All-Night Vigil

(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (links)
(expansion and some editing)
Line 1: Line 1:
{{diversity}}
+
An '''All-Night Vigil''' (Greek: ''Agrypnia'', "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') is a combination of multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and local tradition.  In the Byzantine tradition, the service lasts through the night, consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the [[Divine Liturgy]]. In Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes [[Vespers]] (or [[Great Compline]]), [[Orthros]] and the [[Hours|First Hour]], and it is the standard Saturday evening service.
An '''All Night Vigil''' (Greek: ''Agrypnia'' (which means literally, "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Orthros]], and the First [[Hour]] -- though on certain feasts, it consists of Great [[Compline]], Orthros, and the First Hour.  In more ancient practice, an All Night Vigil was truly done all night, and ended with the the [[Divine Liturgy]] being celebrated as sunrise -- this is still the practice on [[Mount Athos]] and in some places in Russia and elsewhere. In the [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a [[litia]] with the blessing of the bread -- this is always the case, on [[Great Feasts]]. The differences between the more rigorous practice, and general parish practice are the later contains some abbreviations, and the former is usually chanted to slower melodies, and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service.  Also, the less rigorous practice is to stop the vigil after the first hour, and then allow people to get some sleep... and then to resume the Third and Sixth hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy.  In the more rigorous practice, the hours continue without such a break.
+
  
 +
==Byzantine practice==
 +
In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes:  [[Hours|Ninth Hour]], [[Little Vespers]], [[Small Compline]] (including the [[Akathist]] to the Theotokos), Great [[Vespers]] including [[Litia]] and [[Artoklasia]], [[Orthros]], the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the [[Divine Liturgy]].  If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted.
  
== External link ==
+
Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in [[parish]]es, but it is done in some places, especially for major [[feast day]]s.  It is commonly celebrated in [[monastery|monasteries]], however, especially for the [[Great Feasts]] and the patronal feast of the community.
 +
 
 +
One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that it includes Little Vespers (different from both Daily and Great Vespers), which is celebrated only as part of the Vigil.  Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night.
 +
 
 +
==Russian practice==
 +
In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Orthros]], and the [[Hours|First Hour]]—though on certain feasts, it includes [[Great Compline]] instead of Vespers.  In [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same.  The Vespers often contains a [[Litia]] with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on [[Great Feasts]].
 +
 
 +
The differences between the more rigorous practice, and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, and the former is usually chanted to slower melodies, and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service.  A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy.  In the more rigorous practice, the hours continue without such a break.
 +
 
 +
== External links ==
 
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
 
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
 
*[http://saintjonah.org/rub/ Rubrics for the Vigil (Old Calendar)]
 
*[http://saintjonah.org/rub/ Rubrics for the Vigil (Old Calendar)]
 
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/rub/vigiltools.htm Handy Tools for the Vigil]
 
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/rub/vigiltools.htm Handy Tools for the Vigil]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgics_averky_e.htm#_Toc104768050 The All-Night Vigil, from ''Liturgics'', by Archbishop Averky]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgics_averky_e.htm#_Toc104768050 The All-Night Vigil, from ''Liturgics'', by Archbishop Averky]
 
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgical_rubrics_1.htm#_Toc70898613 Liturgical Instructions for the Vigil]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgical_rubrics_1.htm#_Toc70898613 Liturgical Instructions for the Vigil]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/typikon_1.htm#_Toc82138511 Abbridged Typikon: Vigil]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/typikon_1.htm#_Toc82138511 Abbridged Typikon: Vigil]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/vigil_v_potapov.htm The All-Night Vigil, by Fr. Victor Potapov]
 
*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/vigil_v_potapov.htm The All-Night Vigil, by Fr. Victor Potapov]
  
{{stub}}
 
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]

Revision as of 03:19, April 2, 2007

An All-Night Vigil (Greek: Agrypnia, "without sleeping"; Slavonic: Vsenoshnoe Bdenie) is a combination of multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and local tradition. In the Byzantine tradition, the service lasts through the night, consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the Divine Liturgy. In Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes Vespers (or Great Compline), Orthros and the First Hour, and it is the standard Saturday evening service.

Byzantine practice

In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes: Ninth Hour, Little Vespers, Small Compline (including the Akathist to the Theotokos), Great Vespers including Litia and Artoklasia, Orthros, the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the Divine Liturgy. If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted.

Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in parishes, but it is done in some places, especially for major feast days. It is commonly celebrated in monasteries, however, especially for the Great Feasts and the patronal feast of the community.

One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that it includes Little Vespers (different from both Daily and Great Vespers), which is celebrated only as part of the Vigil. Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night.

Russian practice

In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of Vespers, Orthros, and the First Hour—though on certain feasts, it includes Great Compline instead of Vespers. In parishes, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the monasteries, but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a Litia with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on Great Feasts.

The differences between the more rigorous practice, and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, and the former is usually chanted to slower melodies, and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service. A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy. In the more rigorous practice, the hours continue without such a break.

External links

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox