Ambrose of Optina

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[[Image:Amvrosiy.jpg|thumb|150px|Saint Ambrose of Optina.]]
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[[Image:Amvrosiy.jpg|thumb|200px|Saint Ambrose of Optina]]
Reverend '''Ambrose of Optina''' ([[Russian language|Russian]]: преподобный Амвросий Оптинский; properly '''Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov''' - Александр Михайлович Гренков, [[December 5]], [[1812]], Bolshaya Lipovitsa settlement, [[Tambov]] [[guberniya]]—[[October 23]], [[1891]]) was a ''[[starets]]'' and a [[celibate]] [[schema]] priest (''iyeroskhimonakh''), [[canonization|canonized]] in [[1988]] by the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church.  
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Our venerable father '''Ambrose of Optina''' (Russian: преподобный Амвросий Оптинский; properly '''Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov''' - Александр Михайлович Гренков, [[December 5]], 1812, Bolshaya Lipovitsa settlement, Tambov guberniya—[[October 23]], 1891) was a ''[[starets]]'' and a [[celibacy|celibate]] [[schema]] priest (''iyeroskhimonakh''), [[canonization|canonized]] in 1988 by the Local Council of the [[Russian Orthodox Church]].  His [[feast day]] is celebrated on [[October 10]], and the finding of his [[relics]] is commemorated on June 27.
  
Aleksandr was born in the family of [[sexton]] Mikhail Fyodorovich Grenkov and Marfa Nikolayevna Grenkova. At the age of 12 Aleksandr entered the Tambov clerical school and later the Tambov theological seminary. Then he became a teacher in the [[Lipetsk]] clerical school and in [[1839]] entered the [[Vvedensk]] monastery of the [[Optina Monastery]] in [[Kaluga]] guberniya. A few years later, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[hierodeacon]], taking the name ''Ambrose'' in honor of Saint [[Ambrose of Milan]]. Two years later Ambrose became a celibate monk. When Reverend Macarius died in September, [[1860]], Ambrose became a superior of the monastery.  
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==Life==
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Aleksandr was born in the family of [[sexton]] Mikhail Fyodorovich Grenkov and Marfa Nikolayevna Grenkova. At the age of 12 Aleksandr entered the Tambov clerical school and later the Tambov theological [[seminary]]. Then he became a teacher in the Lipetsk clerical school and in 1839 entered the [[Vvedensk Monastery]] of the [[Optina Monastery]] in Kaluga guberniya. A few years later, he was [[ordination|ordained]] a [[hierodeacon]], taking the name ''Ambrose'' in honor of [[Saint]] [[Ambrose of Milan]]. Two years later Ambrose became a celibate [[monk]]. When Fr. [[Macarius of Optina|Macarius]] died in September of 1860, Ambrose became a superior of the [[monastery]].  
  
Ambrose died in the Shamordinskaya cloister and was buried in the Optina desert. His relics were placed in the Vvedensk monastery.
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Ambrose died in the Shamordinskaya cloister and was buried in the Optina desert. His relics were placed in the Vvedensk Monastery.
  
==Quotes==
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==Quotations==
 
*"One should live unhypocritically and behave exemplarily, then our cause will be right, otherwise bad" (Russian: «Нужно жить нелицемерно и вести себя примерно, тогда дело наше будет верно, а иначе будет скверно»)
 
*"One should live unhypocritically and behave exemplarily, then our cause will be right, otherwise bad" (Russian: «Нужно жить нелицемерно и вести себя примерно, тогда дело наше будет верно, а иначе будет скверно»)
*"To live and not to grieve, condemn no one, bother no one and my respect for everyone" («Жить - не тужить, никого не осуждать, никому не досаждать, и всем мое почтение»)  
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*"live and do not grieve, condemn no one and bother no one, and best regards to all" («Жить - не тужить, никого не осуждать, никому не досаждать, и всем мое почтение»)
  
 
==Works==
 
==Works==
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*[http://vos.1september.ru/2002/02/3.htm ''Страх Божий'']
 
*[http://vos.1september.ru/2002/02/3.htm ''Страх Божий'']
 
*[http://www.pravoslavie.by/podpod.asp?id=823&Session=110 ''Отечник. Христианский брак'']
 
*[http://www.pravoslavie.by/podpod.asp?id=823&Session=110 ''Отечник. Христианский брак'']
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*[http://www.roca.org/OA/26/26d.htm "A Question of Progress"]
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*[http://www.roca.org/OA/96/96b.htm Letters of Spiritual Counsel - By Elder Ambrose of Optina]
  
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==See also==
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*[[Optina Monastery]]
  
== See Also ==
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==Source==
 
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*[http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ambrosius_of_Optina&oldid=107827333 Wikipedia: Ambrosius of Optina]
[[Optina Monastery]]
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== Source ==
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[[Wikipedia:Ambrosius of Optina]]
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==External links==
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=102934 Venerable Ambrose of Optina] ([[OCA]])
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*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=101831 Finding of the relics of the Venerable St Ambrose of Optina] (OCA)
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*[http://www.goarch.org/chapel/saints/2283 The 14 Holy Elders of Optina Monastery] ([[GOARCH]])
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*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/ambrose_e.htm Ambrose: Elder of Optina] by Bishop [[Alexander (Mileant) of Buenos Aires|Alexander (Mileant)]], translated by Seraphim Larin
  
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[[Category:Hesychasm]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Russian Saints]]
[[Category:Monasticism]]
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[[Category:Monastics]]
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[[Category:Modern Saints]]
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[[Category:19th-century saints]]
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[[fr:Ambroise d'Optina]]
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[[ro:Ambrozie de la Optina]]

Latest revision as of 10:58, October 23, 2012

Saint Ambrose of Optina

Our venerable father Ambrose of Optina (Russian: преподобный Амвросий Оптинский; properly Aleksandr Mikhaylovich Grenkov - Александр Михайлович Гренков, December 5, 1812, Bolshaya Lipovitsa settlement, Tambov guberniya—October 23, 1891) was a starets and a celibate schema priest (iyeroskhimonakh), canonized in 1988 by the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church. His feast day is celebrated on October 10, and the finding of his relics is commemorated on June 27.

Contents

[edit] Life

Aleksandr was born in the family of sexton Mikhail Fyodorovich Grenkov and Marfa Nikolayevna Grenkova. At the age of 12 Aleksandr entered the Tambov clerical school and later the Tambov theological seminary. Then he became a teacher in the Lipetsk clerical school and in 1839 entered the Vvedensk Monastery of the Optina Monastery in Kaluga guberniya. A few years later, he was ordained a hierodeacon, taking the name Ambrose in honor of Saint Ambrose of Milan. Two years later Ambrose became a celibate monk. When Fr. Macarius died in September of 1860, Ambrose became a superior of the monastery.

Ambrose died in the Shamordinskaya cloister and was buried in the Optina desert. His relics were placed in the Vvedensk Monastery.

[edit] Quotations

  • "One should live unhypocritically and behave exemplarily, then our cause will be right, otherwise bad" (Russian: «Нужно жить нелицемерно и вести себя примерно, тогда дело наше будет верно, а иначе будет скверно»)
  • "live and do not grieve, condemn no one and bother no one, and best regards to all" («Жить - не тужить, никого не осуждать, никому не досаждать, и всем мое почтение»)

[edit] Works

[edit] See also

[edit] Source

[edit] External links

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