Abraam of Fayoum
|Line 1:||Line 1:|
'''St. Abraam''' (1829-1914 A.D.), the Departed Bishop of Fayoum and "Friend of the Poor", is a well-known modern-day [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Coptic Orthodox]] saint.
'''St. Abraam''' (1829-1914 A.D.), the Departed Bishop of Fayoumand "Friend of the Poor", is a well-known modern-day [[Church of Alexandria (Coptic)|Coptic Orthodox]] saint.
== Biography ==
== Biography ==
Revision as of 04:09, August 7, 2005
St. Abraam (1829-1914 A.D.), the Departed Bishop of Fayoum, Egypt, and "Friend of the Poor", is a well-known modern-day Coptic Orthodox saint.
They sent him to the Church School. His teacher Raphael took care of him, taught him reading, writing, arithmetic, the Holy Scriptures and psalms, eccliastic hymns and psalmody. He was very intelligent and eager to learn everything.
When he was eight years old, his mother became very ill, and a few weeks later died, leaving behind her child. As he loved prayers and psalms, he discovered in them how God can bless his life and fill all his heart.
When he was 15 years old, he got famous among his mates; the priests recommended him to Anba (Abba) Youssab, the Bishop of the Diocese, who ordained him as a deacon during his visit to the village's Church.
As he loved the life of contemplation with God, so he joined Virgin Mary's Coptic Orthodox Monastery "El-Meharrak" in Assiut, Upper Egypt, at the time when Rev. Father Abdel-Malek was in charge of the monastery. He was a very decent, active person, who loved all the monks. They recommended him and he was ordained a monk when he was 19 years old, in 1848. His new name was Rev. Paul El-Meharraki.
He was distinguished by his patience and self-control, and his interest in almsgiving.
Anba Yakoubos, the Bishop, heard about him, he asked him to come to the "Bishop's house" and to remain with him. Rev. Paul worked day and night, and he changed the "Bishop's house" to a shelter for the poor.
His deep eagerness for contemplating with God turned him to ask the bishop to leave for the monastery again after he spent four years helping the bishop. Then the Bishop ordained him as a priest and allowed him to return to the monastery in 1863.
At that time there was a problem regarding Father Abdel-Malek, who was in charge of the monastery, but Father Paul did not interfere with these problems.
So the monks chose him (Paul) to be in charge of the monastery. He opened the doors of the monastery for poor people, also young men heard about him and came, asking him to teach them, and after a short time they had forty new monks.
(The late Anba Marcos, the bishop of Luxor, was ordained as a monk in 1870 at El-Meharrak Monastery and grew up under the the leadership of Fr. Paul. Pope Kyrillos V chose him in 1876 to teach the new monks at El-Baramous Monastery (see below). He met his spiritual father again after five years, and remained with him until 1879, when he was ordained as a Bishop for Luxor. Up till now the people still remember much about his pure life, his holiness, deep love for praying, his modesty, and his special care about everyone, and about renewing the old churches and constructing new ones.)
As usual the devil was furious when he saw the monastery opened for the poor, and young people changed with love for Jesus Christ and continuous prayers, so he made some of the monks think that Fr. Paul was wasting the money of the monastery and they rebelled against him.
In 1870, Fr. Paul was asked to leave the monastery after five years in charge of it.
He went with four of his students to Cairo to meet Anba Marcos the Bishop, and at that time the Acting Pope. They were directed to go to the Monastery of Anba Bishoy at the Natroun-Valley in the western desert of Egypt, where they remained for a short period. Afterwards they went to the next-door El-Baramous Monastery in 1871. At that time the president of this monastery was Fr. John, who later became Pope Kyrillos V. He was so glad to receive them, and offered them a place to stay.
Fr. Paul devoted all his time to praying and study, but his deep love for the poor people did not end. He loved the hostile Arabs (Bedouins) who were living in the area of the monastery and he shared with them everything he had, even his clothes.
In 1881, the Ethiopian Emperor, John Kassa, asked Pope Kyrillos V, to ordain a metropolitan and three Bishops for the Ethiopian Empire, so he chose the four fathers who were accompanying Fr. Paul.
During his time, the Diocese of El-Fayoum became a great vine, in whose shadow the poor and rich sat with great delight.
When the Khedive Tawfik, Ruler of Egypt, visited El-Fayoum, they made a great lunch-party. Anba Abraam was sitting very near to the Khedive. He did not eat except salad, and when the Khedive asked him he answered that the day was Friday and Christians are to fast on all Fridays. Then he ordered to bring him fruits and asked Anba Abraam to meet him again. He went to meet him at the railway station before he left, and the Khedive welcomed him deeply saying to him "You are a Blessed man..."
The rulers and governers, even tyrannical ones, found rest in him. So the simple Bishop's home became their rest place.
In the year 1893 he was seriously ill with his leg, that doctors decided to perform surgery to cut off his leg. When one of his spiritual children told him, he smiled, as usual, and said "God will not let it happen. I am sure He will let them down!"
After two months he recovered completely, and went out to the Church, praising God. The Bishop's house was very crowded. The people held the palm leaves and they were waving the olive branches with joy, when they heard of his recovery.
Our blessed father Anba Abraam departed to Paradise on Thursday 9 June 1914 (2 Baounah 1630 A.M. - Coptic month/calendar) after sunset.
More than ten thousand persons attended his funeral, both Christians and Moslems (twenty five thousand persons in some accounts). But the history of Anba Abraam has not ended. In every Egyptian home there is still a lot to be told about him, for he was trully a God-loving man. The saint's body is preserved at the Coptic Orthodox Diocese of El-Fayoum in Egypt.
The Holy Synod of Coptic Orthodox Bishops decided that his name could be added to the Saints mentioned in the Holy Mass, and many Coptic Orthodox churches around the world today are named after him.
Countless miracles occurred and continue to occur to this day through the intercession of St. Abraam. Some accounts are available at http://www.copticchurch.net/topics/synexarion/abraam-miracles.html
- Online e-Book: St. Anba Abraam the Departed Bishop of Fayoum "Friend of the Poor" (1829-1914 A.D.) - Includes Part I: His Life & Part II: Wonders and Miracles - Written by William A. Hanna, Ph.D. (Format: PDF - 790 KB)
- Another e-Book about Anba Abraam, the Friend of the Poor, by Rev. Fr. Tadros Y. Malaty (Format: PDF - 646 KB)
- Saint (Anba) Abraam Museum: An Album of the Contents of the Museum of The Departed Bishop of Fayoum; The Monastery of St. Mercurius known as 'Deir AL-Azab' Fayoum, Egypt (Format: PDF - 1.17 MB)
- The Coptic Orthodox Diocese of El-Fayoum/Anba Abraam Monastery, Egypt (most content in Arabic)