Ambrose (Pappa-Georgopoli) of Belaya Krinitsa

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The Old Believers (Staroveryi) or Old rituals (Staroobrjadtsyi) or, as they themselves prefer to be called, Ancient Orthodox (Drevlepravoslavnyi), are those Christians remained faithful to the ancient rites, dogmas and ecclesiastical structures of Orthodox Russian, before the changes in the seventeenth century were introduced by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow.  
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{{cleanup|Needs clear opening statement, focus on subject, encyclopedic style, etc.}}
  
Many of the Ancient Orthodox Many to Siberia and neighboring countries, especially Romania. Most of them have never lost or refused the priesthood, even though some have denied it, and are therefore called "asacerdotali" (Bespopovtsyi): their reaction to the priesthood is not motivated by the innovations of Nikon, But their vision of the imminent kingdom of the Antichrist.
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=='''Saint Ambrosii of Belaya Krinitsa'''==
 +
'''Ambrosii''' or '''Amvrosii''' (Russian) was the first [[Old Believers|Old Believers']] [[Metropolitan]] of the Ancient Orthodox Church. He was born in 1791 in Maistra, at that time part of the Ottoman Empire as Andreas Popovic. He was of Greek origin. He became a [[bishop]] in 1835. He converted to the Old Believers in 1846, thus establishing a full Church Hierarchy of the Old Believers. This hierarchy became known as the [[Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy]]. He died in 1863.  
  
Over time, the Ancient Orthodox priests founded a center at the cemetery Rogozh in Moscow, and later the monastery of Belo-Krinitsa ("white fountain") in Bukovina, then part of Austria, now in Ukraine. Although there were ancient Orthodox bishops ordained by Non-Russian Orthodox Russians prelates, none of them had left successors, because under the reign of Tsar Nicholas I lew laws restricted the reception of converts from the Official Church.
+
===Introduction===
 +
The [[Old Believers]] (''Starovery'' in Russian) or Old Ritualists (''Staroobrjadtsy'' in Russian) or, as they are also called, Ancient Orthodox (''Drevlepravoslavnye'' in Russian), are those Christians who remained faithful to the ancient rites, dogmas and ecclesiastical structures of Russian Orthodoxy as it was before the reforms in the seventeenth century introduced by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow.  
  
In Austria, he founded the monastery of Belo-Krinitsa, as a place of freedom for the Ancient Orthodox (which carried the name of Lipoveni), thanks to laws enacted in 1783 by the Emperor Joseph II. In Vienna, the Minister of Interior, Conte Kolovrat, and Archduke Ludwig prepared the way for the permission to be given by the Ferdinand in 1844, to invite a foreign bishop to establish its headquarters in Belo-Krinitsa to serve the needs of the Ancients Orthodox in the domains of the Empire.
+
Many of the Old Believers migrated to Siberia and neighboring countries, especially Romania. Most of them have never lost or refused [[priest]]hood, even though some have denied it, and are therefore called "priestless" (''Bespopovtsy'' in Russian): their view on priesthood is not motivated by the innovations of [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon]], but by their vision of the imminent kingdom of the Antichrist.
  
There existed for generations communities of Ancient Orthodox in Turkey who were European refugees from the violence in Russia, and it was natural that the search for a bishop move between their first steps. According to reports from the Russian government after the mid dell'800 about 4,000 Ancient Orthodox the Empire lived in Austria, mostly in Bukovina, on the border with Russia at the Prut river, and about 36,000 lived the Ottoman Empire. Of the latter, the majority lived in Dobruja north at the Danube delta. To put the monks in contact with the Metropolitan was Osip Semenovich Goncharov, Ataman of Nekrasovtsyi.  
+
Over time, the Old Believers founded a center at the Rogozhky cemetery in Moscow, and later the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa ("White Fountain") in Bukovina, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Ukraine. Although there had been a few Old Believer bishops ordained by Non-Russian Orthodox prelates, none of them had left successors, because under the reign of Tsar Nicholas I several laws restricted the reception of converts from the Official Church.
  
In 1811, Andrea was married, and shortly after he was ordained priest in turn by Metropolitan Matthew. In 1814 he lost his wife, who had given him a son, also named George. In 1817 he was elected Igumeno of the Monastery of the Holy Trinity on the island of Halki. Il Patriarca Costantino lo fece protosincello della Chiesa patriarcale greca nel 1827. Patriarch Constantine had him protosincello of the patriarchal Greek Church in 1827. As is clear from a document dated 9 September 1835, he was ordained Metropolitan of Sarajevo in Bosnia by Patriarch Gregory assisted by four other bishops. Remained in place for five years before being removed by the Turks.
+
In Austria-Hungary, Old Believers founded the [[monastery]] of Belaya Krinitsa, as a place of freedom for the Old Believers (which carried the name of Lipoveni), thanks to laws enacted in 1783 by the Emperor Joseph II. In Vienna, the Minister of Interior, Conte Kolovrat, and Archduke Ludwig prepared the way for the permission to be given by Ferdinand in 1844, to invite a foreign bishop to establish his headquarters in Belaya Krinitsa to serve the needs of the Old Believers in the domains of the Empire.
  
A Serb, Costantino Efimovic, was used as an interpreter between the Metropolitan Ambrose and the two ancient Orthodox monks, who examined his orthodoxy, to whom he presented the said document of the patriarch greek. Metropolitan Ambrose and his son then took time to investigate the status of the Russian Orthodox Old canonry and what he was asked, before giving its consent on 15 April 1846.
+
There existed for generations communities of Old Believers in Turkey who were European refugees from the persecutions in Russia, and it was natural that the search for a bishop in order to establish an independent full Church Hierarchy was one of their first steps. According to reports from the Russian government after the middle of the 17th century about 4,000 Old Believers lived in Austria, mostly in Bukovina, on the border with Russia at the Prut river, and about 36,000 lived the Ottoman Empire. Of the latter, the majority lived in Dobruja, north at the Danube delta. Osip Semenovich Goncharov, Ataman of the Nekrasov Cossacks, established contact between bishop Ambrosii and two Russian monks, Pavel and Alimpii, who were searching for an orthodox bishop willing to join the Old Believers.
  
After a trip along the Danube, the Metropolitan Ambrose and the two monks arrived in Tulcea, Romania in today, where five hundred Nekrasovtsyi, together with the monks of the monastery of Slavo-Rus, their Father and Igumeno Makarij Arkadij Lavrentijevskij presented to the Metropolitan traditional bread with salt. The government requested and obtained from the patriarchate greek a favorable report on the Metropolitan, before giving him permission to establish his residence in their domains. After a meeting to discuss the procedure for settlement of the Metropolitan, on 28 October 1846 he held the office Vigil in honor of St. Nicholas the miracle worker. The following day, after reading the usual profession of faith in the ritual Slavonice ecclesiastical transliterated into Greek characters, the Metropolitan was accepted according to Canon 95 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council. The priest-monaco Ieronim, with the blessing of the first and the new Metropolitan of Belo-Krinitsa and all the Ancient Orthodox Russians, began the Divine Liturgy in which the Metropolitan concelebration.
+
===Biography of Saint Ambrosii===
  
The Metropolitan read the prayers in his native language, greek, but the deacon and the choir used the Slavonia. Due to the absence of two other bishops, he used two archpriests, a procedure already used before in the history of the Church in cases of necessity, and described in some lives of saints. In August 1847 there was the ordination of Bishop Arkadij by Salvo-Rus, an ancient seat of an Orthodox monastery at Tulcea, which still exists in Romania.
+
In 1811, the future Metropolitan Ambrosii, then still Andreas, was married, and shortly after he was [[ordination|ordained]] as a priest by Metropolitan Matthew. In 1814 he lost his wife, who had given him a son, named George, after his grandfather. In 1817 he was elected Igumen of the Monastery of the Holy Trinity on the island of Halki. Patriarch Constantine had him locum tenens of the patriarchal Greek Church in 1827. As is clear from a document dated [[September 9]], 1835, he was ordained as a bishop of Sarajevo in Bosnia by Patriarch Gregory, assisted by four other bishops. He remained in his position for five years before being removed by the Ottoman authorities]].
  
The Russian Foreign Ministry threatened to retaliate the government of the Roman Catholic, if it had not withdrawn the permission of the Ancient Orthodox establish its Metropolia the Empire Habsburg Empire. The Holy Synod, by which the Tsar of the church controlled state nikoniana time since the abolition of the Patriarchate under Peter I, likewise threatened to cut all financial assistance from the patriarchate of Constantinople, if he had not done everything in its power to induce the Metropolitan Ambrose to change its position. Metropolitan Ambrose, however, refused. Certainly the Ancient Orthodox Russians convinced him that the system of the Holy Synod, established in 1700 by Peter I to check the status of the church in place of the patriarch, and with whom they have not wanted to do was not a canon. By decree of Tsar Paul I, the Russian rulers had declared "the Church" and all the bishops of the church had been obliged to honor an oath to that effect.
+
A Serb, Costantino Efimovic acted as an interpreter between Bishop Ambrosii and two above-mentioned [[monk]]s from Russia, Pavel and Alimpii. Pavel and Alimpii examined the orthodox beliefs of Ambrosii. Bishop Ambrosii presented documents from the Patriarch of Constantinople which confirmed Ambrosii's canonical status. Bishop Ambrosii and his son then took time to investigate the status of the Russian Orthodox Old canonry and what he was asked, before giving its consent on [[April 15]], 1846.
  
In response to diplomatic pressure, the Austrian authorities closed the monastery of Belo Krinitsa-March 3 1848, and the Metropolitan Ambrose was sent into exile in Tzill in Styria. After the outbreak of revolutions in Vienna, with the assistance of Count Kolovrat, the Minister mentioned, the monastery of Belo-Krinitsa was reopened at the end of 1848, though the Metropolitan had to remain in exile. The successor of the latter was Antonija (Shutov), which became the first old-Orthodox archbishop of Moscow.
+
===Conversion to the Old Faith===
  
Metropolitan Ambrose lived fifteen years in exile and suffering among people who did not speak either language, but was willing to help in their need for a priesthood. He saw this as the will of God in him. On 28 October 1863 he sent his last official act as primate of the Old Russian Orthodox Archbishop Antonija and all the bishops under his jurisdiction. The document begins with the words: "For the mercy of God, the humble Archbishop and Metropolitan of all the Ancient Orthodox, Ambrose." In the text he expresses regret that he lived so far away from his flock, and that his health did not let it do more, but take your time to discuss many issues relating to the church people under his spiritual care. This document clearly refuted those enemies dell'Antica Orthodoxy that would have us believe that the Holy Metropolitan has concluded his days by rejecting his flock. Metropolitan Kirill held his funeral at Belo officio-Krinitsa, but the Metropolitan was buried in the greek orthodox cemetery in Trieste. His pastoral staff is now in Moscow and has been safeguarded in the Archbishop Alimpij used as the first Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia.
+
After a trip along the Danube, bishop Ambrosii and the monks Pavel and Alimpii arrived in Tulcea, nowadays in Romania, where five hundred Nekrasov Cossacks, together with the monks of the monastery of Slavo-Rus, their Father and Igumen Makarii Arkadii Lavrentiyevskii presented the Metropolitan the traditional tokens of hospitality: bread with salt. The government requested and obtained from the Patriarchate of Constantinople a favorable report on the bishop, before giving him permission to establish his residence in their domains. After a meeting to discuss the procedure for settlement of Ambrosii, on [[October 28]], 1846 he held the office Vigil in honour of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker. The following day, after having read the usual confession of faith in Slavonic bishop Ambrosii was accepted according to Canon 95 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council. The priest monk Ieronim, with the blessing of the first and the new Metropolitan of Belaya Krinitsa and all the Russian Old Believers, began the Divine Liturgy, celebrated by Ambrosii.
  
In 1899 the Patriarch of Constantinople established a commission to study the issue of Metropolitan Ambrose and his acceptance of the primacy of the Church-Old Russian Orthodox. The committee issued a decree of recognition of the hierarchy established by Metropolitan Ambrose, decree restless Pobedonostsev, the prosecutor of the secular church of the Holy Synod of the Russian state.
+
The bishop read the prayers in his native language, Greek, but the deacon and the choir used Slavonic. Due to the absence of two other bishops, he used two archpriests, a procedure already used before in the history of the Church in cases of necessity, and described in some lives of saints. In August 1847 there was the ordination of Bishop Arkadii by Salvo-Rus, an ancient seat of an Orthodox monastery at Tulcea, which still exists in Romania.
 +
 
 +
The Russian Foreign Ministry threatened to retaliate the government of the Roman Catholic, if it had not withdrawn the permission to the Old Believers to establish their own Metropolia in the Habsburg Empire. The [[Holy Synod]], by which the Tsar controlled the State Church since the abolition of the Patriarchate under Peter I, likewise threatened to cut all financial assistance from the Patriarchate of Constantinople, if he had not done everything in its power to induce the Metropolitan Ambrosii to change its position. Metropolitan Ambrosii, however, refused. Certainly the Old Believers convinced him that the system of the Holy Synod, established in 1700 by Peter I to check the status of the church in place of the patriarch, and with whom they have not wanted to do was not a canon. By decree of Tsar Paul I, the Russian rulers had declared "the Church" and all the bishops of the church had been obliged to honour an oath to that effect.
 +
 
 +
===Exile and Death===
 +
 
 +
In response to diplomatic pressure, the Austrian-Hungarian authorities closed the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa on [[March 3]], 1848, and Metropolitan Ambrosii was sent into exile in Tzill in Styria. After the outbreak of revolutions in Vienna, with the assistance of Count Kolovrat, the Minister mentioned, the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa was reopened at the end of 1848, though the Metropolitan had to remain in exile. The successor of the latter was Antonii (Shutov), who became the first Old Believers' archbishop of Moscow.
 +
 
 +
Metropolitan Ambrosii lived fifteen years in exile and suffered from his isolation. Nonetheless he had helped end the Old Believers in their need to establish a full Church Hierarchy. He saw this as the Will of God. On October 28, 1863 he sent his last official act as primate of the Russian Old Believer Archbishop Antonii and all the bishops under his jurisdiction. The document begins with the words: "For the mercy of God, the humble Archbishop and Metropolitan of all the Old-Rite Orthodox, Ambrosii." In the text he expresses regret that he lived so far away from his flock, and that his health did not allow him to do more, but that he remains open to discuss any issue relating to the church people, under his spiritual care. This document clearly refuted allegations from some enemies of the Old Faith that wanted people to believe that the Holy Metropolitan had eventually rejected his flock.
 +
 
 +
Metropolitan Ambrosii died in 1863. Metropolitan Kirill held his funeral at Belaya Krinitsa monastery, but the Metropolitan was buried in the Greek-Orthodox cemetery of Trieste.
 +
 
 +
===Investigation of the Patriarchate of Constantinople===
 +
 
 +
In 1899 the Patriarch of Constantinople established a commission to investigate the issue of Metropolitan Ambrosii and his acceptance of the primacy of the Russian Old Orthodox Church. The committee issued a decree of recognition of the hierarchy established by Metropolitan Ambrosii. This decree met with disapproval of Pobedonostsev, the Chairman of the Holy Synod of the Russian-Orthodox State Church.
 +
 
 +
===Canonization of Metropolitan Ambrosii===
 +
 
 +
At a joint synod held at the Monastery of Belaya Krinitsa 150 years after its acceptance of the primacy, Metropolitan Ambrosii was canonized on [[November 11]], 1996, in the presence of both his successors, Metropolitan Leontii of Belaya Krinitsa and the Metropolitan Alimpii of Moscow and All Russia. The day of his feast was assigned to October 30 (November 12, according to the new calendar) each year. On 18/31 May 2000 the exhumation took place of the relics and their translation from Trieste to a Braila, Romania. Some years later, the monks Pavel and Alimpii, too, were canonized by the Old Believers.
  
At a joint synod held at the Monastery of Belo-Krinitsa 150 years after its acceptance of the primacy, Metropolitan Ambrose was canonized on 11 November 1996, in the presence of both his successors, Metropolitan Belo Leontij-Krinitsa and the Metropolitan Alimpij of Moscow and All Russia. The day of his feast was assigned to October 30 (November 12, according to the new calendar) each year. On 18/31 May 2000 was the exhumation of the relics and their translation from Trieste to a Brail, Romania.
 
  
 
==Source==
 
==Source==
  
 
*[http://digilander.libero.it/ortodossia/Ambrogio.htm Breve Vita Del Padre Nostro Tra I Santi Ambrogio Metropolita Di Belo-Krinitsa E Di Tutti Gli Antichi Ortodossi, Il Confessore]
 
*[http://digilander.libero.it/ortodossia/Ambrogio.htm Breve Vita Del Padre Nostro Tra I Santi Ambrogio Metropolita Di Belo-Krinitsa E Di Tutti Gli Antichi Ortodossi, Il Confessore]
 +
*[http://www.belaya-krinica.kiev.ua/ Russian Orthodox Old-Rite Church]
 +
 +
[[Category:Old Believer Jurisdictions]]

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Saint Ambrosii of Belaya Krinitsa

Ambrosii or Amvrosii (Russian) was the first Old Believers' Metropolitan of the Ancient Orthodox Church. He was born in 1791 in Maistra, at that time part of the Ottoman Empire as Andreas Popovic. He was of Greek origin. He became a bishop in 1835. He converted to the Old Believers in 1846, thus establishing a full Church Hierarchy of the Old Believers. This hierarchy became known as the Belokrinitskaya Hierarchy. He died in 1863.

Introduction

The Old Believers (Starovery in Russian) or Old Ritualists (Staroobrjadtsy in Russian) or, as they are also called, Ancient Orthodox (Drevlepravoslavnye in Russian), are those Christians who remained faithful to the ancient rites, dogmas and ecclesiastical structures of Russian Orthodoxy as it was before the reforms in the seventeenth century introduced by Patriarch Nikon of Moscow.

Many of the Old Believers migrated to Siberia and neighboring countries, especially Romania. Most of them have never lost or refused priesthood, even though some have denied it, and are therefore called "priestless" (Bespopovtsy in Russian): their view on priesthood is not motivated by the innovations of Nikon, but by their vision of the imminent kingdom of the Antichrist.

Over time, the Old Believers founded a center at the Rogozhky cemetery in Moscow, and later the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa ("White Fountain") in Bukovina, then part of Austria-Hungary, now in Ukraine. Although there had been a few Old Believer bishops ordained by Non-Russian Orthodox prelates, none of them had left successors, because under the reign of Tsar Nicholas I several laws restricted the reception of converts from the Official Church.

In Austria-Hungary, Old Believers founded the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa, as a place of freedom for the Old Believers (which carried the name of Lipoveni), thanks to laws enacted in 1783 by the Emperor Joseph II. In Vienna, the Minister of Interior, Conte Kolovrat, and Archduke Ludwig prepared the way for the permission to be given by Ferdinand in 1844, to invite a foreign bishop to establish his headquarters in Belaya Krinitsa to serve the needs of the Old Believers in the domains of the Empire.

There existed for generations communities of Old Believers in Turkey who were European refugees from the persecutions in Russia, and it was natural that the search for a bishop in order to establish an independent full Church Hierarchy was one of their first steps. According to reports from the Russian government after the middle of the 17th century about 4,000 Old Believers lived in Austria, mostly in Bukovina, on the border with Russia at the Prut river, and about 36,000 lived the Ottoman Empire. Of the latter, the majority lived in Dobruja, north at the Danube delta. Osip Semenovich Goncharov, Ataman of the Nekrasov Cossacks, established contact between bishop Ambrosii and two Russian monks, Pavel and Alimpii, who were searching for an orthodox bishop willing to join the Old Believers.

Biography of Saint Ambrosii

In 1811, the future Metropolitan Ambrosii, then still Andreas, was married, and shortly after he was ordained as a priest by Metropolitan Matthew. In 1814 he lost his wife, who had given him a son, named George, after his grandfather. In 1817 he was elected Igumen of the Monastery of the Holy Trinity on the island of Halki. Patriarch Constantine had him locum tenens of the patriarchal Greek Church in 1827. As is clear from a document dated September 9, 1835, he was ordained as a bishop of Sarajevo in Bosnia by Patriarch Gregory, assisted by four other bishops. He remained in his position for five years before being removed by the Ottoman authorities]].

A Serb, Costantino Efimovic acted as an interpreter between Bishop Ambrosii and two above-mentioned monks from Russia, Pavel and Alimpii. Pavel and Alimpii examined the orthodox beliefs of Ambrosii. Bishop Ambrosii presented documents from the Patriarch of Constantinople which confirmed Ambrosii's canonical status. Bishop Ambrosii and his son then took time to investigate the status of the Russian Orthodox Old canonry and what he was asked, before giving its consent on April 15, 1846.

Conversion to the Old Faith

After a trip along the Danube, bishop Ambrosii and the monks Pavel and Alimpii arrived in Tulcea, nowadays in Romania, where five hundred Nekrasov Cossacks, together with the monks of the monastery of Slavo-Rus, their Father and Igumen Makarii Arkadii Lavrentiyevskii presented the Metropolitan the traditional tokens of hospitality: bread with salt. The government requested and obtained from the Patriarchate of Constantinople a favorable report on the bishop, before giving him permission to establish his residence in their domains. After a meeting to discuss the procedure for settlement of Ambrosii, on October 28, 1846 he held the office Vigil in honour of St. Nicholas the Miracle Worker. The following day, after having read the usual confession of faith in Slavonic bishop Ambrosii was accepted according to Canon 95 of the Sixth Ecumenical Council. The priest monk Ieronim, with the blessing of the first and the new Metropolitan of Belaya Krinitsa and all the Russian Old Believers, began the Divine Liturgy, celebrated by Ambrosii.

The bishop read the prayers in his native language, Greek, but the deacon and the choir used Slavonic. Due to the absence of two other bishops, he used two archpriests, a procedure already used before in the history of the Church in cases of necessity, and described in some lives of saints. In August 1847 there was the ordination of Bishop Arkadii by Salvo-Rus, an ancient seat of an Orthodox monastery at Tulcea, which still exists in Romania.

The Russian Foreign Ministry threatened to retaliate the government of the Roman Catholic, if it had not withdrawn the permission to the Old Believers to establish their own Metropolia in the Habsburg Empire. The Holy Synod, by which the Tsar controlled the State Church since the abolition of the Patriarchate under Peter I, likewise threatened to cut all financial assistance from the Patriarchate of Constantinople, if he had not done everything in its power to induce the Metropolitan Ambrosii to change its position. Metropolitan Ambrosii, however, refused. Certainly the Old Believers convinced him that the system of the Holy Synod, established in 1700 by Peter I to check the status of the church in place of the patriarch, and with whom they have not wanted to do was not a canon. By decree of Tsar Paul I, the Russian rulers had declared "the Church" and all the bishops of the church had been obliged to honour an oath to that effect.

Exile and Death

In response to diplomatic pressure, the Austrian-Hungarian authorities closed the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa on March 3, 1848, and Metropolitan Ambrosii was sent into exile in Tzill in Styria. After the outbreak of revolutions in Vienna, with the assistance of Count Kolovrat, the Minister mentioned, the monastery of Belaya Krinitsa was reopened at the end of 1848, though the Metropolitan had to remain in exile. The successor of the latter was Antonii (Shutov), who became the first Old Believers' archbishop of Moscow.

Metropolitan Ambrosii lived fifteen years in exile and suffered from his isolation. Nonetheless he had helped end the Old Believers in their need to establish a full Church Hierarchy. He saw this as the Will of God. On October 28, 1863 he sent his last official act as primate of the Russian Old Believer Archbishop Antonii and all the bishops under his jurisdiction. The document begins with the words: "For the mercy of God, the humble Archbishop and Metropolitan of all the Old-Rite Orthodox, Ambrosii." In the text he expresses regret that he lived so far away from his flock, and that his health did not allow him to do more, but that he remains open to discuss any issue relating to the church people, under his spiritual care. This document clearly refuted allegations from some enemies of the Old Faith that wanted people to believe that the Holy Metropolitan had eventually rejected his flock.

Metropolitan Ambrosii died in 1863. Metropolitan Kirill held his funeral at Belaya Krinitsa monastery, but the Metropolitan was buried in the Greek-Orthodox cemetery of Trieste.

Investigation of the Patriarchate of Constantinople

In 1899 the Patriarch of Constantinople established a commission to investigate the issue of Metropolitan Ambrosii and his acceptance of the primacy of the Russian Old Orthodox Church. The committee issued a decree of recognition of the hierarchy established by Metropolitan Ambrosii. This decree met with disapproval of Pobedonostsev, the Chairman of the Holy Synod of the Russian-Orthodox State Church.

Canonization of Metropolitan Ambrosii

At a joint synod held at the Monastery of Belaya Krinitsa 150 years after its acceptance of the primacy, Metropolitan Ambrosii was canonized on November 11, 1996, in the presence of both his successors, Metropolitan Leontii of Belaya Krinitsa and the Metropolitan Alimpii of Moscow and All Russia. The day of his feast was assigned to October 30 (November 12, according to the new calendar) each year. On 18/31 May 2000 the exhumation took place of the relics and their translation from Trieste to a Braila, Romania. Some years later, the monks Pavel and Alimpii, too, were canonized by the Old Believers.


Source

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