Andrew of Crete

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[[Image:Andrewofcrete.jpg|right|thumb|200px|St. Andrew of Crete]]
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Our father among the saints '''Andrew of Crete''', was [[Archbishop]] of Crete at the end of the 7th century and the beginning of the 8th.  He was a true luminary of the Church, a great hierarch—a [[theologian]], teacher and [[hymnographer]], best known for writing the [[Great Canon]].  His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[July 4]].
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==Life==
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St. Andrew was born in the city of Damascus into a pious Christian family. Up until seven years of age the boy was mute and did not talk. However, after communing the [[Holy Mysteries]] of Christ he found the gift of speech and began to speak. And from that time the lad began earnestly to study [[Holy Scripture]] and the discipline of theology.
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At fourteen years of age he went off to [[Jerusalem]] and there he accepted [[monastic]] [[tonsure]] at the monastery of St. [[Sabbas the Sanctified|Sava the Sanctified]]. St. Andrew led a strict and chaste life, he was meek and abstinent, such that all were amazed at his virtue and reasoning of mind. As a man of talent and known for his virtuous life, over the passage of time he came to be numbered among the Jerusalem clergy and was appointed a secretary for the [[Patriarchate]]—a writing clerk. In the year 680 the ''[[locum tenens]]'' of the [[Church of Jerusalem|Jerusalem Patriarchate]], Theodore, included [[archdeacon]] Andrew among the representatives of the Holy City sent to the [[Sixth Ecumenical Council]], and here the saint contended against [[heresy|heretical teachings]], relying upon his profound knowledge of Orthodox doctrine. Shortly after the Council he was summoned back to Constantinople from Jerusalem and he was appointed archdeacon at the church of [[Hagia Sophia (Constantinople)|Hagia Sophia]], the Wisdom of God. During the reign of the emperor [[Justinian II]] (685-695) St. Andrew was [[consecration of a bishop|consecrated]] [[bishop]] of the city of Gortineia on the island of Crete.
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St. Andrew wrote many liturgical [[hymn]]s. He was the originator of a new liturgical form—the [[canon]]. Of the canons composed by him the best known is the [[Great Canon|Great Penitential Canon]], including within its 9 odes the 250 [[troparion|troparia]] recited during the [[Great Lent]]. In the First Week of Lent at the service of [[Compline]] it is read in portions (thus called "methymony") and again on Thursday of the Fifth Week at the [[All-Night Vigil]] during [[Matins]].
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St. Andrew of Crete gained renown with his many praises of the [[Theotokos|All-Pure Virgin Mary]]. To him are likewise ascribed: the Canon for the feast of the [[Nativity]] of Christ, three odes for the Compline of [[Palm Sunday]] and also in the first four days of Holy [[Passion Week]], as well as verses for the feast of the [[Meeting of the Lord]], and many another church-song. His hymnographic tradition was continued by the churchly great melodists of following ages: Saints [[John of Damascus]], [[Cosmas the Hymnographer|Cosmas of Maium]], [[Joseph the Hymnographer|Joseph the Melodist]], [[Theophanes the Confessor|Theophanes the Branded]]. There have also been preserved edifying [[sermon]]s of St. Andrew for certain of the Church feasts.
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Church historians are not of the same opinion as to the date of death of the saint. One suggests the year 712, while others the year 726. He died on the island of Mytilene, while returning to Crete from Constantinople, where he had been on churchly business. His [[relics]] were transferred to Constantinople. In the year 1350 the pious Russian pilgrim Stefan Novgorodets saw the relics at the Constantinople monastery named for St. Andrew of Crete.
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==Hymns==
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[[Troparion]] ([[Tone]] 5)
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:Like the [[Prophet]] [[David]]
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:You sang a new song
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:In the assembly of the righteous.
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:As an initiate of the [[Holy Spirit]]
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:You thundered forth your hymns of grace
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:And the word of righteousness for our salvation,
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:O Andrew, glory of the fathers.
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[[Kontakion]] (Tone 2)
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:You sounded forth divine melodies like a trumpet
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:And were a bright lamp for the world.
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:You shone with the light of the [[Trinity]], O righteous Andrew.
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:Therefore we cry to you: Ever intercede for us all!
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==Source==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?FSID=101894 St Andrew the Archbishop of Crete] ([[OCA]])
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==External links==
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*[http://goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=109 Andrew of Crete Author of the Great Canon] ([[GOARCH]])
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*[http://www.westsrbdio.org/prolog/my.html?month=July&day=4 Saint Andrew, Archbishop of Crete] (''[[Prologue of Ohrid]]'')
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*[http://comeandseeicons.com/a/sgp20.htm St. Andrew of Crete Icon and Story]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Bishops]]
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[[Category:Church Fathers]]
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[[Category:Hymnographers]]
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[[Category:Greek Saints]]
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[[es:Andrés de Creta]]
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[[ro:Andrei Criteanul]]
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Revision as of 04:14, June 10, 2008

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