Adrian of Moscow

From OrthodoxWiki
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
m (link)
m (link)
 
(8 intermediate revisions by 4 users not shown)
Line 2: Line 2:
  
 
==Life==
 
==Life==
Little is known of Adrian’s early life. He was born on [[October 2]], 1627 and [[baptism|baptized]] with name Andrei (Russian: Андрей). He entered a [[monasticism|monastic]] life and was given the name Adrian during his [[tonsure]] as a [[monk]]. In time, he became an [[archimandrite]] at [[Chudov Monastery]] in Moscow. At the monastery, he came to the attention of Patriarch Joachim. who, in 1686, appointed him to govern the [[Diocese of Kazan]] as the Metropolitan of Kazan. On [[August 24]], 1690, Adrian was chosen Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia after the repose of Joachim in 1690.
+
Little is known of Adrian’s early life. He was born on [[October 2]], 1627 and [[baptism|baptized]] with name Andrei (Russian: Андрей). He entered a [[monasticism|monastic]] life and was given the name Adrian during his [[tonsure]] as a [[monk]]. In time, he became an [[archimandrite]] at [[Chudov Monastery]] in Moscow. At the monastery, he came to the attention of Patriarch [[Joachim (Savelov) of Moscow|Joachim]]. who, in 1686, appointed him to govern the [[Diocese of Kazan]] as the Metropolitan of Kazan. On [[August 24]], 1690, Adrian was chosen Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia after the repose of Joachim in 1690.
  
Patr. Adrian was patriarch early in the reign of Peter I, as Peter began various reforms to modernize Russia both culturally and religiously. Patr. Adrian resisted Peter’s reforms as they applied to Church traditions and particularly criticized the Peter’s order of mandatory shaving of beards. While he accepted Peter’s criticisms of deficiencies in the governance of the Russian Church, his relations with Peter became very intense. These tensions were heightened by Patr. Adrian advocating a milder form of Patr. [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon’s]] claim that the Church had supervision over secular matters, a well as spiritual, and that the patriarch, as the figure of Christ, was another ruler of Russia as well as the tsar.<ref>Francis Dvornik, ''The Slavs in European History and Civilization'', Rutgers University Press, Brunswick, New Jersey, 1962, p539</ref>
+
Patr. Adrian was patriarch early in the reign of Peter I, as Peter began various reforms to modernize Russia both culturally and religiously. Patr. Adrian resisted Peter’s reforms as they applied to Church traditions and particularly criticized the Peter’s order of mandatory shaving of beards. While he accepted Peter’s criticisms of deficiencies in the governance of the Russian Church, his relations with Peter became very intense. These tensions were heightened by Patr. Adrian advocating a milder form of Patr. [[Nikon of Moscow|Nikon’s]] claim that the Church had supervision over secular matters, a well as spiritual, and that the patriarch, as the figure of Christ, was another ruler of Russia as well as the tsar.<ref>[[Francis Dvornik]], ''The Slavs in European History and Civilization'', Rutgers University Press, Brunswick, New Jersey, 1962, p539</ref>
  
 
After Patr. Adrian’s repose on [[October 16]], 1700, Peter delayed the appointment of a new patriarch for over twenty years while the Church was administered by a friendly Metr. Stephen (Iavorsky), as ''[[locum tenens]]'', before abolishing the position of patriarch and forming the Apostolic Governing Synod, under the supervision of a layman [[Ober-Procurator]].<ref>Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, ''A History of Russia'', 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, New York, 1977, p257.</ref>
 
After Patr. Adrian’s repose on [[October 16]], 1700, Peter delayed the appointment of a new patriarch for over twenty years while the Church was administered by a friendly Metr. Stephen (Iavorsky), as ''[[locum tenens]]'', before abolishing the position of patriarch and forming the Apostolic Governing Synod, under the supervision of a layman [[Ober-Procurator]].<ref>Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, ''A History of Russia'', 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, New York, 1977, p257.</ref>
Line 10: Line 10:
 
{{start box}}
 
{{start box}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=Ioasaph|
+
before=Joasaph|
title=Metropolitan of Kazan|
+
title=[[List of bishops of the Diocese of Kazan|Metropolitan of Kazan]]|
 
years= 1686-1690 |
 
years= 1686-1690 |
after=Markell}}
+
after=[[Markell of Kazan|Markell]]}}
 
{{succession|
 
{{succession|
before=Joachim|
+
before=[[Joachim (Savelov) of Moscow|Joachim]]|
 
title=[[List of primates of Russia|Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia]]|
 
title=[[List of primates of Russia|Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia]]|
 
years=1690-1700|
 
years=1690-1700|
after=Stephen (Iavorsky) as locum tenens<br>[[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] (1917) as Patriarch}}
+
after=[[Stephen (Yavorsky) of Ryazan|Stephen (Iavorsky)]] as locum tenens<br>[[Tikhon of Moscow|Tikhon]] (1917) as Patriarch}}
{{end box}}  
+
{{end box}}
  
 
==References==
 
==References==
Line 28: Line 28:
  
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 
[[Category: Bishops]]
 +
[[Category:17th-century bishops]]
 +
[[Category: Bishops of Kazan]]
 +
[[Category: Bishops of Moscow]]
 +
 +
[[ro:Adrian al Moscovei]]

Latest revision as of 17:32, September 9, 2012

Adrian of Moscow was the Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia during the early part of the reign of Tsar Peter I. After his death the position of patriarch was abolished by Peter and replaced by the Apostolic Governing Synod, better known as the Holy Synod.

Life

Little is known of Adrian’s early life. He was born on October 2, 1627 and baptized with name Andrei (Russian: Андрей). He entered a monastic life and was given the name Adrian during his tonsure as a monk. In time, he became an archimandrite at Chudov Monastery in Moscow. At the monastery, he came to the attention of Patriarch Joachim. who, in 1686, appointed him to govern the Diocese of Kazan as the Metropolitan of Kazan. On August 24, 1690, Adrian was chosen Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia after the repose of Joachim in 1690.

Patr. Adrian was patriarch early in the reign of Peter I, as Peter began various reforms to modernize Russia both culturally and religiously. Patr. Adrian resisted Peter’s reforms as they applied to Church traditions and particularly criticized the Peter’s order of mandatory shaving of beards. While he accepted Peter’s criticisms of deficiencies in the governance of the Russian Church, his relations with Peter became very intense. These tensions were heightened by Patr. Adrian advocating a milder form of Patr. Nikon’s claim that the Church had supervision over secular matters, a well as spiritual, and that the patriarch, as the figure of Christ, was another ruler of Russia as well as the tsar.[1]

After Patr. Adrian’s repose on October 16, 1700, Peter delayed the appointment of a new patriarch for over twenty years while the Church was administered by a friendly Metr. Stephen (Iavorsky), as locum tenens, before abolishing the position of patriarch and forming the Apostolic Governing Synod, under the supervision of a layman Ober-Procurator.[2]

Succession box:
Adrian of Moscow
Preceded by:
Joasaph
Metropolitan of Kazan
1686-1690
Succeeded by:
Markell
Preceded by:
Joachim
Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia
1690-1700
Succeeded by:
Stephen (Iavorsky) as locum tenens
Tikhon (1917) as Patriarch
Help with box



References

  1. Francis Dvornik, The Slavs in European History and Civilization, Rutgers University Press, Brunswick, New Jersey, 1962, p539
  2. Nicholas V. Riasanovsky, A History of Russia, 3rd ed., Oxford University Press, New York, 1977, p257.

Source

Personal tools
Namespaces
Variants
Actions
Navigation
interaction
Donate

Please consider supporting OrthodoxWiki. FAQs

Toolbox
In other languages