Akathist

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[[Image:Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos icon.jpg|right|frame|Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos]]
 
 
An '''akathist''' (Greek, ''akathistos'') is a hymn dedicated to a [[saint]], [[Great Feasts|holy event]], or one of the persons of the [[Holy Trinity]].  The word ''akathist'' itself means "not sitting."  The akathist ''par excellence'' is that written in the 6th century to the [[Theotokos]].  In its use as part of the Salutations to the Theotokos service (used in the Byzantine tradition during [[Great Lent]]), it is often known by its Greek or Arabic names, '''''Chairetismoi''''' and '''''Madayeh''''', respectively.
 
An '''akathist''' (Greek, ''akathistos'') is a hymn dedicated to a [[saint]], [[Great Feasts|holy event]], or one of the persons of the [[Holy Trinity]].  The word ''akathist'' itself means "not sitting."  The akathist ''par excellence'' is that written in the 6th century to the [[Theotokos]].  In its use as part of the Salutations to the Theotokos service (used in the Byzantine tradition during [[Great Lent]]), it is often known by its Greek or Arabic names, '''''Chairetismoi''''' and '''''Madayeh''''', respectively.
  
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The [[Trisagion Prayers]] are often said as a prelude to the akathist hymn.  The akathist hymn itself is divided into thirteen parts, each of which has a [[kontakion]] and an [[oikos]].  The kontakion usually ends with the exclamation: "Alleluia!"  Within the latter part of the oikos comes an anaphoric entreaty, such as "Come!" or "Rejoice!"  The thirteenth kontakion (which does not have a corresponding ikos) is usually followed by the repetition of the first ikos and kontakion.  After the thirteen kontakia and ikoi, additional prayers are added, such as a [[troparion]] and another kontakion.  In some akathists, [[Psalms]] are also included.
 
The [[Trisagion Prayers]] are often said as a prelude to the akathist hymn.  The akathist hymn itself is divided into thirteen parts, each of which has a [[kontakion]] and an [[oikos]].  The kontakion usually ends with the exclamation: "Alleluia!"  Within the latter part of the oikos comes an anaphoric entreaty, such as "Come!" or "Rejoice!"  The thirteenth kontakion (which does not have a corresponding ikos) is usually followed by the repetition of the first ikos and kontakion.  After the thirteen kontakia and ikoi, additional prayers are added, such as a [[troparion]] and another kontakion.  In some akathists, [[Psalms]] are also included.
  
==Akathist to the Theotokos==
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==Akathists==
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===Relating to the Trinity===
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'''Akathist to'''
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*the [[Holy Trinity]]
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*[[Jesus|Our Lord, the Most Sweet Jesus]] - [http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_to_christ.shtml 1], [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_en.htm 2], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/marc89107/part_CC.html 3], [http://pages.prodigy.net/frjohnwhiteford/akswjs.htm 4]
 +
<!-- I don't actually know what languages these are in.  :[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_tw.htm Taiwanese], [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_cn.htm Cantonese] --->
 +
*Jesus Christ for a Loved One who has Fallen Asleep
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*the [[Pasion|Divine Passion of Christ]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=17 1], [http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_passion.shtml 2]
 +
*Jesus, Light to those in Darkness - [http://www.archdiocese.ca/moreAkathist.pdf 1] (PDF)
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*the [[Holy Spirit]]
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===Relating to the Theotokos===
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[[Image:Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos icon.jpg|right|frame|Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos]]
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When the word ''akathist'' is used alone, it most commonly refers to the original hymn by this name, the 6th century Akathist to the [[Theotokos]], attributed to St. [[Romanos the Melodist]] (though this attribution is hotly debated).  This hymn is often split into four parts and sung at the "Salutations to the Theotokos" service on the first four Friday evenings in [[Great Lent]]; the entire Akathist is then sung on the fifth Friday evening.  Traditionally it is included in the [[Orthros]] of the fifth [[Saturday]] of [[Great Lent]].  In [[monastery|monasteries]] of [[Mount Athos|Athonite]] tradition, the whole Akathist is usually inserted nightly at [[Compline]].
 
When the word ''akathist'' is used alone, it most commonly refers to the original hymn by this name, the 6th century Akathist to the [[Theotokos]], attributed to St. [[Romanos the Melodist]] (though this attribution is hotly debated).  This hymn is often split into four parts and sung at the "Salutations to the Theotokos" service on the first four Friday evenings in [[Great Lent]]; the entire Akathist is then sung on the fifth Friday evening.  Traditionally it is included in the [[Orthros]] of the fifth [[Saturday]] of [[Great Lent]].  In [[monastery|monasteries]] of [[Mount Athos|Athonite]] tradition, the whole Akathist is usually inserted nightly at [[Compline]].
  
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The Salutations to the Theotokos service, often known by its Greek name, the ''Chairetismoi'' (from the ''Chaire!'' so often used in the hymn), consists of [[Compline]] with the Akathist hymn inserted.  It is known in Arabic as the ''Madayeh''.
 
The Salutations to the Theotokos service, often known by its Greek name, the ''Chairetismoi'' (from the ''Chaire!'' so often used in the hymn), consists of [[Compline]] with the Akathist hymn inserted.  It is known in Arabic as the ''Madayeh''.
  
==Akathists==
 
For the following lists, when the word ''Akathist'' is linked, it links to the particular akathist hymn described in that line.  Where more of the same akathist have been found, the links will follow on the next line, indented, referencing information such as file type and language.  (English text or html files are considered the default.)  The links for the remainder of the line lead to the relevant OrthodoxWiki page for more information on the subject of the akathist.  For known authors, the name will be listed.
 
  
===Relating to the Trinity===
 
*Akathist to the [[Holy Trinity]]
 
*[http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_to_christ.shtml Akathist] to [[Jesus|Our Lord, the Most Sweet Jesus]]
 
:[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_en.htm], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/marc89107/part_CC.html], [http://pages.prodigy.net/frjohnwhiteford/akswjs.htm]
 
<!-- I don't actually know what languages these are in.  :[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_tw.htm Taiwanese], [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistlordjesus_cn.htm Cantonese] --->
 
*Akathist to Jesus Christ for a Loved One who has Fallen Asleep
 
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=17 Akathist] to the [[Pasion|Divine Passion of Christ]]
 
:[http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_passion.shtml]
 
*[http://www.archdiocese.ca/moreAkathist.pdf Akathist] (PDF) to Jesus, Light to those in Darkness (by Fr. Lawrence Farley)
 
*Akathist to the [[Holy Spirit]]
 
  
===Relating to the Theotokos===
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'''Akathist of the'''
*'''Akathist to the Holy Virgin Theotokos''' (by St. Romanus the Melodist)
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:[http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_to_theotokos.shtml], [http://www.stsymeon.com/akathist.html], [http://www.goarch.org/en/Chapel/liturgical_texts/vaporis_akathist.asp], [http://www.bright.net/~palamas/CyberPsaltiri/Triodion/FriSalutations.htm], [http://www.stirene.org/Resources/library/liturgical_AkathistHymn.htm], [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Akathist.htm], [http://www.saintdemetrios.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/Akathist.htm], [http://www.pomog.org/akathist.shtml], [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/akathis.html], [http://www.gocanada.org/Akathyst%20Hymn.htm], [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/m_akathist_e.htm], [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Akathist.htm with a brief outline], [http://www.unmercenary.com/pdf/Akathist.PDF PDF, with western notation]
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*[[Nativity of the Theotokos|Birth of the Theotokos]]
:[http://www.stnicholasla.com/AKATHIST.htm English/Arabic], [http://www.pagesorthodoxes.net/mere-de-dieu/md-acathiste.htm French], [http://vi06n140.members.eunet.at/ugcc/eunet_02/AkathistosDt.pdf German] (PDF), [http://www.saintdemetrios.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/Xairetismoi.htm Greek], [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/spanish/akathisto_virgen.htm Spanish]
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*[[Presentation of the Theotokos|Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple]]
*Akathist of the [[Nativity of the Theotokos|Birth of the Theotokos]]
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*[[Annunciation]]
*Akathist of the [[Presentation of the Theotokos|Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple]]
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*[[Protection of the Mother of God|Protection (or Covering) of the Theotokos]]
*Akathist of the [[Annunciation]]
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*[[Dormition|Dormition of the Theotokos]]
*Akathist of the [[Protection of the Mother of God|Protection (or Covering) of the Theotokos]]
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*Akathist of the [[Dormition|Dormition of the Theotokos]]
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*Akathist to the Theotokos, All-Venerable Abbess to Monasteries of the Entire World
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*Akathist to the Burning Bush of the Theotokos
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'''Akathist to the'''
:[http://www.ortodox.as.ro/acatiste/ac15.html Romanian]
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*[http://www.archdiocese.ca/moreAkathistzion.pdf Akathist] (PDF) to the Theotokos, Daughter of Zion (by Fr. Lawrence Farley)
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*'''Holy Virgin Theotokos''' (by St. Romanus the Melodist)
*Akathist to the Theotokos, the Deliverer
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:English - [http://www.monachos.net/other/akathist_to_theotokos.shtml 1], [http://www.stsymeon.com/akathist.html 2], [http://www.goarch.org/en/Chapel/liturgical_texts/vaporis_akathist.asp 3], [http://www.bright.net/~palamas/CyberPsaltiri/Triodion/FriSalutations.htm 4], [http://www.stirene.org/Resources/library/liturgical_AkathistHymn.htm 5], [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Akathist.htm 6], [http://www.saintdemetrios.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/Akathist.htm 7], [http://www.pomog.org/akathist.shtml 8], [http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/akathis.html 9], [http://www.gocanada.org/Akathyst%20Hymn.htm 10], [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/m_akathist_e.htm 11], [http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Akathist.htm 12], [http://www.unmercenary.com/pdf/Akathist.PDF 13] (PDF)
*Akathist to the Theotokos, the Door-keeper
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:Other - [http://www.stnicholasla.com/AKATHIST.htm 14] (English/Arabic), [http://www.pagesorthodoxes.net/mere-de-dieu/md-acathiste.htm 15] (French), [http://vi06n140.members.eunet.at/ugcc/eunet_02/AkathistosDt.pdf 16] (German-PDF), [http://www.saintdemetrios.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/Xairetismoi.htm 17] (Greek), [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/spanish/akathisto_virgen.htm 18] (Spanish)
*Akathist to the Theotokos, the Enricher of the Harvest
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*Burning Bush of the Theotokos - [http://www.ortodox.as.ro/acatiste/ac15.html 1] (Romanian)
*[http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/services/akathist_inexhaustible_cup.htm Akathist] to the Theotokos, Inexhaustible Cup
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*Most Holy Theotokos of the Portal of [[Iviron Monastery (Athos)|Iviron]] - [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/iviron.html 1]
:[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/inexhaustible.html]
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*Theotokos of All Protection - [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/protection.html 1], [http://oholy.net/VeilAkathist.html 2]
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=10 Akathist] to the [[Mother of God Joy of All Who Sorrow|Theotokos, Joy of All Who Sorrow]]
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*[http://www.serfes.org/orthodox/NuturerofChildren.htm Akathist] to the Theotokos, Nurturer of Children
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*[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/protection.html Akathist] to the Theotokos of All Protection
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'''Akathist to the Theotokos,'''
:[http://oholy.net/VeilAkathist.html]
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*[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/pantanassa.html Akathist] to the Theotokos, Queen of All (Pantanassa, or "Healer of Cancer")
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*All-Venerable Abbess to Monasteries of the Entire World
:[http://saintjohnwonderworker.org/AKATHIST%20TO%20THE%20MOTHER%20OF%20GOD--Healer%20of%20Cancer02.htm]
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*Daughter of Zion - [http://www.archdiocese.ca/moreAkathistzion.pdf 1] (PDF)
*Akathist to the Theotokos, Spring of Healing
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*the Deliverer
*Akathist to the Theotokos, Swift to Aid
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*the Door-keeper
*Akathist to the Theotokos, Unexpected Joy <!-- http://skete.com/moreinfo.cfm?Category=35&Product_ID=124 http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100313 --->
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*the Enricher of the Harvest
*Akathist to the Theotokos for Reconciliation
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*the Inexhaustible Cup - [http://www.orthodoxresearchinstitute.org/resources/services/akathist_inexhaustible_cup.htm 1], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/inexhaustible.html 2]
*Akathist to the [[Kursk Root Icon|Theotokos at her Wonder-working Kursk Root Icon of the Sign]]
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*[[Mother of God Joy of All Who Sorrow|Joy of All Who Sorrow]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=10 1]
:[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistinnok-irkust_ru.htm Russian]
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*Nurturer of Children - [http://www.serfes.org/orthodox/NuturerofChildren.htm 1]
*Akathist to the Theotokos at her Icon "Stay of Our Sorrows" (or "Assuage My Sorrow")
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*Queen of All (Pantanassa, or "Healer of Cancer") - [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/pantanassa.html 1], [http://saintjohnwonderworker.org/AKATHIST%20TO%20THE%20MOTHER%20OF%20GOD--Healer%20of%20Cancer02.htm 2]
*Akathist to the Theotokos at the Wonder-working Icon of Crasna
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*Spring of Healing
*Akathist to the Theotokos at her Weeping Icon of Boian (Bojan)
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*Swift to Aid
*[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/iviron.html Akathist] of the Theotokos of the Portal of [[Iviron Monastery (Athos)|Iviron]]
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*Unexpected Joy <!-- http://skete.com/moreinfo.cfm?Category=35&Product_ID=124 http://ocafs.oca.org/FeastSaintsViewer.asp?SID=4&ID=1&FSID=100313 --->
*Akathist to the Theotokos at the Icon of Seven Arrows (Icon of the Prophecy of Simeon)
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*[http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akafmog.htm Akathist] to the Theotokos at her Icon of Felixstowe
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*[http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/Akathists/tikhviniconakathist.pdf Akathist] (PDF) to the [[Theotokos of Tikhvin|Theotokos at her Wonder-working Icon of Tikhvin]]
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'''Akathist to the Theotokos for''' Reconciliation
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'''Akathist to the Theotokos at her'''
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*[[Kursk Root Icon|Wonder-working Kursk Root Icon of the Sign]] - [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistinnok-irkust_ru.htm 1] (Russian)
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*Icon "Stay of Our Sorrows" (or "Assuage My Sorrow")
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*Weeping Icon of Boian (Bojan)
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*Icon of Felixstowe - [http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akafmog.htm 1]
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*[[Theotokos of Tikhvin|Wonder-working Icon of Tikhvin]] - [http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/Akathists/tikhviniconakathist.pdf 1] (PDF)
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'''Akathist to the Theotokos at the'''
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*Wonder-working Icon of Crasna
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*Icon of Seven Arrows (Icon of the Prophecy of Simeon)
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===Relating to the [[Great Feasts]]===
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'''Akathist of the'''
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*[[Nativity of the Theotokos|Birth of the Theotokos]]
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*[[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Holy Cross]] - [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/marc89107/part_LL.html 1]
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*[[Presentation of the Theotokos|Presentation of the Theotokos to the Temple]]
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*[[Nativity|Nativity of Christ]] - [http://www.sjkp.org/AkNativity.pdf 1] (PDF)
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*[[Annunciation]]
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*[[Dormition|Dormition of the Theotokos]]
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===Relating to Saints===
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Singular - '''Akathist to St.'''
  
===Relating to the Saints===
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*[[Alexander of Svir]] (Syväri) - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Pyhittaja_Aleksanteri_Syvarilaiselle_2.htm 1] (Finnish)
*Akathist to St. [[Alexander of Svir]] (Syväri)
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*Alexis, Man of God
:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Pyhittaja_Aleksanteri_Syvarilaiselle_2.htm Finnish]
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*[[Anthony the Great]]
*Akathist to St. Alexis, Man of God
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*[[Arsenius of Konevits]] - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Arseni_Konevitsalaiselle.htm 1] (Finnish)
*Akathist to St. [[Anthony the Great]]
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*[[David|David the Prophet, King of Israel]] - [http://akafist.narod.ru/D/David.htm 1]
*Akathist to St. [[Arsenius of Konevits]]
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*Demetrios the Great Martyr
:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Arseni_Konevitsalaiselle.htm Finnish]
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*Dimitri Basarabov
*[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistmartyrs.html Akathist] to the Chinese martyr saints who died in the Boxer Rebellion (by Geoffrey Korz)
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*[[Elijah the Prophet]]
:[http://www.asna.ca/resources/akathist-chinese-martyrs-1900.pdf] (PDF)
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*Elizabeth the New Martyr (Grand Duchess) - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=19 1], [http://www.serfes.org/royal/akathisttoelizabeth.htm 2], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/elizabeth.html 3]
*[http://akafist.narod.ru/D/David.htm Akathist] to St. [[David|David the Prophet, King of Israel]]
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*[[George the Trophy-bearer|George the Trophy-bearer and Great Martyr]]
*Akathist to St. Demetrios the Great Martyr
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*[[Gregory Palamas]]
*Akathist to St. Dimitri Basarabov
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*Guthlac of Crowland - [http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm 1]
*Akathist to St. [[Elijah the Prophet]]
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*[[Herman of Alaska]] - [http://dioceseofalaska.org/pdf/liturgical/StHermanAkathist-FullPage.pdf 1] (PDF)
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=19 Akathist] to St. Elizabeth the New Martyr (Grand Duchess)
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*Ignaty Brianchovich - [http://www.podvorje.orthodoxy.ru/English/Service/StIgnAkf.htm 1]
:[http://www.serfes.org/royal/akathisttoelizabeth.htm], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/elizabeth.html]
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*[[Innocent of Alaska]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=18 1], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/innocent.html 2], [http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/Akathists/stinnocentakathist.pdf 3] (PDF)
*Akathist to St. [[George the Trophy-bearer|George the Trophy-bearer and Great Martyr]]
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*[[Jacob Netsvetov|Jacob of Alaska]] - [http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/July/stjacobakathist.pdf 1] (PDF)
*Akathist to St. [[Gregory Palamas]]
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*[[John the Forerunner]]
*[http://www.orthodoxengland.btinternet.co.uk/akaguth.htm Akathist] to St. Guthlac of Crowland (by Fr. Elias Jones)
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*[[John the Theologian]]
*[http://dioceseofalaska.org/pdf/liturgical/StHermanAkathist-FullPage.pdf Akathist] (PDF) to St. [[Herman of Alaska]]
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*[[John of Kronstadt]] - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Johannes_Kronstadtilaiselle.htm 1] (Finnish)
*[http://www.podvorje.orthodoxy.ru/English/Service/StIgnAkf.htm Akathist] to St. Ignaty Brianchovich
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*[[John Maximovitch|John of Shanghai and San Francisco]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=11 1], [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathiststjohn_en.htm 2], [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/st_john_service.htm#akathist 3]
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=18 Akathist] of St. [[Innocent of Alaska]]
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:[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/innocent.html], [http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/Akathists/stinnocentakathist.pdf] (PDF)
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*[http://www.oca.org/PDF/Music/July/stjacobakathist.pdf Akathist] (PDF) to St. [[Jacob Netsvetov|Jacob of Alaska]]
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*Akathist to St. [[John the Forerunner]]
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*Akathist to St. [[John the Theologian]]
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*Akathist to St. [[John of Kronstadt]]
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:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Johannes_Kronstadtilaiselle.htm Finnish]
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*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=11 Akathist] to St. [[John Maximovitch|John of Shanghai and San Francisco]]
+
:[http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathiststjohn_en.htm], [http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/st_john_service.htm#akathist]
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<!-- http://saintjohnwonderworker.org/Parish_Akathist.htm check this out later - m3u file --->
 
<!-- http://saintjohnwonderworker.org/Parish_Akathist.htm check this out later - m3u file --->
*Akathist to St. [[John the New (of Suceava)]]
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*[[John the New (of Suceava)]]
*[http://stjulianalazarevo.org/akathist_hymn.html Akathist] to St. Juliana of Lazarevo
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*St. Juliana of Lazarevo - [http://stjulianalazarevo.org/akathist_hymn.html 1]
*Akathist to St. [[Mary Magdalene]]
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*[[Mary Magdalene]]
*Akathist to St. [[Maximus Sandovich]], Protomartyr of the Lemko people <!-- http://www.lemko.org/religion/maxim/ --->
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*[[Maximus Sandovich]], Protomartyr of the Lemko people <!-- http://www.lemko.org/religion/maxim/ --->
*Akathist to St. [[Menas the Wonder-worker]]
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*[[Menas the Wonder-worker]]
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=12 Akathist] to St. [[Nektarios of Pentapolis]]
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*[[Nektarios of Pentapolis]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=12 1]
*Akathist to St. [[Nicholas of Myra]]
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*[[Nicholas of Myra]]
*[http://www.serfes.org/royal/akathist.htm Akathist] to St. [[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II, Tsar and Emperor of All Russia, the Passion-bearer]] (by Daniel Stolypin)
+
*[[Nicholas II of Russia|Nicholas II, Tsar and Emperor of All Russia, the Passion-bearer]] - [http://www.serfes.org/royal/akathist.htm 1], [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/nicholas.html 2], [http://www.rocor.org.au/stjohntheforerunnerchurch/articles/akathist.html 3]
:[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/nicholas.html], [http://www.rocor.org.au/stjohntheforerunnerchurch/articles/akathist.html]
+
*St. Nilus, Wonder-worker of Sora - [http://www.saintnilus.org/akathist.html 1]
*[http://www.saintnilus.org/akathist.html Akathist] to St. Nilus, Wonder-worker of Sora
+
*[[Panteleimon]]
*Akathist to St. [[Panteleimon]]
+
*[[Paraskeve]]
*Akathist to St. [[Paraskeve]]
+
*Philothea
*Akathist to Ss. [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]]
+
*[[Raphael of Brooklyn]] - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=13 1], [http://www.angelfire.com/pa3/straphaelcanonized/hymns/BRAkathist.htm 2], [http://www.networks-now.net/litresswraoc/SVCRaphaelAkathist.htm 3]
*Akathist to St. Philothea
+
*[[Seraphim of Sarov]]
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=13 Akathist] to St. [[Raphael of Brooklyn]]
+
*[[Apostle Simon|Simon the Zealot, Apostle and Evangelist]]
:[http://www.angelfire.com/pa3/straphaelcanonized/hymns/BRAkathist.htm], [http://www.networks-now.net/litresswraoc/SVCRaphaelAkathist.htm]
+
*[[Spyridon of Trymithous]]
*Akathist to St. [[Seraphim of Sarov]]
+
*[[Tikhon of Moscow]] - [http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/tikhon.html 1]
*Akathist to Ss. [[Sergei of Valaam|Sergei]] and [[Herman of Valaam|Herman]] of Valaam
+
*[[Tryphon of Pechenga|Trifon (Tryphon) of Pechenga]] (Petsamo) - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Trifon_Petsamolaiselle.htm 1] (Finnish)
:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/tietopankki/rukoukset/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Pyhittajaisillemme_Sergeille_ja_Hermanille.htm Finnish]
+
*[[Xenia of St. Petersburg]]
*Akathist to St. [[Apostle Simon|Simon the Zealot, Apostle and Evangelist]]
+
 
*Akathist to St. [[Spyridon of Trymithous]]
+
 
*[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/carthusian/Akathist/tikhon.html Akathist] to St. [[Tikhon of Moscow]]
+
Plural - '''Akathist to'''
*Akathist to St. [[Tryphon of Pechenga|Trifon (Tryphon) of Pechenga]] (Petsamo)
+
 
:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Trifon_Petsamolaiselle.htm Finnish]
+
*All Saints [http://www.parohia-precupetii-vechi.ro/acatist.htm 1] (Romanian)
*Akathist to St. [[Xenia of St. Petersburg]]
+
*the Chinese martyr saints who died in the Boxer Rebellion - [http://www.asna.ca/resources/akathist-chinese-martyrs-1900.pdf 1] (PDF), [http://www.orthodox.cn/liturgical/akathist/akathistmartyrs.html 2]
 +
*SS. [[Apostle Peter|Peter]] and [[Apostle Paul|Paul]]
 +
*SS. [[Sergei of Valaam|Sergei]] and [[Herman of Valaam|Herman]] of Valaam - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/tietopankki/rukoukset/akatistohymnit/akatistos_Pyhittajaisillemme_Sergeille_ja_Hermanille.htm 1] (Finnish)
 +
 
 +
 
 +
Local/Diocesan Saints
 +
 
 +
*[http://users.sisqtel.net/williams/akathist-frseraphim.html Akathist] to [[Seraphim Rose]]
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===Relating to Angels===
 +
 
 +
'''Akathist to the'''
 +
 
 +
*Holy Archangel Michael - [http://cs-people.bu.edu/butta1/akathistarchangelmichael.htm 1]
 +
*Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel
 +
*Guardian Angel
 +
 
  
 
===Other Akathists===
 
===Other Akathists===
*[http://www.stvladimirs.ca/library/akathist-holy-communion.html Akathist] for [[Eucharist|Holy Communion]]
+
 
*[http://www.sjkp.org/AkNativity.pdf Akathist] (PDF) of the [[Nativity|Nativity of Christ]]
+
*Akathist for [[Eucharist|Holy Communion]] - [http://www.stvladimirs.ca/library/akathist-holy-communion.html 1]
*[http://www.angelfire.com/nv2/marc89107/part_LL.html Akathist] of the [[Elevation of the Holy Cross|Holy Cross]]
+
*Akathist to the Tomb and the Resurrection of the Lord - [http://gnisios.narod.ru/aktomb.html 1]
*[http://gnisios.narod.ru/aktomb.html Akathist] to the Tomb and the Resurrection of the Lord
+
 
*Akathist to the Resurrection of Christ
 
*Akathist to the Resurrection of Christ
*[http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=27 Akathist] "Glory to God for All Things"
+
*Akathist "Glory to God for All Things" - The Akathist is often attributed to [[Priest]] Gregory Petrov who died in a Soviet prison camp in 1940, but also to [[Metropolitan]] Tryphon (Prince Boris Petrovich Turkestanov) +1934. The title is from the words of St. [[John Chrysostom]] as he was dying in exile. It is a song of praise from amidst the most terrible sufferings. - [http://www.joyinsorrow.com/viewPrayer.asp?id=27 1], [http://www.stchcathedral.org.bh/snippets/akathist.htm 2]
:[http://www.stchcathedral.org.bh/snippets/akathist.htm]; The Akathist is often attributed to [[Priest]] Gregory Petrov who died in a Soviet prison camp in 1940, but also to [[Metropolitan]] Tryphon (Prince Boris Petrovich Turkestanov) +1934. The title is from the words of St. [[John Chrysostom]] as he was dying in exile. It is a song of praise from amidst the most terrible sufferings.
+
*[http://www.orthodox.net/akathists/akathist-thanksgiving.html Akathist] of Thanksgiving (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akathist_of_thanksgiving.htm 1], [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_luomakunnalle_3.htm 2] (Finnish)
*[http://www.orthodox.net/akathists/akathist-thanksgiving.html Akathist] of Thanksgiving (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov))
+
*Akathist in Praise of God's Creation (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - [http://www.goarch.org/en/ourfaith/articles/article8228.asp 1]
:[http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akathist_of_thanksgiving.htm]; [http://www.ortodoksi.net/liturgiset_tekstit/akatistohymnit/akatistos_luomakunnalle_3.htm Finnish]
+
*Akathist for the Repose of the Departed - [http://users.sisqtel.net/williams/akathist-repose.html 1]
*[http://www.goarch.org/en/ourfaith/articles/article8228.asp Akathist] in Praise of God's Creation (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov))
+
*[http://cs-people.bu.edu/butta1/akathistarchangelmichael.htm Akathist] to the Holy Archangel Michael
+
*Akathist to the Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel
+
*Akathist to the Guardian Angel
+
*[http://users.sisqtel.net/williams/akathist-repose.html Akathist] for the Repose of the Departed
+
*Akathist to All Saints
+
:[http://www.parohia-precupetii-vechi.ro/acatist.htm Romanian]
+
*[http://users.sisqtel.net/williams/akathist-frseraphim.html Akathist] to [[Seraphim Rose]]
+
  
 
==External links==
 
==External links==
Line 157: Line 195:
 
*[http://www.dormitionorthodoxchurch.org/heavenlyladder1_4.pdf The Akathist Hymn] by Fr. Luke Hartung
 
*[http://www.dormitionorthodoxchurch.org/heavenlyladder1_4.pdf The Akathist Hymn] by Fr. Luke Hartung
 
<!-- http://akafist.narod.ru/ Russian site ? --->
 
<!-- http://akafist.narod.ru/ Russian site ? --->
 +
*[http://home.it.net.au/~jgrapsas/pages/Akathist.htm Akathist with a brief outline]
 +
*[http://www.unmercenary.com/pdf/Akathist.PDF PDF, with western notation]
  
 
[[Category:Hymnography]]
 
[[Category:Hymnography]]
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]
 
[[Category:Liturgics]]

Revision as of 00:37, January 8, 2006

An akathist (Greek, akathistos) is a hymn dedicated to a saint, holy event, or one of the persons of the Holy Trinity. The word akathist itself means "not sitting." The akathist par excellence is that written in the 6th century to the Theotokos. In its use as part of the Salutations to the Theotokos service (used in the Byzantine tradition during Great Lent), it is often known by its Greek or Arabic names, Chairetismoi and Madayeh, respectively.

The writing of akathists (occasionally spelled acathist) continues today as part of the general composition of an akolouthia, especially in the Slavic tradition, although not all are widely known nor translated beyond the original language. Isaac E. Lambertsen has done a large amount of translation work, including many different akathists. Most of the newer akathists are pastiche, that is, a generic form imitating the original 6th century akathist into which a particular saint's name is inserted.

Contents

Structure

The Trisagion Prayers are often said as a prelude to the akathist hymn. The akathist hymn itself is divided into thirteen parts, each of which has a kontakion and an oikos. The kontakion usually ends with the exclamation: "Alleluia!" Within the latter part of the oikos comes an anaphoric entreaty, such as "Come!" or "Rejoice!" The thirteenth kontakion (which does not have a corresponding ikos) is usually followed by the repetition of the first ikos and kontakion. After the thirteen kontakia and ikoi, additional prayers are added, such as a troparion and another kontakion. In some akathists, Psalms are also included.

Akathists

Relating to the Trinity

Akathist to


Relating to the Theotokos

Akathist Hymn to the Theotokos

When the word akathist is used alone, it most commonly refers to the original hymn by this name, the 6th century Akathist to the Theotokos, attributed to St. Romanos the Melodist (though this attribution is hotly debated). This hymn is often split into four parts and sung at the "Salutations to the Theotokos" service on the first four Friday evenings in Great Lent; the entire Akathist is then sung on the fifth Friday evening. Traditionally it is included in the Orthros of the fifth Saturday of Great Lent. In monasteries of Athonite tradition, the whole Akathist is usually inserted nightly at Compline.

The four sections into which the Akathist is divided correspond to the themes of the Annuncation, Nativity, Christ, and the Theotokos herself.

The hymn itself forms an alphabetical acrostic—that is, each oikos ("house," possibly from the Syriac terminology) begins with a letter of the Greek alphabet, in order—and it consists of twelve long and twelve short oikoi. Each of the long oikoi include a seven-line stanza followed by six couplets, employing rhyme, assonance, and alliteration, beginning with the word Chaire (translated as either "Hail!" or "Rejoice!") and ending with the refrain, "Hail, Bride without bridegroom!" In the short oikoi, the seven-line stanza is followed by the refrain, "Alleluia!"

The Salutations to the Theotokos service, often known by its Greek name, the Chairetismoi (from the Chaire! so often used in the hymn), consists of Compline with the Akathist hymn inserted. It is known in Arabic as the Madayeh.


Akathist of the


Akathist to the

  • Holy Virgin Theotokos (by St. Romanus the Melodist)
English - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 (PDF)
Other - 14 (English/Arabic), 15 (French), 16 (German-PDF), 17 (Greek), 18 (Spanish)
  • Burning Bush of the Theotokos - 1 (Romanian)
  • Most Holy Theotokos of the Portal of Iviron - 1
  • Theotokos of All Protection - 1, 2


Akathist to the Theotokos,

  • All-Venerable Abbess to Monasteries of the Entire World
  • Daughter of Zion - 1 (PDF)
  • the Deliverer
  • the Door-keeper
  • the Enricher of the Harvest
  • the Inexhaustible Cup - 1, 2
  • Joy of All Who Sorrow - 1
  • Nurturer of Children - 1
  • Queen of All (Pantanassa, or "Healer of Cancer") - 1, 2
  • Spring of Healing
  • Swift to Aid
  • Unexpected Joy


Akathist to the Theotokos for Reconciliation


Akathist to the Theotokos at her


Akathist to the Theotokos at the

  • Wonder-working Icon of Crasna
  • Icon of Seven Arrows (Icon of the Prophecy of Simeon)


Relating to the Great Feasts

Akathist of the


Relating to Saints

Singular - Akathist to St.


Plural - Akathist to

  • All Saints 1 (Romanian)
  • the Chinese martyr saints who died in the Boxer Rebellion - 1 (PDF), 2
  • SS. Peter and Paul
  • SS. Sergei and Herman of Valaam - 1 (Finnish)


Local/Diocesan Saints


Relating to Angels

Akathist to the

  • Holy Archangel Michael - 1
  • Holy Archangels Michael and Gabriel
  • Guardian Angel


Other Akathists

  • Akathist for Holy Communion - 1
  • Akathist to the Tomb and the Resurrection of the Lord - 1
  • Akathist to the Resurrection of Christ
  • Akathist "Glory to God for All Things" - The Akathist is often attributed to Priest Gregory Petrov who died in a Soviet prison camp in 1940, but also to Metropolitan Tryphon (Prince Boris Petrovich Turkestanov) +1934. The title is from the words of St. John Chrysostom as he was dying in exile. It is a song of praise from amidst the most terrible sufferings. - 1, 2
  • Akathist of Thanksgiving (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - 1, 2 (Finnish)
  • Akathist in Praise of God's Creation (by Metropolitan Tryphon (Turkestanov)) - 1
  • Akathist for the Repose of the Departed - 1

External links

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