Church World Service
Church World Service (CWS) is the relief, development and refugee assistance ministry of the thirty-five Protestant, Orthodox and Anglican communions that make up the National Council of Churches of Christ in the USA. Working in partnership with indigenous organizations in more than eighty countries, CWS works worldwide to meet human needs and foster self-reliance. It was founded in 1946.
Within the United States, Church World Service assists communities in responding to disasters; resettles refugees; promotes national and international policies it sees as fair; provides educational resources; and offers opportunities to join a people-to-people network of local and global caring through participation in various projects.
Church World Service was founded in 1946, following the end of the Second World War. The purpose of CWS was to coordinate relief sent to suffering populations in Europe. One of the early projects of CWS involved the coordination of Friendship Trains, which were popularized by the columnist Drew Pearson and run under the Christian Rural Overseas Program (CROP). In this program, freight trains travelled the length of the country, picking up agricultural goods at stops along the way. When the goods arrived on the East Coast of the United States, they were loaded into ships and delivered to Europe.
Following the creation of the National Council of Churches of Christ, Church World Service became an agency within the NCCC. The members of the NCCC became, and still are, the collective "owners" of Church World Service.
In the late 1960, CWS began to organize CROP Hunger Walks, in which individuals agreed to walk to raise funds for hunger relief. Unlike similar walks organized by other groups, 25% of funds raised were earmarked for distribution to local hunger-fighting organizations. Also, donors have the option to designate the remaining funds to other organizations besides CWS, such as Lutheran World Relirf, American Jewish World Service, WorldVision, and International Orthodox Christian Charities. Many Orthodox parishes participate in CROP Walks nationally. In particular, the Lancaster, Pennsylvania CROP Walk was organized in the 1970s by the proistamenos of Annunciation Greek Orthodox Church, Fr. Alexander Veronis, who continued to chair the walk as of 2007.
The program of Church World Service is organized around five areas:
Social and Economic Development
Immigration and Refugee Programs
Education and Advocacy
Mission Relationships and Witness
- Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
- Orthodox Church in America
- Patriarchal Parishes of the Russian Orthodox Church in the USA
- Serbian Orthodox Church in the USA and Canada
- Ukrainian Orthodox Church in the USA
Oriental Orthodox jurisdictions
- Armenian Church of America (including Diocese of California)
- Coptic Orthodox Church in North America
- Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church
- Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch
- African Methodist Episcopal Church
- African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church
- Alliance of Baptists
- American Baptist Churches USA
- Christian Church (Disciples of Christ)
- Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
- Church of the Brethren
- Episcopal Church in the United States of America
- Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
- Friends United Meeting
- Hungarian Reformed Church in America
- International Council of Community Churches
- Korean Presbyterian Church in America
- Mar Thoma Church
- Moravian Church in America
- National Baptist Convention of America, Inc.
- National Baptist Convention, USA, Inc.
- National Missionary Baptist Convention of America
- Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends
- Polish National Catholic Church of America
- Presbyterian Church (USA)
- Progressive National Baptist Convention, Inc.
- Reformed Church in America
- Swedenborgian Church of North America|The Swedenborgian Church
- United Church of Christ
- United Methodist Church
- Betty Voskuil, Chairperson
- Rev. Jennifer Riggs, First Vice Chairperson
- Deborah Bass, Second Vice Chairperson
- John Paterakis, Treasurer
- Rev. George Flowers, Secretary
- Rev. John McCullough, Executive Director
- David Weaver, Interim Deputy Director of Programs
- Joanne Rendell, Deputy Director of Operations / Chief Financial Officer
Orthodox involvement in Church World Service
Orthodox Christians have been involved with Church World Service since shortly after its inception. A significant component of CWS relief work following WWII supported the needs of displaced persons in camps based in Central and Eastern Europe, and many older persons in America today recall encountering CWS relief personnel during those years. The Orthodox members of CWS are represented on the Board of Directors and on Board committees by several representatives, and Orthodox Christians have served in key leadership positions. The legate of the Armenian Diocese of America, Bishop Vicken Aykazian served as Secretary of the organization from 2000-2003, and John Paterakis of the Greek Orthodox Arcidiocese of America currently serves as Treasurer.
CWS collaborates very closely with International Orthodox Christian Charities (see below.) Also, the Executive Director of the Orthodox Christian Mission Center, Fr. Martin Ritsi participates in the Heads of Mission forums organized annually by CWS.
Current Board of Directors members include:
- Archbishop Vicken Aykazian, Armenian Diocese of America
- Arlene Kallaur, Orthodox Church in America
- Fr. Leonid Kishkovsky, Orthodox Church in America
- Bishoy M. Mikhail, Coptic Orthodox Church in North America
- John Paterakis, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
- Bishop Serapion, Coptic Orthodox Church in North America
- Constantine (Dean) Triantafilou (Executive Director-IOCC), Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America
In addition to the Board members, Orthodox are represented on committees of the Board by
- Fr. Michael Kontogiorgis, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (Investment Subcommittee)
- Fr. George Liacopoulos, Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America (Mission and Witness Committee)
Peter Mikuliak served for a number of years as New Jersey regional representative for CWS. Additionally, following the fall of communism in Eastern Europe, Peter worked in Bosnia developing and nurtering CWS projects to provide relief in the region. The current Director of Mission Relationships and Witness is David Weaver, a graduate of St. Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary.
Church World Service and International Orthodox Christian Charities have an extremely close working relationship. Both are members of the relief consortium Action By Churches Together and coordinate their efforts in providing relief worldwide. In addressing the South Asia tsunami of 2004, the bulk of relief work supported by IOCC was in fact managed by Church World Service and its partners. Conversely, CWS has provided significant support for IOCC relief projects, particularly in Iraq.
IOCC has undertaken the promotion of CWS' Gift of the Heart Kits program, which involves the assembly of health and care kits for persons affected by disasters. Following Hurricane Katrina, a significant number of the kits provided by Church World Service were assembled by Orthodox parishes.
The Executive Director of IOCC, Dean Triantafilou, sits on the Board of Church World Service and on the Emergency Relief Committee of the Board. In late 2006, the senior staffs of CWS and IOCC met in Baltimore to explore ways to expand the working relationship. Since then, members of the staffs have visited each other's offices in Baltimore, New York and Indiana in pursuit of greater collaboration.
In 2006, CWS organized the Interfaith Summit on Africa, which brought faith leaders from Africa to meet and discuss issues with policy makers and legislators in Washington. Among the more than 50 leaders were the Archbishop of Johannesburg, Seraphim (Kykkotis).