Ambrose of Optina

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[[Image:Amvrosiy.jpg|thumb|200px|Saint Ambrose of Optina]]
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Our venerable father '''Ambrose of Optina''' (Russian: преподобный Амвросий Оптинский; properly '''Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov''' - Александр Михайлович Гренков, [[December 5]], 1812, Bolshaya Lipovitsa settlement, Tambov guberniya—[[October 23]], 1891) was a ''[[starets]]'' and a [[celibacy|celibate]] [[schema]] priest (''iyeroskhimonakh''), [[canonization|canonized]] in 1988 by the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.
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Aleksandr was born in the family of [[sexton]] Mikhail Fyodorovich Grenkov and Marfa Nikolayevna Grenkova. At the age of 12 Aleksandr entered the Tambov clerical school and later the Tambov theological seminary. Then he became a teacher in the Lipetsk clerical school and in 1839 entered the [[Vvedensk Monastery]] of the [[Optina Monastery]] in Kaluga guberniya. A few years later, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[hierodeacon]], taking the name ''Ambrose'' in honor of Saint [[Ambrose of Milan]]. Two years later Ambrose became a celibate monk. When Reverend Macarius died in September of 1860, Ambrose became a superior of the monastery.
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Ambrose died in the Shamordinskaya cloister and was buried in the Optina desert. His [[relics]] were placed in the Vvedensk Monastery.
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==Quotes==
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*"One should live unhypocritically and behave exemplarily, then our cause will be right, otherwise bad" (Russian: «Нужно жить нелицемерно и вести себя примерно, тогда дело наше будет верно, а иначе будет скверно»)
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*"live and do not grieve, condemn no one and bother no one, and  best regards to all" («Жить - не тужить, никого не осуждать, никому не досаждать, и всем мое почтение»)
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==Works==
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*[http://nlib.iatp.org.ua/www/nlib.php?cat=0/01/77 ''Ответ благосклонным к Латинской Церкви'']
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*[http://vos.1september.ru/2002/02/3.htm ''Страх Божий'']
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*[http://www.pravoslavie.by/podpod.asp?id=823&Session=110 ''Отечник. Христианский брак'']
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== See also ==
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*[[Optina Monastery]]
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==Source==
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*[[Wikipedia:Ambrosius of Optina]]
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[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Russian Saints]]
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[[Category:Monastics]]
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[[fr:Ambroise d'Optina]]
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[[ro:Ambrozie de la Optina]]
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Revision as of 03:10, June 10, 2008

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