All-Night Vigil

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An '''All-Night Vigil''' (Greek: ''Agrypnia'', "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') is a combination of multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and local tradition.  In the Byzantine tradition, the service lasts through the night, consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the [[Divine Liturgy]]. In Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes [[Vespers]] (or [[Great Compline]]), [[Matins]] and the [[Hours|First Hour]], and it is the standard Saturday evening service.  When the Vigil is celebrated, the particular [[rubrics]] for its constituent services are altered.
An '''All Night Vigil''' (Greek: ''Agrypnia'' (which means literally, "without sleeping"; Slavonic: ''Vsenoshnoe Bdenie'') usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Orthros]], and the First [[Hour]] -- though on certain feasts, it consists of Great [[Compline]], Orthros, and the First Hour.  In more ancient practice, an All Night Vigil was truly done All-night, and ended with the the [[Divine Liturgy]] being celebrated as sunrise -- this is still the practice on Mt. Athos and in some places in Russia and elsewhere. In the [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a [[litia]] with the blessing of the bread -- this is always the case, on Great Feasts. The differences between the more rigorous practice, and general parish practice are the later contains some abbreviations, and the former is usually chanted to slower melodies, and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service.  Also, the less rigorous practice is to stop the vigil after the first hour, and then allow people to get some sleep... and then to resume the Third and Sixth hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy.  In the more rigorous practice, the hours continue without such a break.
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One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that [[Vespers|Small Vespers]] (different from both Daily and Great Vespers) is served earlier in the evening (usually this service is only done in cathedrals and monasteries, however).  This practice originated so that the monks could observe a shorter form of vespers at the canonical time (sunset), have their evening meal, and then later begin the All-Night Vigil (which includes the fuller form of Vespers).  Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night, when done in the full traditional manner.
  
== External link ==
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==Byzantine practice==
*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
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In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes Great [[Vespers]] including [[Litia]] and [[Artoklasia]], [[Orthros]], the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the [[Divine Liturgy]].  If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted.
  
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Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in [[parish]]es, but it is done in some places, especially for major [[feast day]]s.  It is commonly celebrated in [[monastery|monasteries]], however, especially for the [[Great Feasts]] and the patronal feast of the community.
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==Russian practice==
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In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of [[Vespers]], [[Matins]], and the [[Hours|First Hour]]—though on certain feasts, it includes [[Great Compline]] instead of Vespers.  In [[parish]]es, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the [[monastery|monasteries]], but the structure remains the same.  The Vespers often contains a [[Litia]] with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on [[Great Feasts]].
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The differences between the more rigorous practice and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, while the former is usually chanted to slower melodies and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service.  A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth Hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy.  In the more rigorous practice, the Hours continue without such a break.
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== External links ==
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*[http://www.saintjonah.org/services/vigil.htm The All-Night Vigil, as a Reader Service]
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*[http://saintjonah.org/rub/ Rubrics for the Vigil (Old Calendar)]
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*[http://www.saintjonah.org/rub/vigiltools.htm Handy Tools for the Vigil]
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*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgics_averky_e.htm#_Toc104768050 The All-Night Vigil, from ''Liturgics'', by Archbishop Averky]
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*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/liturgical_rubrics_1.htm#_Toc70898613 Liturgical Instructions for the Vigil]
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*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/typikon_1.htm#_Toc82138511 Abbridged Typikon: Vigil]
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*[http://www.holytrinitymission.org/books/english/vigil_v_potapov.htm The All-Night Vigil, by Fr. Victor Potapov]
  
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[[Category:Liturgics]]
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]
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[[ro:Privegherea de toată noaptea]]

Revision as of 05:38, December 19, 2012

An All-Night Vigil (Greek: Agrypnia, "without sleeping"; Slavonic: Vsenoshnoe Bdenie) is a combination of multiple services whose makeup varies significantly according to regional and local tradition. In the Byzantine tradition, the service lasts through the night, consisting of the entire liturgical cycle, culminating in the Divine Liturgy. In Slavic tradition, it does not last all night but normally includes Vespers (or Great Compline), Matins and the First Hour, and it is the standard Saturday evening service. When the Vigil is celebrated, the particular rubrics for its constituent services are altered.

One of the unique characteristics of the Vigil is that Small Vespers (different from both Daily and Great Vespers) is served earlier in the evening (usually this service is only done in cathedrals and monasteries, however). This practice originated so that the monks could observe a shorter form of vespers at the canonical time (sunset), have their evening meal, and then later begin the All-Night Vigil (which includes the fuller form of Vespers). Additionally, the inclusion of the Litia and Artoklasia has as its purpose the sustenance of the faithful as they attend a service which may last eight or more hours through the night, when done in the full traditional manner.

Byzantine practice

In Byzantine practice, the All-Night Vigil includes Great Vespers including Litia and Artoklasia, Orthros, the First Hour, Third Hour, and Sixth Hour, followed by the Divine Liturgy. If the Divine Liturgy is celebrated immediately, the First through Sixth Hours may be omitted.

Because of its great length, the All-Night Vigil is rarely celebrated in parishes, but it is done in some places, especially for major feast days. It is commonly celebrated in monasteries, however, especially for the Great Feasts and the patronal feast of the community.

Russian practice

In Russian practice, the All-Night Vigil is the standard Saturday evening service and usually consists of Vespers, Matins, and the First Hour—though on certain feasts, it includes Great Compline instead of Vespers. In parishes, Vigils are less strenuous than those conducted in the monasteries, but the structure remains the same. The Vespers often contains a Litia with the blessing of the bread—this is always the case on Great Feasts.

The differences between the more rigorous practice and general parish practice are that the latter contains some abbreviations, while the former is usually chanted to slower melodies and also includes additional readings that are done at certain places in the service. A less rigorous practice is to stop the Vigil after the First Hour, then to resume with the Third and Sixth Hours the following morning, followed immediately by the liturgy. In the more rigorous practice, the Hours continue without such a break.

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