Anaphora of the Twelve Apostles
|Oriental Orthodox (Non-Chalcedonian) perspective, which may differ from an Eastern Orthodox (Chalcedonian) understanding.|
The Anaphora of the Twelve Apostles is an ancient anaphora (from Gr. αναφορά, i.e. offering to God) of the Antiochene Rite, seen by some scholars as a precursor to the Liturgy of St. John Chrysostom. It is still used in the Syriac Orthodox Church. Scholarly research suggests that, together with the Liturgy of St. James, and the Liturgy of St. Mark, this is one of the most ancient liturgical texts. In all probability, it, together with the Liturgy of St. Basil, formed the basis for the liturgy composed by John Chrysostom; its use within the Orthodox church it can be reasonably assumed continued for at least a few decades afterwards, given that the Syriac Orthodox never ceased using it, and continue to use it, alongside their recension of the anaphora of St. John Chrysostom.