Germanos (Karavaggelis) of Amaseia

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His Eminence Germanos (Karavaggelis), (Greek: Γερμανός Καραβαγγέλης), was a hierarch under the jurisdiction of the Church of Constantinople. He was the Metropolitan of the Metropolis of Kastoria from 1900 to 1908 during the time he was an active participant in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia, favoring the Greek position against that of the Bulgarians, as the Ottoman Empire was disintegrating prior to World War I. He was among the candidates for election to the see of Constantinople in 1921.

Life

Stylianos Karavangelis (Greek: Στυλιανός Καραβαγγέλης) was born on June 16, 1866 in Stipsi on the Island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea. In 1868, he moved with his family to Adramiti on the west coast of Asia Minor. He had a brother and six sisters. His grandfather had taken part in the Greek revolution of 1821. Stylianos studied at the Theological School of Halki, graduating in 1888. During this time he also was ordained a deacon with the name Germanos. He continued his education, studying theology and philosophy at Leipzig and Bonn. He returned to Constantinople in 1891 to teach religious history at the school at Halki.

In 1895, Germanos was elected bishop of Pera in Constantinople. In 1900, he was appointed the Metropolitan of Kastoria in the name of the Greek state by the ambassador of Greece Nikolaos Mavrokordatos. The metropolis was then part of the mixed ethnic area of Macedonia in the Ottoman Empire and is now located in the periphery of West Macedonia, Greece. In Kastoria, he became involved in the Macedonian revolutionary movement. His activities supporting Greek interests during the Macedonian Struggle in Macedonia in the first decade of the twentieth century resulted in the demand, in 1907, by the Ottoman Turks for his removal from Macedonia by the Ecumenical Patriarchate.

After his removal in 1908, Metr. Germanos was elected to the see of Amaseia in Pontus where during the following years the Turkish government took aggressive action to remove the Pontian Greeks. In the election of a new patriarch of Constantinople in 1921, Metr. Germanos' name was included among the final three-member candidates in the list with Metropolitans Nikolaos of Caesarea and Meletius of Athens[1]. In 1923 after the exchange of populations, he was elected the Metropolitan of the Metropolis of Ioannina by the Ecumenical Patriarchate, followed in 1924, with his appointment by the Ecumenical Patriarchate as the Exarch of Hungary with his see in Vienna, Austria.

Metr. Germanos reposed on February 11, 1935 in Vienna, Austria.

Succession box:
Germanos (Karavaggelis) of Amaseia
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Bishop of Pera
1895 - 1900
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Metropolitan of Kastoria
1900 - 1908
Succeeded by:
Ioakeim (Vaxevanidis)
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Metropolitan of Amaseia
1908 - 1923
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Preceded by:
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Metropolitan of Ioannina
1923 - 1924
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Preceded by:
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Exarch of Hungary
1924 - 1935
Succeeded by:
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