Abu of Tbilisi

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The Holy [[martyr]] '''Abu of Tbilisi''' was a well born [[muslim]] arab who accompanied the Georgian ruler Kartli Nerses when he returned to Georgia from Bagdad about the year 775. His interest in Christianity grew such that he became a Christian and suffered martyrdom. In Georgian transliteration his name is Abo. The martyr Abu is remembered on [[January 8]]
'''Saint martyr Abu of Tbilisi''', +790 ([[January 8]]).
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Abu (in Georgian transcription - Abo) was highborn Arab, born in Baghdad, and, according to his biography, "excellent connoisseur of mohammedan books" - Qur’an and Law. We do not know, why ca. 775 he fled from his home to distant Georgia (then the emirate of Tbilisi), together with only the just rescued ruler Kartli Nerses as one of his attendants. This blast was rather a tribute to his youth.  
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==Life==
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Abu was born in Bagdad. According to his biography he was an "excellent connoisseur of mohammedan books" that is the Qur’an and Law. There is no information concerning his reasoning for leaving his home in Bagdad to travel to distant Georgia, the Emirate of Tibilisi, nor why he was an attendant to the released Georgian ruler Kartli Nerses.
  
On arrival to Georgia, Abu, how the author his life reports, still a moslem, "has deserved love and respect of the whole people". Probably this young Arab was a person of scientific habit of mind: he studied the Georgian language and proceeded to seriously study the Bible and Christianity on the whole. He attends the [[Divine Liturgy]], perceiving its meaning. He talks with educated Christians. All this gradually convinced Abu to make the decision to embrace christianity as the single true religion. It is very important for us that in his conversion both his heart and mind participated.
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According to his biographer, after his arrival in Georgia, Abu remained a moslem, but apparently being learned and receptive to new ideas, he studied the Georgian language and then continued serious study of the [[Holy Scripture|Holy Bible]] and Christianity. He attended the [[Divine Liturgy]] and perceived its meaning. He talked with educated Christians. Through these associations Abu was gradually convinced to make the decision to embrace Christianity as the single true religion, an action that he made in both his heart and mind.
  
For the time being Abu, like Achmed, does not declare himself a Christian. At this time political circumstances change and newly deposed Nerses with 300 servitiors left Kartli and set off to Chazaria.  
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At the time of his decision, Georgia was subjected to political changed. Thus, like Achmed Kalfa, he did not declare himself a Christian, but was among the 300 attendants who accompanied the deposed Nerses in his exile to Chazaria. There Abu accepted [[baptism]].
  
There Abu accepts [[baptism]].  
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In Georgia, Stephen, a nephew of Nerses, became the ruler in Kartli. Stephen pleaded for Nerses’ return, which in time was granted, and Nerses, with Abu, returned to Georgia. After his return, Abu openly professed and preached about Christ in the Arabic quarters of Tbilisi without any ill will among the population. But, a rise in hostility grew to the “Apostate” among influential muslims.
  
Meantime Stephen, a nephew of Nerses, was elected in Kartli as ruler, pleading to caliph for his uncle's return. Nerses (and Abu) return to Georgia. For three years he openly professes and preaches about Christ in Arabic quarters of Tbilisi and nobody ventured to cause him ills. However, hostility to "[[apostate]]" amongst influential muslims relentlessly rose.  
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In December 785, Abu was arrested for the first time for teaching Christ and thrown into the dungeon. Solicitation by the ruler Stephen soon earned Abu’s freedom from the infidels, but not for long. Abu’s foes informed the Kadi that Abu was born a muslim and only later converted to Christianity. On this basis these muslims called repeatedly for Abu’s re-arrest. When some Christian friends heard about these demands and suggested that Abu escape, he answered, “I am ready for Christ, not only to torments, but also to death.” When taken before a judge, he went in peace with Christ.
  
In December 785, the [[saint]] first was arrested and then thrown in a dungeon. After several days, on solicitation of the ruler Stephen, he was freed. However, the saint was not free for a very long time. His foes inform kadi that Abu was born moslem and later [[convert]]ed in Christianity, so on this base they asked repeatedly for his arrest. Having heard about this delation, some Christians alerted the Abu beforehand, and offered to help him to escape, but the saint peacefully answered to that:
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Abu’s appearance before the judge followed the established proceedings. He was offered cash awards and good career positions, that he spurned. After these unsuccessful proceeding, Abu was shackled and thrown into a dungeon to await his martyrdom. While waiting ABu presented an amazing example of his veneration and humility before God. He took the opportunity to sell his property through his friends, with the some of the proceeds to benefit his own cellmates. He asked that the money also be used for incense, candles, and benedictions for churches with a request that his memory be remembered in their prayers.
  
“I am ready for Christ, not only to torments, but also to death
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On the day of his martyrdom, Abu asked to receive Holy [[Communion]]. This was recognized and in the third hour he was visited by a [[priest]]. After Communion Abu was led across the city to his execution site. After he saying his prayers, the executioner began his duty by three time using the dull side of the sword in an attempt to induce fear in Abu and that he would return to [[islam]]. Not being successful, the executioner then took his full strokes, this was on [[January 6]], 786.
 
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==Source==
 
==Source==
*[http://www.pravoslavie-islam.ru/maximoveng.htm Saint martyr Abu of Tbilisi, +790 (8/21 January)] from "Saints of Orthodox Church, who were converted from Islam" by Yurij Maximov
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*[http://www.pravoslavie-islam.ru/maximoveng.htm Saint martyr Abu of Tbilisi, +790 (8/21 January)]
  
 
[[Category:Saints]]
 
[[Category:Saints]]
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[[Category: Georgian Saints]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs]]
 
[[Category:Martyrs]]

Latest revision as of 12:04, April 30, 2011

The Holy martyr Abu of Tbilisi was a well born muslim arab who accompanied the Georgian ruler Kartli Nerses when he returned to Georgia from Bagdad about the year 775. His interest in Christianity grew such that he became a Christian and suffered martyrdom. In Georgian transliteration his name is Abo. The martyr Abu is remembered on January 8

Life

Abu was born in Bagdad. According to his biography he was an "excellent connoisseur of mohammedan books" that is the Qur’an and Law. There is no information concerning his reasoning for leaving his home in Bagdad to travel to distant Georgia, the Emirate of Tibilisi, nor why he was an attendant to the released Georgian ruler Kartli Nerses.

According to his biographer, after his arrival in Georgia, Abu remained a moslem, but apparently being learned and receptive to new ideas, he studied the Georgian language and then continued serious study of the Holy Bible and Christianity. He attended the Divine Liturgy and perceived its meaning. He talked with educated Christians. Through these associations Abu was gradually convinced to make the decision to embrace Christianity as the single true religion, an action that he made in both his heart and mind.

At the time of his decision, Georgia was subjected to political changed. Thus, like Achmed Kalfa, he did not declare himself a Christian, but was among the 300 attendants who accompanied the deposed Nerses in his exile to Chazaria. There Abu accepted baptism.

In Georgia, Stephen, a nephew of Nerses, became the ruler in Kartli. Stephen pleaded for Nerses’ return, which in time was granted, and Nerses, with Abu, returned to Georgia. After his return, Abu openly professed and preached about Christ in the Arabic quarters of Tbilisi without any ill will among the population. But, a rise in hostility grew to the “Apostate” among influential muslims.

In December 785, Abu was arrested for the first time for teaching Christ and thrown into the dungeon. Solicitation by the ruler Stephen soon earned Abu’s freedom from the infidels, but not for long. Abu’s foes informed the Kadi that Abu was born a muslim and only later converted to Christianity. On this basis these muslims called repeatedly for Abu’s re-arrest. When some Christian friends heard about these demands and suggested that Abu escape, he answered, “I am ready for Christ, not only to torments, but also to death.” When taken before a judge, he went in peace with Christ.

Abu’s appearance before the judge followed the established proceedings. He was offered cash awards and good career positions, that he spurned. After these unsuccessful proceeding, Abu was shackled and thrown into a dungeon to await his martyrdom. While waiting ABu presented an amazing example of his veneration and humility before God. He took the opportunity to sell his property through his friends, with the some of the proceeds to benefit his own cellmates. He asked that the money also be used for incense, candles, and benedictions for churches with a request that his memory be remembered in their prayers.

On the day of his martyrdom, Abu asked to receive Holy Communion. This was recognized and in the third hour he was visited by a priest. After Communion Abu was led across the city to his execution site. After he saying his prayers, the executioner began his duty by three time using the dull side of the sword in an attempt to induce fear in Abu and that he would return to islam. Not being successful, the executioner then took his full strokes, this was on January 6, 786.

Source

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