Alexios the Man of God

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[[Image:Alexis_the_Man_of_God.jpg|right|thumb|St. Alexios the Man of God]]
St. '''Alexis''' (Gr. Αλεξιος, Alexios) '''the Man of God''' is commemorated by the church [[March 17]].
+
Our venerable and God-bearing Father '''Alexios the Man of God''' (also ''Alexis'' or ''Alexius''; Gr. Αλεξιος) was a fourth-century monastic who is known for his dedication to [[Christ]] in anonymity.  His [[feast day]] is commemorated by the Church on [[March 17]].
  
==Background==
+
==History==
Many sources will set the story of Alexis in Rome to somewhere in the tenth century, around when Benedict VII gave a church dedicated to St. Boniface to a group of exiled christians, who were under the leadership of Metropolitan Sergius of Damascus. This church was renamed to Sts. Boniface and Alexis and the relics of the Man of God believed to be placed in this church by the West. The bones found in the thirteenth century are now not considered to be those of either Boniface or Alexis by the West. An epic poem of the eleventh century tells the legend of the saint, however, many scholars and the Eastern church believe that the Man of God lived and died in Edessa in the fifth century and the name "Alexis" is a Greek addition. <ref> [http://ecole.evansville.edu/glossary/alexis.html Karen Rae Keck - The Ecole Glossary] </ref> He is also classed as one of the famous holy fools of the Byzantium, along with Symeon the [[Fool for Christ]] and [[Andrew the Fool for Christ]].
+
Many sources will set the story of Alexis in Rome to somewhere in the tenth century, around the time when Benedict VII gave a church dedicated to St. Boniface to a group of exiled Christians, who were under the leadership of Metropolitan Sergius of Damascus. This church was renamed for Sts. Boniface and Alexis, and the [[relics]] of the Man of God were believed to be placed in this church by the West. The bones found in the thirteenth century are now not considered by the West to be those of either Boniface or Alexis. An epic poem of the eleventh century tells the legend of the saint; however, many scholars and the Eastern church believe that the Man of God lived and died in Edessa in the fifth century and the name "Alexis" is a Greek addition.<ref>[http://ecole.evansville.edu/glossary/alexis.html Alexis, Man of God] by Karen Rae Keck, ''The Ecole Glossary''</ref> He is also classed as one of the famous holy fools of [[Byzantium]], along with Symeon the [[Fool-for-Christ]] and [[Andrew of Constantinople]].
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
The rare title, "Man of God," was bestowed on St. Alexios for the manner in which he gave himself over to Jesus Christ, forsaking a bride even at the altar in order to fulfill to the letter the admonition read to him while he was contemplating enlistment in the service of the Lord. He kept his true identity a secret for an entire lifetime rather than run the risk of betraying the Master through his own emotions and there is no telling how much mental anguish he suffered in silence for the sake of his commitment. When he felt the call he answered with a hesitation for which he judged himself too harshly and which he bore in mute secrecy. <ref> [http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/alexios.html From Orthodox Saints, v. 2 by Fr George Poulos, Holy Cross Orthodox Press] off the Greek Orthodox of Australia website </ref>
+
:''The rare title, "Man of God," was bestowed on St. Alexios for the manner in which he gave himself over to Jesus Christ, forsaking a bride even at the [[altar]] in order to fulfill to the letter the admonition read to him while he was contemplating enlistment in the service of the Lord. He kept his true identity a secret for an entire lifetime rather than run the risk of betraying the Master through his own emotions and there is no telling how much mental anguish he suffered in silence for the sake of his commitment. When he felt the call he answered with a hesitation for which he judged himself too harshly and which he bore in mute secrecy.''
  
Alexios was born in 380 AD in the eternal city of Rome during the reign of Theodosios the Great and was raised in a royal household by his parents, Euphemianus and Aglais, who discerned a predilection for the Church in their son, a religious fervour they could not share and which they sought to discourage for fear they would lose him. They lost no time in arranging for his marriage and in impressing upon him the debt he owed to his parents, for which he should respect their wishes in all things. He had reluctantly suppressed the call he felt to the Lord's service and had agreed to the marriage when he had a vision one day of St. Paul, who said he should answer the call to God at all costs, reading to him the passage in Matthew which says: "He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me."
+
:''Alexios was born in 380 AD in the eternal city of Rome during the reign of [[Theodosios the Great]] and was raised in a royal household by his parents, Euphemianus and Aglais, who discerned a predilection for the Church in their son, a religious fervour they could not share and which they sought to discourage for fear they would lose him. They lost no time in arranging for his marriage and in impressing upon him the debt he owed to his parents, for which he should respect their wishes in all things. He had reluctantly suppressed the call he felt to the Lord's service and had agreed to the marriage when he had a vision one day of St. [[Apostle Paul|Paul]], who said he should answer the call to God at all costs, reading to him the passage in [[Gospel of Matthew|Matthew]] which says: "He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me."''
  
The bewildered Alexios was torn between his sense of duty to his parents and that urging to serve the Lord, and swayed between both, at long last deciding to go through with what he had promised his family. The feeling that he should go the other way gnawed at him even as he stood at the altar, and when the ceremony had been completed he looked upon the Cross of Jesus and without a word walked away from bride, family and friends to do what he had to do.
+
:''The bewildered Alexios was torn between his sense of duty to his parents and that urging to serve the Lord, and swayed between both, at long last deciding to go through with what he had promised his family. The feeling that he should go the other way gnawed at him even as he stood at the altar, and when the ceremony had been completed he looked upon the Cross of Jesus and without a word walked away from bride, family and friends to do what he had to do.''
  
He stepped into the anonymity of a Syrian monastery where for the next eighteen years he assumed another identity, and never looked back at Rome. Having made a choice they had opposed, he suspected his parents had disinherited him and that his bride had had the marriage annulled, but this was not the case. As a matter of fact, the bride had gone to live with his parents in the fond hope that Alexios would someday return, and the parents spared no expense in trying to locate their son, but after eighteen years with no word from him they presumed him to be dead.
+
:''He stepped into the anonymity of a Syrian [[monastery]] where for the next eighteen years he assumed another identity, and never looked back at Rome. Having made a choice they had opposed, he suspected his parents had disinherited him and that his bride had had the marriage annulled, but this was not the case. As a matter of fact, the bride had gone to live with his parents in the fond hope that Alexios would someday return, and the parents spared no expense in trying to locate their son, but after eighteen years with no word from him they presumed him to be dead.''
  
In his eighteen years in the monastery, Alexios was transformed into a respected holy man whose solemn dedication to Jesus was the subject of many discussions among not only the monks but the community which he served. Unlike other monks, he was a man of few words and left the preaching and sermonising to other brother monks while he concentrated on writing on many issues concerning the faith. The vision that he had had many years before of St. Paul still haunted him and he had a burning desire to go to Tarsus, Paul's birthplace. He boarded a boat bound for the short trip up the coast, but while at sea a violent storm arose and blew the vessel miles off course also leaving her a derelict at the mercy of the wind and tides. They were finally picked up by a ship bound for Rome and Alexios found himself back in the city of his birth. Nostalgia seized him and he went to the family estate, primarily to get a glimpse of his folks, but when they failed to recognise him he felt compelled to remain and was given the task of spiritual counsellor, not only to the estate, but to the neighbouring families as well. The abandoned bride was still living with the parents and she also failed to recognise him, for which he was grateful, for he found contentment in being able to serve the Lord while not revealing his true identity, which he considered would be a disservice to the Saviour after all the years of anonymity. He went about his duties with grace acquired and enjoyed the respect of families for miles around. When he felt death drawing near, Alexios wrote a letter to his family in which he expressed his love for them, which he could not do in life. The letter was read posthumously not only by his family but by the bishop of Rome, who had him interred in the chapel of St. Peter's. He died for Christ on 17 March 440AD, after thirty-four years of celibacy and anonymity.
+
:''In his eighteen years in the monastery, Alexios was transformed into a respected holy man whose solemn dedication to Jesus was the subject of many discussions among not only the monks but the community which he served. Unlike other monks, he was a man of few words and left the preaching and sermonising to other brother monks while he concentrated on writing on many issues concerning the faith. The vision that he had had many years before of St. Paul still haunted him and he had a burning desire to go to Tarsus, Paul's birthplace. He boarded a boat bound for the short trip up the coast, but while at sea a violent storm arose and blew the vessel miles off course also leaving her a derelict at the mercy of the wind and tides. They were finally picked up by a ship bound for Rome and Alexios found himself back in the city of his birth. Nostalgia seized him and he went to the family estate, primarily to get a glimpse of his folks, but when they failed to recognise him he felt compelled to remain and was given the task of spiritual counsellor, not only to the estate, but to the neighbouring families as well. The abandoned bride was still living with the parents and she also failed to recognise him, for which he was grateful, for he found contentment in being able to serve the Lord while not revealing his true identity, which he considered would be a disservice to the Saviour after all the years of anonymity. He went about his duties with grace acquired and enjoyed the respect of families for miles around. When he felt death drawing near, Alexios wrote a letter to his family in which he expressed his love for them, which he could not do in life. The letter was read posthumously not only by his family but by the bishop of Rome, who had him interred in the chapel of St. Peter's. He died for Christ on 17 March 440AD, after thirty-four years of celibacy and anonymity.''<ref>[http://home.iprimus.com.au/xenos/alexios.html St Alexios, Man of God] by Fr George Poulos, from ''Orthodox Saints'', v. 2, Holy Cross Orthodox Press ([[GOAA]])</ref>
  
 
==Relics==
 
==Relics==
The honourable head of St. Alexius was given as a gift to the Great Lavra monastery in [[Mount Athos]] by the Byzantine emperor Emanuel Paleologos, in 1398.  
+
The honourable head of St. Alexios was given as a gift to the [[Great Lavra (Athos)|Great Lavra]] monastery in [[Mount Athos]] by the Byzantine emperor Emanuel Paleologos in 1398.  
  
With the blessing of the Archbishop of Athens, the reliquary left Greece in 2005, for the first time since given to the Great Lavra moanstery, and travelled to Moscow and placed at the Novospasskiy monastery for public veneration. <ref> [http://eng.sedmitza.ru/index.html?sid=64&did=1138 02.04.2005 His Holiness performed an all-night vigil with the production of the Cross and venerated the holy relics of St. Alexius, Man of God] from the Church-Scientific Center, ''The Orthodox Encyclopaedia''. </ref>
+
With the blessing of [[Archbishop]] [[Christodoulos (Paraskevaides) of Athens|Christodoulos]] of Athens, the reliquary left Greece in 2005, for the first time since given to the Great Lavra monastery, and travelled to Moscow and placed at the Novospasskiy monastery for public veneration.<ref>[http://eng.sedmitza.ru/index.html?sid=64&did=1138 His Holiness performed an all-night vigil with the production of the Cross and venerated the holy relics of St. Alexius, Man of God] 02.04.2005 from the Church-Scientific Center, ''The Orthodox Encyclopaedia''.</ref>
  
==Historical Manuscripts==
+
==Manuscripts==
Outside the Orthodox church, the oldest manuscripts recording the life of St. Alexius exist in four version, from six manuscripts and have been published by Adamant Media Corporation <ref> [http://books.google.com.au/books?id=sRJU5Qy8j8AC&dq=alexius&source=gbs_summary_s&cad=0 Purchase book online] Furnivall, F.J., ''Early English Text Society'' (ISBN 1402196555) </ref>.
+
Outside the Orthodox church, the oldest manuscripts recording the life of St. Alexius exist in four versions, from six manuscripts, and have been published by Adamant Media Corporation.<ref>[http://books.google.com.au/books?id=sRJU5Qy8j8AC ''Early English Text Society''] Furnivall, F.J., pp. 17-80. (ISBN 1402196555)</ref>
#The longest version, in 12-line stanzas, from Land MS. 622, in the Bodleian.
+
#The longest version, in 12-line stanzas, from Laud MS. 622, in the Bodleian.
 
#The shortest version, in couplets, from the Cotton MS., Titus A xxvi, in the British Museum.
 
#The shortest version, in couplets, from the Cotton MS., Titus A xxvi, in the British Museum.
#The shorter 6-line stanza version, from the grand Vernon MS. (ab. 1400 AD) and Laud 108, both in the Bodleian.
+
#The shorter 6-line-stanza version, from the grand Vernon MS. (ab. 1400 AD) and Laud 108, both in the Bodleian.
#The longer 6-line stanza version, from Laud MS. 463 in the Bodleian, and Trin. Coll. MS. Oxford 57.
+
#The longer 6-line-stanza version, from Laud MS. 463 in the Bodleian, and Trin. Coll. MS. Oxford 57 [81].
  
 
==Hymns==
 
==Hymns==
===[[Apolytikion]] in the Fourth Tone===
+
[[Apolytikion]] ([[Tone]] 4) [http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=463]
Though thou didst bud forth from a renowned and notable root, and though thou didst blossom from a city famed for her great imperial dignity, yet didst thou scorn all things as corruptible and fleeting, striving to be joined to Christ thy Master for ever. Entreat Him, O Alexis most wise, fervently for our souls. <ref> [http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=463 GOAA Online Chapel] </ref>
+
:Though thou didst bud forth from a renowned and notable root, and though thou didst blossom from a city famed for her great imperial dignity, yet didst thou scorn all things as corruptible and fleeting, striving to be joined to Christ thy Master for ever. Entreat Him, O Alexis most wise, fervently for our souls.
===[[Troparion]]===
+
Thou didst bud from a famous and glorious root; thou didst blossom from a royal and illustrious city, O supremely wise Alexis; thou didst disdain all on earth as corruptible and fleeting, and didst hasten to Christ the Master. Ever entreat Him to save our souls.
+
===[[Kontakion]] in the Fourth tone===
+
As we celebrate today with fitting rev'rence the all-holy festival of Saint Alexis the all-blessed, with hymns we praise him and cry aloud: Rejoice, thou gladsome adornment of righteous men.
+
  
==Sources==
+
[[Troparion]] [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/alexis_manofgod.htm]
 +
:Thou didst bud from a famous and glorious root;
 +
:thou didst blossom from a royal and illustrious city, O supremely wise Alexis;
 +
:thou didst disdain all on earth as corruptible and fleeting,
 +
:and didst hasten to Christ the Master.
 +
:Ever entreat Him to save our souls.
 +
 
 +
[[Kontakion]] (Tone 4) [http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=463]
 +
:As we celebrate today with fitting rev'rence the all-holy festival of Saint Alexis the all-blessed, with hymns we praise him and cry aloud: Rejoice, thou gladsome adornment of righteous men.
 +
 
 +
==References==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
  
==External link==
+
==External links==
*[[w:Alexius saint|St. Alexius]] on ''Wikipedia''
+
*[[w:Saint Alexius|Saint Alexius]] on ''Wikipedia''
 
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/alexis_manofgod.htm St. Alexis the Man of God] by Father Alexander, Holy Protection Russian Orthodox Church.
 
*[http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/saints/alexis_manofgod.htm St. Alexis the Man of God] by Father Alexander, Holy Protection Russian Orthodox Church.
*[http://orrologion.blogspot.com/2008/03/st-alexis-man-of-god-march-17.html St. Alexis] on Orrologion Blogspot
+
*[http://www.westsrbdio.org/prolog/my.html?month=March&day=17 Saint Alexis, the Man of God] (''[[Prologue of Ohrid]]'')
*[http://www.serbianorthodoxchurch.net/cgi-bin/saints.cgi?view=749510050105 St. Alexis] - Serbian Orthodox Church
+
*[http://www.goarch.org/en/chapel/saints.asp?contentid=463 Alexios the Man of God] ([[GOARCH]])
*[http://profile.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=user.viewprofile&friendID=139509378 the Man of God] on mySpace Blog.
+
*[http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100822 Venerable Alexis the Man of God] ([[OCA]])
 +
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01307b.htm St. Alexius] (''[[Roman Catholic|Catholic]] Encyclopedia'')
  
===Non-orthodox===
+
==Further reading==
*[http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/01307b.htm St. Alexius] on New Advent Catholic Encyclopedia
+
*"St. Alexis" in ''[http://books.google.com/books?id=xBkCAAAAYAAJ Sacred and Legendary Art]'', by Anna Jameson. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts: 1857. v. 2, pp. 634-8.
 
+
==Further Reading==
+
===Non-orthodox===
+
* Jameson, A. ''Sacred and Legendary Art'', Published 1857, page 634+
+
  
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category:Byzantine Saints]]
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[[Category:Fools-for-Christ]]
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[[Category:Monastics]]
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[[Category:5th-century saints]]
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 +
[[el:Αλέξιος ο άνθρωπος του Θεού]]

Revision as of 11:55, October 22, 2012

St. Alexios the Man of God

Our venerable and God-bearing Father Alexios the Man of God (also Alexis or Alexius; Gr. Αλεξιος) was a fourth-century monastic who is known for his dedication to Christ in anonymity. His feast day is commemorated by the Church on March 17.

Contents

History

Many sources will set the story of Alexis in Rome to somewhere in the tenth century, around the time when Benedict VII gave a church dedicated to St. Boniface to a group of exiled Christians, who were under the leadership of Metropolitan Sergius of Damascus. This church was renamed for Sts. Boniface and Alexis, and the relics of the Man of God were believed to be placed in this church by the West. The bones found in the thirteenth century are now not considered by the West to be those of either Boniface or Alexis. An epic poem of the eleventh century tells the legend of the saint; however, many scholars and the Eastern church believe that the Man of God lived and died in Edessa in the fifth century and the name "Alexis" is a Greek addition.[1] He is also classed as one of the famous holy fools of Byzantium, along with Symeon the Fool-for-Christ and Andrew of Constantinople.

Life

The rare title, "Man of God," was bestowed on St. Alexios for the manner in which he gave himself over to Jesus Christ, forsaking a bride even at the altar in order to fulfill to the letter the admonition read to him while he was contemplating enlistment in the service of the Lord. He kept his true identity a secret for an entire lifetime rather than run the risk of betraying the Master through his own emotions and there is no telling how much mental anguish he suffered in silence for the sake of his commitment. When he felt the call he answered with a hesitation for which he judged himself too harshly and which he bore in mute secrecy.
Alexios was born in 380 AD in the eternal city of Rome during the reign of Theodosios the Great and was raised in a royal household by his parents, Euphemianus and Aglais, who discerned a predilection for the Church in their son, a religious fervour they could not share and which they sought to discourage for fear they would lose him. They lost no time in arranging for his marriage and in impressing upon him the debt he owed to his parents, for which he should respect their wishes in all things. He had reluctantly suppressed the call he felt to the Lord's service and had agreed to the marriage when he had a vision one day of St. Paul, who said he should answer the call to God at all costs, reading to him the passage in Matthew which says: "He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me."
The bewildered Alexios was torn between his sense of duty to his parents and that urging to serve the Lord, and swayed between both, at long last deciding to go through with what he had promised his family. The feeling that he should go the other way gnawed at him even as he stood at the altar, and when the ceremony had been completed he looked upon the Cross of Jesus and without a word walked away from bride, family and friends to do what he had to do.
He stepped into the anonymity of a Syrian monastery where for the next eighteen years he assumed another identity, and never looked back at Rome. Having made a choice they had opposed, he suspected his parents had disinherited him and that his bride had had the marriage annulled, but this was not the case. As a matter of fact, the bride had gone to live with his parents in the fond hope that Alexios would someday return, and the parents spared no expense in trying to locate their son, but after eighteen years with no word from him they presumed him to be dead.
In his eighteen years in the monastery, Alexios was transformed into a respected holy man whose solemn dedication to Jesus was the subject of many discussions among not only the monks but the community which he served. Unlike other monks, he was a man of few words and left the preaching and sermonising to other brother monks while he concentrated on writing on many issues concerning the faith. The vision that he had had many years before of St. Paul still haunted him and he had a burning desire to go to Tarsus, Paul's birthplace. He boarded a boat bound for the short trip up the coast, but while at sea a violent storm arose and blew the vessel miles off course also leaving her a derelict at the mercy of the wind and tides. They were finally picked up by a ship bound for Rome and Alexios found himself back in the city of his birth. Nostalgia seized him and he went to the family estate, primarily to get a glimpse of his folks, but when they failed to recognise him he felt compelled to remain and was given the task of spiritual counsellor, not only to the estate, but to the neighbouring families as well. The abandoned bride was still living with the parents and she also failed to recognise him, for which he was grateful, for he found contentment in being able to serve the Lord while not revealing his true identity, which he considered would be a disservice to the Saviour after all the years of anonymity. He went about his duties with grace acquired and enjoyed the respect of families for miles around. When he felt death drawing near, Alexios wrote a letter to his family in which he expressed his love for them, which he could not do in life. The letter was read posthumously not only by his family but by the bishop of Rome, who had him interred in the chapel of St. Peter's. He died for Christ on 17 March 440AD, after thirty-four years of celibacy and anonymity.[2]

Relics

The honourable head of St. Alexios was given as a gift to the Great Lavra monastery in Mount Athos by the Byzantine emperor Emanuel Paleologos in 1398.

With the blessing of Archbishop Christodoulos of Athens, the reliquary left Greece in 2005, for the first time since given to the Great Lavra monastery, and travelled to Moscow and placed at the Novospasskiy monastery for public veneration.[3]

Manuscripts

Outside the Orthodox church, the oldest manuscripts recording the life of St. Alexius exist in four versions, from six manuscripts, and have been published by Adamant Media Corporation.[4]

  1. The longest version, in 12-line stanzas, from Laud MS. 622, in the Bodleian.
  2. The shortest version, in couplets, from the Cotton MS., Titus A xxvi, in the British Museum.
  3. The shorter 6-line-stanza version, from the grand Vernon MS. (ab. 1400 AD) and Laud 108, both in the Bodleian.
  4. The longer 6-line-stanza version, from Laud MS. 463 in the Bodleian, and Trin. Coll. MS. Oxford 57 [81].

Hymns

Apolytikion (Tone 4) [1]

Though thou didst bud forth from a renowned and notable root, and though thou didst blossom from a city famed for her great imperial dignity, yet didst thou scorn all things as corruptible and fleeting, striving to be joined to Christ thy Master for ever. Entreat Him, O Alexis most wise, fervently for our souls.

Troparion [2]

Thou didst bud from a famous and glorious root;
thou didst blossom from a royal and illustrious city, O supremely wise Alexis;
thou didst disdain all on earth as corruptible and fleeting,
and didst hasten to Christ the Master.
Ever entreat Him to save our souls.

Kontakion (Tone 4) [3]

As we celebrate today with fitting rev'rence the all-holy festival of Saint Alexis the all-blessed, with hymns we praise him and cry aloud: Rejoice, thou gladsome adornment of righteous men.

References

  1. Alexis, Man of God by Karen Rae Keck, The Ecole Glossary
  2. St Alexios, Man of God by Fr George Poulos, from Orthodox Saints, v. 2, Holy Cross Orthodox Press (GOAA)
  3. His Holiness performed an all-night vigil with the production of the Cross and venerated the holy relics of St. Alexius, Man of God 02.04.2005 from the Church-Scientific Center, The Orthodox Encyclopaedia.
  4. Early English Text Society Furnivall, F.J., pp. 17-80. (ISBN 1402196555)

External links

Further reading

  • "St. Alexis" in Sacred and Legendary Art, by Anna Jameson. London: Longman, Brown, Green, Longmans, & Roberts: 1857. v. 2, pp. 634-8.
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