|right|frame|The Annunciation to the Theotokos]]
The '''Annunciation''' (or Evangelismos in Greek) to the [[Theotokos]] is one of the [[Great Feasts]] of the [[Orthodox Church]], celebrated on [[March 25]].  Greeks also celebrate [[Greek Independence Day]] this day.  This is one of only two days during [[Great Lent|Lent]], the other being [[Palm Sunday]], when fish is permitted.
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The '''Annunciation''' (or ''Evangelismos'' in Greek) to the [[Theotokos]] is one of the [[Great Feasts]] of the [[Orthodox Church]], celebrated on [[March 25]].  Greeks also celebrate Greek Independence Day this day.  This is one of only two days during [[Great Lent|Lent]], the other being [[Palm Sunday]], when fish is permitted.
  
According to the [[Gospel of Luke]] 1:26-38, the [[Archangel Gabriel]] appeared to [[Theotokos|Mary]] to announce to her that she would conceive and bear a son, even though she "knew no man."  According to holy tradition Mary had come home to her parents when she was only fifteen when she was visited by Gabriel.
+
According to the [[Gospel of Luke]] 1:26-38, the [[Archangel Gabriel]] appeared to Mary to announce to her that she would conceive and bear a son, even though she "knew no man."  According to holy tradition Mary had come home to her parents when she was only fifteen when she was visited by Gabriel.
  
This date was selected by the [[Church Fathers]] to be exactly nine months ahead of [[Nativity|Christmas]], indicating that Christ was conceived in perfection at that time "of the [[Holy Spirit]] and the [[Theotokos|Virgin Mary]]," as stated in the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]].
+
This date was selected by the [[Church Fathers]] to be exactly nine months ahead of the [[Nativity]] of Our Lord (or vice-versa?), indicating that Christ was conceived in perfection at that time "of the [[Holy Spirit]] and the Virgin Mary," as stated in the [[Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed]].
  
Many men and women in Greece are named for this event and celebrate their name day on this date.   
+
Many men and women in Greece are named for this event and celebrate their [[name day]] on this date.   
*Greek: Evangelia (f) and Evangelos (m)
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*Greek: ''Evangelia'' (f) and ''Evangelos'' (m)
 +
*English: ''Evangeline'' (f) and ''Evan'' and ''Angelo'' (m)
  
*English Evangelilne (f) and Evan and Angelo (m)
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In Arabic traditions, the names ''Bechara'', ''Beshara'', or ''Bashar'' (all of which mean "good news") are used by men for whom this feast is also their name day.
  
== Greek Traditions ==
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==Celebration of the feast==
Many people make a [[pilgrimage]] as a special tribute to the [[Theotokos]] on the island of Tinos.  Thousands of pilgrims jam the docks and city streets to visit the [[Church of Evangelistria (Tinos, Greece)]] that safeguards a miraculous healing [[icon]] of the [[Theotokos]].  Revealed in a vision, it was found buried in a field in 1823, and the church was built to house it.  Pilgrims bring items of precious metals and other gifts to leave at the churchOn [[August 15]] ([[Dormition]] of the Theotokos) and [[March 25]] the icon is carried through town in a grand procession.
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The feast of the Annunciation normally falls during the season of [[Great Lent]], but it is still a joyous dayThe [[fast]] is lessened, with fish allowed on this day.  
{{stub}}
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If the feast comes on a weekday of Lent, the [[Divine Liturgy]] of the feast is served in the evening with [[Vespers]] (in some traditions). When this happens, the fasting rules for the [[Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts]] are followed. The Divine Liturgy of the Annunciation is the only celebration of the [[Eucharist]]ic liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom allowed on a weekday of Great Lent.
  
== Hymns ==
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If the feast falls on the same day as [[Pascha]], the resultant festival is called [[Kyriopascha]] and is celebrated with special [[rubrics]]. Presently, Kyriopascha is possible only among the churches that observe the old style or traditional [[Julian calendar]] or the [[Gregorian calendar]] (that is, [[Finland]] and [[Estonia]]).
  
 +
== Greek traditions ==
 +
Many people make a [[pilgrimage]] as a special tribute to the Theotokos on the island of Tinos.  Thousands of pilgrims jam the docks and city streets to visit the [[Church of Evangelistria (Tinos, Greece)]] that safeguards a miraculous healing [[icon]] of the Theotokos.  Revealed in a vision, it was found buried in a field in 1823, and the church was built to house it.  Pilgrims bring items of precious metals and other gifts to leave at the church.  On [[August 15]] ([[Dormition]] of the Theotokos) and [[March 25]] the icon is carried through town in a grand procession. 
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 +
== Hymns ==
 
[[Troparion]] (Tone 4) [http://www.oca.org/FStropars.asp?SID=13&ID=100876]
 
[[Troparion]] (Tone 4) [http://www.oca.org/FStropars.asp?SID=13&ID=100876]
 
:Today is the beginning of our salvation,
 
:Today is the beginning of our salvation,
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:Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos:
 
:Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos:
 
:Rejoice, O Full of Grace,
 
:Rejoice, O Full of Grace,
:The Lord is with You!
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:The [[Lord]] is with You!
  
 
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 8)
 
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 8)
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:As you possess invincible might, set us free from every calamity
 
:As you possess invincible might, set us free from every calamity
 
:So that we may sing: Rejoice, O unwedded Bride!
 
:So that we may sing: Rejoice, O unwedded Bride!
 +
===Forefeast hymns===
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Troparion (Tone 4)
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 +
:Today is the prelude of joy for the universe!
 +
:Let us anticipate the feast and celebrate with exultation:
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:Gabriel is on his way to announce the glad tidings to the Virgin;
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:He is ready to cry out in fear and wonder:
 +
:Rejoice, O Full of Grace, the Lord is with You!
 +
 +
Kontakion (Tone 8)
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:You are the beginning of salvation for all of us on earth, Virgin Mother of God.
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:For the great Archangel Gabriel, God's minister,
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:Was sent from heaven to stand before you to bring you joy:
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:Therefore, we all cry to you: Rejoice, O unwedded Bride.
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==See also==
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*[[Kyriopascha]]
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*[[Magnificat]] - also called the ''Song of the Theotokos''
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==External links==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsLife.asp?FSID=100884 The Annunciation of our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever-Virgin Mary] - [[OCA]] web site
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*[http://www.goarch.org/special/listen_learn_share/annunciation The Annunciation of our Most Holy Lady, the Theotokos and Ever Virgin Mary] - [[GOARCH]] web site
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*[http://oca.org/OCchapter.asp?SID=2&ID=84 Annunciation] - ''The Orthodox Faith'', by the V. Rev. [[Thomas Hopko]]
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*[http://www.comeandseeicons.com/festal/festal.htm#phi01 Icons of Annunciation]
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*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/annunciation_holysat.htm Texts when Annunciation falls on Holy Saturday]
  
 
[[Category:Feasts]]
 
[[Category:Feasts]]
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[[Category:Great Feasts]]
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[[el:Ευαγγελισμός της Θεοτόκου]]
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[[fr:Annonciation]]
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[[mk:Свето Благовештение]]
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[[ro:Bunavestire]]

Latest revision as of 05:12, June 21, 2011

The Annunciation to the Theotokos

The Annunciation (or Evangelismos in Greek) to the Theotokos is one of the Great Feasts of the Orthodox Church, celebrated on March 25. Greeks also celebrate Greek Independence Day this day. This is one of only two days during Lent, the other being Palm Sunday, when fish is permitted.

According to the Gospel of Luke 1:26-38, the Archangel Gabriel appeared to Mary to announce to her that she would conceive and bear a son, even though she "knew no man." According to holy tradition Mary had come home to her parents when she was only fifteen when she was visited by Gabriel.

This date was selected by the Church Fathers to be exactly nine months ahead of the Nativity of Our Lord (or vice-versa?), indicating that Christ was conceived in perfection at that time "of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary," as stated in the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed.

Many men and women in Greece are named for this event and celebrate their name day on this date.

  • Greek: Evangelia (f) and Evangelos (m)
  • English: Evangeline (f) and Evan and Angelo (m)

In Arabic traditions, the names Bechara, Beshara, or Bashar (all of which mean "good news") are used by men for whom this feast is also their name day.

Contents

Celebration of the feast

The feast of the Annunciation normally falls during the season of Great Lent, but it is still a joyous day. The fast is lessened, with fish allowed on this day.

If the feast comes on a weekday of Lent, the Divine Liturgy of the feast is served in the evening with Vespers (in some traditions). When this happens, the fasting rules for the Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts are followed. The Divine Liturgy of the Annunciation is the only celebration of the Eucharistic liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom allowed on a weekday of Great Lent.

If the feast falls on the same day as Pascha, the resultant festival is called Kyriopascha and is celebrated with special rubrics. Presently, Kyriopascha is possible only among the churches that observe the old style or traditional Julian calendar or the Gregorian calendar (that is, Finland and Estonia).

Greek traditions

Many people make a pilgrimage as a special tribute to the Theotokos on the island of Tinos. Thousands of pilgrims jam the docks and city streets to visit the Church of Evangelistria (Tinos, Greece) that safeguards a miraculous healing icon of the Theotokos. Revealed in a vision, it was found buried in a field in 1823, and the church was built to house it. Pilgrims bring items of precious metals and other gifts to leave at the church. On August 15 (Dormition of the Theotokos) and March 25 the icon is carried through town in a grand procession.

Hymns

Troparion (Tone 4) [1]

Today is the beginning of our salvation,
The revelation of the eternal mystery!
The Son of God becomes the Son of the Virgin
As Gabriel announces the coming of Grace.
Together with him let us cry to the Theotokos:
Rejoice, O Full of Grace,
The Lord is with You!

Kontakion (Tone 8)

O Victorious Leader of Triumphant Hosts!
We, your servants, delivered from evil, sing our grateful thanks to you, O Theotokos!
As you possess invincible might, set us free from every calamity
So that we may sing: Rejoice, O unwedded Bride!

Forefeast hymns

Troparion (Tone 4)

Today is the prelude of joy for the universe!
Let us anticipate the feast and celebrate with exultation:
Gabriel is on his way to announce the glad tidings to the Virgin;
He is ready to cry out in fear and wonder:
Rejoice, O Full of Grace, the Lord is with You!

Kontakion (Tone 8)

You are the beginning of salvation for all of us on earth, Virgin Mother of God.
For the great Archangel Gabriel, God's minister,
Was sent from heaven to stand before you to bring you joy:
Therefore, we all cry to you: Rejoice, O unwedded Bride.

See also

External links

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