Anastasios (Yannoulatos) of Albania
His Beatitude Anastasios (Yannoulatos), Archbishop of Tirana, Durrës and All Albania is the current primate of the Church of Albania. Besides being a prolific writer, Anastasios is known for his missionary initiatives in East Africa and critical leadership in the resurrection of the Albanian church in the 20th century after it was decimated by the Communist regime.
Abp. Anastasios was born Anastasios Yannoulatos, (Albanian: Anastas Janullatos; Greek: Αναστάσιος Γιαννουλάτος), on November 4, 1929 in Piraeus, Greece. He entered the Theological School of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens in 1947 and graduated in 1951 with a diploma with highest honors in Theology. After graduation he served for two years with the Greek army.
Following his national service and his recognizing a desire to be part of the spirit renewal on-going in Greece, Anastasios joined a religious brotherhood ZOE where he became a leader in making the Orthodox faith real in student movements and teenage camps. Later, he participated in the international Orthodox youth movement Syndesmos, becoming its general secretary from 1958 to 1961 and then vice-president from 1964 to 1978. In 1960, he was ordained a deacon, beginning his career in the Holy Orders.
After receiving his diaconate, Dn. Anastasios formed the inter-Orthodox mission center "Porefthentes" with the aim of educating the church in the area of missions. On May 24, 1964, Dn. Anastasios was ordained a priest and left for East Africa to celebrate his first liturgy in Uganda. However, soon Fr. Anastasios came down with malaria and had to return to Greece. With the doctors recommending his not returning to Africa, Fr. Anastasios decided to influence the church about the work of mission through the academic world.
In preparation, Fr. Anastasios turned to postgraduate studies in history of religion including ethnology, science of religions, missiology and African studies. In this pursuit, he studied at universities in Hamburg and Marburg, with research work at the Makerere University in Uganda to collect material for his doctoral thesis "The Spirit Mbandwa and the Framework of Their Cults: A Research of Aspects of African Religion".
In 1868, the efforts of Fr. Anastasios and his Porefthentes staff bore fruit in the Bureau of External Missions within the Apostoliki Diakonia of the Church of Greece, the official publishing house and missionary arm of the Church of Greece that was active in many fields, including Orthodox mission. In 1972, he was consecrated the titular Bishop of Androussa in his position as general director of Apostoliki Diakonia. Also in 1972, Bp. Anastasios was elected by the University of Athens professor of History of Religions having established a center for missionary studies during 1971 to 1976 at the university.
Furthering his work in missions, Bp. Anastasios, with Fr. Anthony Romeos, founded a monastery of nuns, the Convent of St. John the Forerunner, in Kareas, Greece, that would participate in missionary work throughout the world.
In 1980, Bp. Anastasios was asked by Patriarch Nicholas of the Church of Alexandria to take on reinvigorating the Archdiocese of East Africa. In addition to his responsibilities at the University of Athens and with the Apostoliki Diakonia, Bp. Anastasios consented. As acting archbishop during this transitional period, Abp. Anastasios worked to create a strong Orthodox community through training and establishing indigenous leaders. In 1982, he re-opened the Orthodox seminary in Nairobi that Abp. Makarios III of Cyprus had founded ten years before but remained incomplete because of political instability in Cyprus. Over the next ten years Abp. Anastasios ordained sixty two indigenous priests and deacons and forty-two readers and catechists from the graduates of the seminary. These clergy provided the foundation for the renewal of the church in East Africa. By the time he departed Africa in 1991, he left a legacy through his efforts to assimilate with the indigenous Christians and empower them to embrace Orthodoxy as their own.
In 1991, following the fall of the communist government of Albania and the ensuing political changes, Abp. Anastasios was appointed by the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I to be the Patriarchal Exarch for the Albanian Church with the mandate to re-establish the Autocephalous Church of Albania without regard to the ethnic origin of its people. He was named Archbishop of Tirana on June 24, 1992 and enthroned on August 2, 1992. For this challenge, Abp. Anastasios drew on his academic work and field accomplishments in East Africa to establish the structure to train local leaders. Under his leadership, the church opened a seminary with more than eighty students and within two years increased the Albanian clergy from eleven to fifty six.
- Facing the World: Orthodox Christian Essays on Global Concerns. St. Vladimir's Seminary Press: Crestwood, New York, 2003.
- Luke Veronis, "Missionaries, Monks, and Martyrs: Making Disciples of All Nations," Minneapolis, MN, Light & Life Publishing Company, 1994
Anastasios (Yannoulatos) of Albania
|Bishop of Androussa
|Archbishop of Albania